Asif M. Ilyas's research while affiliated with Thomas Jefferson University and other places

Publications (235)

Article
Introduction Injury to the scapholunate interosseous ligament (SLIL) is a common cause of carpal instability, yet surgical management of chronic SLIL disruption remains challenging with no optimal technique identified. Purpose The purpose of this meta-analysis was to comparatively review the available evidence of clinical, radiographic, and patient...
Article
Background Prescription rates of opioids and benzodiazepines have steadily increased in the last decade with the percentage of prescription opioid overdose deaths involving benzodiazepines more than doubling during that time. Orthopaedic surgery is one of the highest-volume opioid prescribing medical specialties, but the effects of benzodiazepine u...
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Full-text available
Background Spinal stenosis is a degenerative narrowing of the spinal canal with encroachment on the neural structures by surrounding bone and soft tissue. This chronic low back condition can cause restrictions in mobility, impairment of daily activities, opioid dependence, anxiety, depression, and reduced quality of life. Spinal stenosis can be tre...
Article
Nationwide perspectives on cannabis have changed dramatically over recent decades. Although cannabis remains illegal at the federal level, medical cannabis (MC) is now legal in most states, and research has continued to show its effectiveness in a variety of medical conditions. However, both perception and acceptance of MC by the general public are...
Article
Purpose Ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition is a common technique for thumb basal joint arthroplasty. Recently, a variation of this technique, a suture suspensionplasty, has been introduced. The goal of our study was to assess the optimal position of the bone anchor in the thumb metacarpal. We hypothesized that an anchor placed in the...
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Introduction Methadone is a schedule II opioid traditionally used to treat opioid use disorder (OUD) and chronic pain. However, following the identification of its contribution to opioid overdose deaths, methadone has become less commonly used for chronic pain indications. In Pennsylvania (PA), prescribers are required to report methadone prescript...
Article
Introduction Diversion of unused prescription opioids is a common source of opioid sensitization in the community. Educating patients about safe opioid use has been shown to be effective in decreasing opioid use. However, decreasing diversion will also require educating patients on proper opioid disposal. A survey was administered to better underst...
Article
Background: The opioid epidemic is a major public health crisis in the United States. Legislators have enacted various strategies to combat this crisis, including the implementation of statewide prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMP). These PDMPs are electronic databases that collect and analyze patient prescription data on controlled substa...
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Full-text available
The United States’ opioid epidemic has taken an immense toll over the past 2 decades when assessed by morbidities, mortalities, and economic costs. Prescription opioids are a substantial contribution to this public health emergency, and it is critical for health care providers to practice good analgesic stewardship. Interventions have effectively c...
Article
Intramedullary K-wire (IMKW) fixation is one of the mainstays for surgically treating metacarpal shaft and neck fractures. However, there remains a lack of literature comparing outcomes of the various available surgical repair techniques in all indicated metacarpals. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the c...
Article
The scaphoid is predisposed to nonunion after fracture because of its tenuous blood supply and propensity for delayed diagnosis. Many surgical techniques exist and continue to be developed to treat scaphoid non-unions. However, with variability in patient presentation, differences in nonunion location and type, and multiple bone graft sources and f...
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The United States spends more on health care than any other country in the world based on the percentage of gross domestic product. This fact is coupled with health care facilities contributing nearly one-tenth of all greenhouse gas emissions in the United States, and with the health care industry’s waste contributions to landfills being second onl...
Article
Background: With the rise in distal radius fracture (DRF) incidence and treatment through open reduction internal fixation, there are increasing concerns in the current medical cost containment climate. To help reduce costs, manufacturers are introducing sterile packed kits. The purpose of this study is to compare the costs of the single use kit (...
Article
Background Opioid prescribing practices have been an area of interest for orthopedic surgeons in the wake of the opioid epidemic. Previous studies have investigated the effects of a multitude of patient-specific risk factors on prolonged opioid use postoperatively. However, to date, there is a lack of studies examining the effects of multiple presc...
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Background: Prescription opioid abuse remains an ongoing public health crisis, especially in orthopaedic surgery. The purpose of the present study is to analyze opioid-prescribing patterns and investigate risk factors for prolonged opioid use after common outpatient orthopaedic surgical procedures. Methods: After institutional review board appro...
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Purpose We assessed the rate of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) following hand surgery in patients with prosthetic joints, and determined the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics for preventing PJI in this patient subset. Methods A systematic review of PubMed (MEDLINE) and Scopus (EMBASE, MEDLINE, COMPENDEX) from 1968 to 2021 was conducted. P...
