Austin Bradford Hill's research while affiliated with University of London and other places

Citations

... Second, we meta-analyzed intervention studies, which experimentally modified physical activity to increase creative ideation performance. This two-step approach allowed us to investigate, first, if an association between habitual physical activity and creative ideation performance exists [43] and, second, whether physical activity may have causal effects on creative ideation performance outcomes [6,53]. ...
... The proposed tool specified by Murad et al. [14] was used to assess the quality of case reports and case series. The scale is based on J o u r n a l P r e -p r o o f convergence of previous criteria from Pierson [15], Bradford Hill [16], and Newcastle-Ottawa [13] scale modification. ...
... The framework consists in a Bayesian epistemic network, borrowed from [Bovens and Hartmann(2003)], which formalises scientific inference probabilistically. The ancestor consists in the investigated causal hypothesis, while its direct descendants are the epistemic consequences of such hypothesis, namely, indicators of causality resulting from an elaboration of Bradford-Hill guidelines for causation [Hill(1965)]. Concrete data is represented by reports of study results attached to the relevant causal indicator. A reliability and a relevance node input into each report node in order to weight the evidence by its level Fig. 1: A Multilayer Approach to Modelling Probabilistic Causal Inference through Evidence Synthesis: a. issues related to the evidential support provided by the evidence to the hypothesis at hand as discussed both in the statistical literature as well as in the philosophy of science; b. issues related to meta-evidential dimensions: consistency of studies, structure of the body of evidence in terms of mutual dependence of observations, reliability of the pieces of evidence and their relevance with respect to the target group; c. social dimensions of the pharmaceutical ecosystem (funding structures, reputational concerns, regulatory constraints), generally discussed in the social epistemology literature. ...