Augustín Udías's research while affiliated with Complutense University of Madrid and other places

Publications (12)

Chapter
Observatories in Europe were started soon after the restoration of the Society of Jesus in 1814, most of them before 1900 (18 out of 24). The majority were connected with schools or faculties of philosophy for Jesuit students or with seminaries for secular priests, while other were attached to universities, colleges or secondary schools. In both ca...
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Jesuit observatories in the United States and Canada had the common characteristic that most of them were installed in colleges and universities and only a few, as in Europe, were in faculties of philosophy for Jesuit students. Those dedicated to astronomy were created in the second part of the nineteenth century and, with the exception of the Obse...
Chapter
With the exception of the observatories in Australia and India, which had characteristics akin to those in North America and Europe, observatories in Asia, the Middle East and Africa have some common features derived from their being in mission countries. These observatories were part of the apostolic work in non-Christian and mostly undeveloped co...
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The observatory was established in 1787 after the suppression of the Society of Jesus at the time the college was run by the diocesan clergy. Its first director was Giuseppe Calandrelli. The observatory was located on a tower on the right side of the front of the college building and had astronomical and meteorological instruments. When in 1824 the...
Chapter
A meteorological observatory together with a laboratory of physics were established in the Colegio de Guatemala from its foundation in 1851. From 1856 Canudas took care of the observatory and was appointed director in 1862. The observatory published an annual summary of observations, including temperature, pressure, humidity and variations of magne...
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In 1548, eight years after its foundation by Ignatius of Loyola (1491–1556), the Society of Jesus founded its first college in Messina, Sicily and three years later in 1551, the Collegio Romano in Rome. The Collegio Romano became a university in 1553, with the right to award doctoral degrees in philosophy and theology. Throughout the first centurie...
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In 1865 a rudimentary meteorological station was established at the Ateneo de Manila, founded by Spanish Jesuits in 1860. In 1869 modern meteorological instruments were installed and in 1870 the first seismographs. From 1878, with Faura as director, the observatory developed sections of meteorology, magnetism, seismology and astronomy. The study an...
Chapter
The interest in astronomy that we have seen in the Jesuit colleges of Europe was carried into the mission countries. In 1552, at the end of his second journey to Japan, Francis Xavier (1506–1552), the first Jesuit missionary to the East, wrote to Rome asking that Jesuits sent to Japan should have some knowledge of astronomy since the Japanese were...
Chapter
Jesuit interest in the natural sciences began in the very early days of the foundation of the Society of Jesus in 1540. This work can be related to the development of Jesuit colleges in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, coinciding with the birth and progress of modern science. From the very beginning, mathematics, astronomy, and natural scie...
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Jesuit observatories in Central and South America were not very numerous and some were relatively small. Except for the Observatory of San Miguel, Argentina, they were mainly dedicated to meteorology and seismology. The occurrence of tropical hurricanes in the Caribbean and of large earthquakes in the Andean region determined the orientation given...
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The astronomical observatory of Georgetown University was founded in 1844. The first telescopes were a transit by Ertel, a meridian circle by Simms and a telescope with equatorial mounting of 12 cm aperture by Troughton and Simms. In 1888 Hagen became Director and in 1891 installed a larger telescope of 30.5 cm aperture by Fauth in a new dome and a...