Article
Orthopaedic surgeons are among the highest prescribers of opioids. This study explores the effect of an educational intervention on orthopaedic surgery residents' opioid knowledge and prescribing practices. Orthopaedic residents were surveyed at three urban academic institutions. A pre-survey was administered to residents prior to an educational le...
Article
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Purpose Medical cannabis (MC) has been proposed as a potential addition to multimodal pain management regimens in orthopedics. This study evaluates hand and upper-extremity patient perspectives of MC as a treatment for common orthopedic and musculoskeletal pain conditions. This study also aims to identify the proportion of patients already using MC...
Article
Objectives: The opioid epidemic is a multifactorial issue, which includes pain mismanagement. Resident physician education is essential in addressing this issue. We aimed to analyze the effects of an educational intervention on the knowledge and potential prescribing habits of emergency medicine (EM), general surgery (GS), and internal medicine re...
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Full-text available
Purpose Shoulder injury related to vaccine administration (SIRVA) is a rare but potentially debilitating injury characterized by persistent shoulder pain, typically occurring within 48 hours of intramuscular deltoid vaccine administration. With over 150 million flu vaccines being administered in the United States each year, and the US Centers for D...
Article
Background Osteoarthritis (OA) can result in significant pain, requiring pain management with opioids. Medical cannabis (MC) has the potential to be an alternative to opioids for chronic pain conditions. This study investigates whether MC used in the management of OA-related chronic pain can reduce opioid utilization. Methods Forty patients with ch...
Article
Background This study investigates whether the use of medical cannabis (MC) in patients with chronic back pain is associated with a decreased opioid prescription. Methods The study included 186 patients with chronic back pain who were certified for MC use. The average morphine milligram equivalent (MME)/day of opioid prescriptions filled within the...
Article
Literature on adverse events (AEs) after outpatient orthopedic surgery is relatively sparse, and efforts to detect, measure, and track AEs after outpatient surgery lag behind those for the inpatient setting. Detection of AEs has traditionally relied on patient safety indicators (from billing data) and self-reporting, but these methods have been sho...
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Purpose Thumb basal joint arthroplasty surgery is a common hand surgery after which patients often require opioids. To better understand safe opioid consumption patterns, this study sought to identify risk factors for filling a second prescription and/or prolonged opioid use (prescription over 6 months after the surgery). Preoperative opioid use wa...
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Purpose The wide-awake local anesthesia technique in hand surgery is widely used, but there are currently no guidelines or protocols for the number of operating room personnel required to optimize patient safety intraoperatively. This study aimed to evaluate perioperative complication rates of wide-awake local anesthesia hand surgeries performed at...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a video versus that of a paper handout for explaining operative instructions for hand and upper extremity surgeries to patients. We aimed to compare patient performance using a knowledge-based questionnaire. In addition, we aimed to compare how helpful patients found their assigned o...
Article
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Background: The United States opioid epidemic is a devastating public health crisis fueled in part by physician prescribing. While the next generation of prescribers is crucial to the trajectory of the epidemic, medical school curricula designated to prepare students for opioid prescribing (OP) and pain management is often underdeveloped. In respo...
Article
Background During radial shaft fracture fixation, it is important to contour the plate appropriately to restore the radial bow in order to maintain normal forearm mechanics and motion. The aim of this study was to investigate the fit of precontoured radial shaft plates versus surgeon-contoured plates. Methods Six 10-hole Acumed ® precontoured vola...
Article
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Introduction Data from clinical trials suggest that CT-confirmed nondisplaced scaphoid waist fractures heal with less than the conventional 8–12 weeks of immobilization. Barriers to adopting shorter immobilization times in clinical practice may include a strong influence of fracture tenderness and radiographic appearance on decision-making. This st...
Article
Background There has been an increasing utilization of end-to-end (ETE) and reverse “supercharged” end-to-side (SETS) anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) to ulnar nerve transfers (NTs) for treatment of high ulnar nerve injury. This study aimed to review the potential indications for, and outcomes of, ETE and SETS AIN–ulnar NT. Methods A literature re...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The opioid epidemic has hit all corners of the United States but has disproportionately affected geographical areas to varying extents over the last thirty years. Rural areas have had higher rates of opioid prescribing than urban areas. However, urban counties have higher rates of opioid overdose deaths than rural counties. This study a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The opioid epidemic is a multifactorial issue, which includes pain mismanagement. A recent study has shown that residents have received little training for opioid related patient care. Therefore, resident physician education is essential in addressing this issue. We aimed to analyze the effects of an educational intervention on the knowl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Opioid abuse persists as a significant public health issue in the United States; many states are implementing education and monitoring programs in response. This study examined opioid prescribing patterns and trends after implementing a prescription drug monitoring program in Pennsylvania from 2016 to 2020. Methods: A cross-sectional da...
Article
Distal radius fractures are among the most commonly encountered injuries treated by orthopedic surgeons. The incidence of distal radius fractures appears to be on the rise. Although this injury is usually treated nonoperatively, surgical management is often indicated and involves several options, including percutaneous pinning, fragment-specific fi...
Article
The goal of this study was to determine the relationship of digital artery pressure to arm position and forearm skin surface pressure using a short-arm cast experimental setup, to ascertain the safest position for the injured casted upper extremity. A total of 27 volunteers were placed in bilateral short-arm fiber-glass casts with an empty 50-mL bl...
Article
Background Due to limited sensitivity of radiographs for scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) arthritis and the high rate of concurrence between thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) and STT arthritis, intraoperative visualization of the STT joint is recommended during CMC arthroplasty. Purpose We quantified the percentage of trapezoid facet of the scaphotrapezoid...
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Purpose Wide-awake local anesthesia no-tourniquet (WALANT) hand surgery has gained popularity because of its cost savings, safety, favorable outcomes, and high patient satisfaction. However, the wide-awake nature of the technique causes many patients to experience anxiety during the procedure. Nonorthopedic studies have reported the anxiolytic effe...
Article
Injuries of the hand and wrist are common in baseball. Because of the unique motions and loads encountered in this sport, physicians treating baseball players may encounter hand and wrist injuries ranging from common to rare. An understanding of these baseball-related injuries must include their pathoanatomy, diagnosis, and treatment options. This...
Article
There are several options for plate fixation of distal radius fractures. Volar plating has broad applicability and consistent outcomes, and thus is the most commonly used plate type. Dorsal plates are advantageous for specific fracture patterns, and can provide direct fracture reduction and buttressing, but may be prominent and can cause tendon irr...
Preprint
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Radial fractures often require surgical stabilization with fracture fixation plates. Incomplete morphological reconstruction was linked to poor outcome such as limited forearm rotation. Pre-contoured plates are often used, but large inter-subject morphological variations may result in poor fit. Therefore, the goal of this study was to develop a rel...
Article
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of standardized preoperative opioid counseling on postoperative opioid consumption for patients undergoing outpatient lower extremity orthopaedic surgery. Participating patients undergoing elective outpatient lower extremity orthopaedic surgery were randomized to either receive preoperative...
Article
Background Thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint arthroplasty is a common procedure in the surgical management of symptomatic thumb basal joint arthritis. Following trapeziectomy, a number of suspensionplasty techniques are often used, but limited comparative evidence exists between these techniques. The central aim of this study was to prospectively c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The opioid epidemic is a major public health crisis in the United States. Legislators have enacted various strategies to combat this crisis, including the implementation of statewide prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMP). These PDMPs are electronic databases that collect and analyze patient prescription data on controlled substan...
Article
Pain management and opioid consumption following outpatient orthopedic surgery may be influenced by several variables, including knowledge of safe opioid use. A prospective randomized study was undertaken to understand the effect of preoperative opioid education on opioid consumption following outpatient orthopedic surgeries. A total of 237 patient...
Article
Background Headless compression screw fixation with bone grafting has been the mainstay of treatment for scaphoid nonunion for the past several decades. Recently, locked volar plate fixation has gained popularity as a technique for scaphoid fixation, especially for recalcitrant or secondary nonunions. Purpose The purpose of this meta-analysis was t...
Article
Introduction Heterotopic ossification (HO) can be a potentially serious and devastating complication following traumatic injury to the elbow. HO prophylaxis options include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and radiation therapy (RT) but neither has been proven more effective. The purpose of this review is to compare effectiveness and o...
Article
Traumatic peripheral nerve injuries present a particular challenge to hand surgeons as mechanisms of nerve-healing pose serious limitations to achieving complete functional recovery. The loss of distal axonal segments through Wallerian degeneration results in the loss of neuromuscular junctions and irreversible muscle atrophy. Current methods of re...
Article
Heterotopic ossification (HO), a complication after surgical repair of elbow fractures, can result in pain, decreased range of motion, or complete ankylosis of the joint. This updated systematic review focused on compiling incidence and prevalence rates of HO after surgical repair of various types of elbow fractures. The overall incidence of HO aft...
Article
The frequency of prosthetic total wrist arthroplasty continues to increase. With this increase comes the expected subsequent increase in need for revision or salvage procedures. The technique presented here involves the use of a cortical allograft interposition graft to restore bone stock and length for failed total wrist arthroplasty.
Article
Treatment of the terrible triad injury of the elbow remains a difficult problem. There are several ways to treat the radial head and coronoid fractures; controversy still exists regarding the best way to treat each. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to compare the clinical outcomes of radial head and coronoid fractures treated using current pro...
Article
Background: Hand infections caused by mycobacteria are relatively uncommon compared to infections caused by other pathogens; therefore, much of the available literature consists of case reports and limited case series. Broadly categorized into tuberculous and nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections, both tuberculous and NTM infections are ty...
Article
Hand and upper extremity surgery performed with the patient wide awake involves the use of a local anesthetic and epinephrine. Controversy persists as to whether epinephrine is safe for use in the hand. The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety of epinephrine in hand and upper extremity surgery. The hypothesis was that epinephrine is safe a...
Article
Background Bridge plating for distal radius fractures is indicated for complex fractures with comminution, extensive articular involvement, and/or cases requiring immediate weight bearing. Bridge plate fixation of distal radius fractures is a well-documented treatment method; however, failures have been reported with repetitive loading through the...
Article
Full-text available
The demand for telemedicine has been increasing over the past several years with the growth of technology and digital connectivity in our daily lives. With the impact of the global COVID-19 pandemic, telemedicine implementation has become a necessity for many specialties as social distancing measures have greatly impacted access to routine medical...
Article
Background: Scapholunate (SL) ligament injuries can occur concomitantly with distal radius fractures (DRFs), and the management of acute SL injury in the setting of DRFs remains controversial. The purpose of the study is to identify the radiographic incidence of SL widening in DRF treated with volar plate fixation and to determine the functional ou...
Article
Background: To determine the prevalence of prosthetic joint infections (PJIs) after elective clean hand surgery in order to determine whether prophylactic antibiotics are warranted in patients who have previously undergone total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Methods: All patients undergoing elective clean hand surgery between 2012 and 2018 were retrosp...
Article
Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate variations in radiographic metacarpal anatomy as it relates to intramedullary (IM) fixation of metacarpal fractures and to compare this anatomy with available headless screw dimensions. Methods: We radiographically analyzed posteroanterior and lateral (LAT) radiographs of 120 metacarpals acro...
Article
Background: Rates of opioid addiction and overdose continue to climb in the United States, increasing pressure on prescribers to identify solutions to decrease postoperative opioid consumption. Hand and upper extremity surgeries are high-volume surgeries with a predilection for inadvertent overprescribing. Recent investigations have shown that preo...
Article
Background A common query by patients undergoing distal radius fracture (DRF) repair is when (s)he can resume driving postoperatively. A prospective cohort analysis was performed to assess fracture and patient factors on a patient's self-reported ability to return to driving to better inform patients and surgeons. Methods Consecutive patients under...
Article
While many hand infections are superficial, diligent evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of these infections are central for preventing disability and morbidity. Maintaining a wide differential diagnosis is important as some hand infections may mimic others. In geographic areas with more than a 10% to 15% prevalence of community-acquired methicill...
Article
Full-text available
Carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgery continues to evolve. Carpal tunnel syndrome remains a primarily clinical diagnosis, although ultrasound has supplemented electrodiagnostic testing as a confirmatory tool. Magnetic resonance imaging of the carpal tunnel has also showed some promise as an alternative method for the examination of the median nerve....
Article
Background: Surgical treatment of basal joint arthritis commonly consists of trapeziectomy followed by various suspensionplasty techniques to provide stability to the thumb ray. Our study goal was to assess the motion and stability of the thumb ray after trapeziectomy and placement of a suture button (Mini TightRope®, Arthrex, Naples, Florida) in a...
Article
Objective The current understanding of revision rates following surgery for the primary surgical treatment of idiopathic cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare the rate of revision surgery following in situ decompression (SD) versus anterior transposition (AT) after the surgical treatme...
Article
Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis (PFT) is a common closed-space infection of the flexor tendon sheaths of the hand, which remains one of the most challenging problems facing hand surgeons. PFT goes by several names including septic or suppurative flexor tenosynovitis. Adequate treatment requires timely diagnosis and often prompt surgical treatment. Ho...
Article
Introduction: Radial nerve palsies with humeral shaft fractures have historically been treated with expectant management. A previous systematic review by Shao et al, based on studies published from 1964 to 2004, purported no difference in the rate of recovery between patients treated with early surgical intervention versus expectant treatment. How...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Thumb basal joint arthritis is a common degenerative condition of the hand that is often managed with thumb basal joint arthroplasty (BJA). This procedure generally results in a high level of patient satisfaction; however, the rate and cause of early unplanned reoperation after thumb BJA are not well-understood. Therefore, we performed a re...
Article
Fractures of the capitellum and trochlea are uncommon fractures of the elbow and can be challenging to treat due to their size, location, and articular nature. Because of their intra-articular nature and predilection toward displacement, these fractures are typically treated operatively. Furthermore, capitellum fractures have high rates of associat...
Article
Background: There is evidence that interfragmentary fracture gap size may affect the compression achievable with a modern headless compression screw (HCS). This mechanical study compared the compression achieved by 3 commercial HCS systems through various fracture gaps: CAPTIVATE Headless (Globus Medical, Inc, Audubon, Pennsylvania), Synthes (DePuy...
Article
Background: A lack of established opioid-prescribing guidelines has prompted recent studies to propose preliminary guidelines to mitigate inadvertent overprescribing, diversion, and abuse. The purpose of our study was to assess the efficacy of a specific set of opioid-prescribing guidelines by prospective evaluation of patient consumption and satis...
Article
Background: Previous studies have highlighted the particular risk of radiation exposure to the surgeon’s hands with intraoperative fluoroscopy. Although evidence exists that shielding equipment for the hands reduces exposure, the extent of protection is not well understood. Therefore, we set out to determine the degree to which radiation exposure t...
Article
Introduction External fixation and dorsal bridge plating are wrist spanning fixation options for distal radius fractures; however, their comparative effectiveness is not well understood. A meta-analysis was conducted to compare the clinical outcomes between these two techniques. Materials and Methods A PubMed database query of all distal radius fra...
Article
Background: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is frequently used in the diagnosis of upper extremity conditions. We hypothesize that the results often do not change treatment. The purpose of the present study was to prospectively assess the extent to which MRI findings alter patient management. Methods: Ten hand surgeons who were ordering an MRI (el...
Article
Background: Ulnar styloid fractures (USFs) are common concomitant injuries associated with distal radius fractures (DRFs). Recent studies have found conflicting evidence on whether these fractures treated or untreated effect pain and functional outcomes. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate pain and function outcomes of consecuti...
Article
Introduction Expeditious and accurate diagnosis of septic wrist arthritis is essential to prevent further cartilage damage, systemic infection, osteomyelitis, and loss of limb. There is limited literature on the incidence and clinical factors that are predictive of septic wrist arthritis. Objective We aimed to investigate the incidence of septic wr...
Article
Pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis (PFT)is a potentially devastating closed-space infection of the flexor tendon sheath of the hand that can result in considerable morbidity. Management of PFT, regardless of the pathogen, includes prompt administration of empirical intravenous antibiotics and often surgical treatment. However, currently, there is no sta...
Article
Background The effect of postoperative dressing and splinting after distal radius fracture (DRF) open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) is not well understood. A prospective cohort analysis was performed to assess differences in functional and radiographic outcomes with the use of plaster splinting or soft dressing following DRF ORIF. Methods All...
Article
Background: Injuries to digital nerves are common with trauma to the hand, often requiring surgery. Surgical management of these injuries can be performed using several techniques: direct repair (neurorrhaphy), autograft, allograft, and conduit repair. In light of increasing the availability and use of various digital nerve repair techniques, a new...
Article
Background Compromised sleep is a known phenomenon with compressive neuropathies such as carpal tunnel syndrome. However, the prevalence of sleep disturbance with cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) and the effect on sleep after ulnar nerve decompression are not well understood. We hypothesized that CuTS results in sleep disturbances and that decompress...
Chapter
Anterior transposition for cubital tunnel syndrome consists of the surgical decompression of the ulnar nerve followed by movement of the nerve anterior to its native retrocondylar location relative to the medial epicondyle. Three different types of anterior transposition have been described, including subcutaneous, intramuscular, and submuscular tr...
Chapter
Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow is the second most common peripheral nerve entrapment in the upper extremity. In addition to appropriate history and physical exam, ancillary tests such as electrodiagnostic testing are often needed to ensure proper diagnosis and management. A variety of surgical approaches are available depending on the site and sever...
Article
Purpose: The aim of the study is to determine the reliability of the Tulipan-Ilyas (TI) classification among hand surgeons by utilizing several case studies and to test the null hypothesis that the TI system would have superior interobserver reliability than the Gustilo-Anderson (GA) system for classifying and guiding treatment for open fractures o...
Article
Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is the most common pathogen isolated from hand abscesses. The purpose of this study was to understand trends and changes in longitudinal antibiotic resistance profiles and risk factors for these infections to better guide empiric treatment of hand infections. Methods: We performed a ret...
Article
Purpose: This biomechanical study compared the stability of volar locking plates (VLPs) and locking fragment-specific (LFS) dorsal and radial styloid plates for the fixation of dorsal (AO 23-B2) and radial styloid (AO 23-B1) shear fractures of the distal radius, respectively. Methods: Two groups of 6 composite radii were fixed with a VLP or an L...
Article
The goal of this study was to evaluate 3 common oral analgesics-oxycodone (OXY), ibuprofen (IBU), and acetaminophen (ACE)-for pain management following carpal tunnel release (CTR) and trigger finger release (TFR) surgery. Outcome measures were pain scores, capsule consumption patterns, and satisfaction. Carpal tunnel or trigger finger patients indi...
Article
Distal humerus fractures, which are challenging injuries seen in geriatric patients, are often repaired using open reduction and internal fixation or total elbow arthroplasty. This updated meta-analysis, which includes more recent open reduction and internal fixation techniques, examined outcomes following distal humerus fractures repaired using op...
Article
Purpose: Adequate postoperative pain control in hand surgery is a multifactorial issue affecting patient satisfaction, outcomes, and safety. However, prescription opioid abuse is becoming an increasingly prevalent problem in the Unites States. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a difference in pain levels or pill consumption w...
Article
Background: Managing postoperative pain is important for patients and surgeons. However, there is concern over opioid dependency. Cubital tunnel decompression is among the most common upper extremity surgeries. Our study aimed to analyze opioid use after cubital tunnel decompression to guide postoperative opioid prescribing. Methods: We prospect...
Article
Purpose Evidence for the superiority of in situ simple decompression (SD) versus ulnar nerve transposition (UNT) for cubital tunnel syndrome remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical improvement, complication rate, and revision rate of SD versus UNT using the available evidence. Methods We performed a literature s...
Article
Background: Hand surgery under local anesthesia only has been utilized more frequently in recent years. The purpose of this study was to compare perioperative time and cost for carpal tunnel release (CTR) performed under local anesthesia (WALANT) only to those performed under intravenous sedation (MAC). Methods: A retrospective comparison of int...
Article
Background In recent years, there has been an increased utilization of volar locking plate fixation of distal radius fractures (DRFs). However, reported long-term complication rates with this technique remain unclear. Purpose The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the pooled incidence of complications associated with volar locking...
Article
Background: Perioperative pain management in hand and upper extremity surgery has become increasingly challenging following recent efforts to accelerate postoperative recovery, decrease length of stay, and maximize the number and complexity of surgical interventions provided in an ambulatory setting. This issue has been further complicated by the...
Article
Trapeziectomy alone or in combination with a suspensionplasty technique is a common surgical treatment for symptomatic thumb basal joint arthritis. The authors undertook a prospective comparative study to test the hypothesis that peripheral nerve blocks would provide better pain control than local anesthesia with bupivacaine or liposomal bupivacain...
Article
Unstable fracture-dislocations of the elbow, and in particular the "terrible triad" injury consisting of an elbow dislocation with a fracture of the radial head and coronoid, are complex injuries that can be plagued and complicated by persistent instability. Acute and chronic instability is a difficult problem and is best managed early by avoidance...
Article
Triceps tendon ruptures are uncommon injuries, but they typically require surgical repair. Multiple primary repair techniques are available, including transosseous, suture anchor, and anatomic repairs. The technique described here, the “suture bridge” repair, provides an anatomic repair of the distal triceps tendon to its footprint. It has the pote...