Asier Moneva's research while affiliated with Netherlands Institute for the Study of Crime and Law Enforcement (NSCR) and other places

Publications (21)

Preprint
Objective: Aiming to reduce distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks by alerting the consciences of Internet users, this paper evaluates the efectiveness of four warning banners displayed as online ads (deterrent—control, social, informative, and reorienting) and the contents of their two linked landing pages.Methods We implement a 4×2 quasi-ex...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Aiming to reduce distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks by alerting the consciences of Internet users, this paper evaluates the effectiveness of four warning banners displayed as online ads (deterrent—control, social, informative, and reorienting) and the contents of their two linked landing pages. Methods We implement a 4 × 2 quas...
Preprint
This chapter introduces Conjunctive Analysis of Case Configurations (CACC) for the study of crime and place. After introducing CACC as an alternative approach to variable-oriented thinking, we present its conceptual underpinnings and limitations. We then provide a step-by-step tutorial on how to conduct a CACC, accompanied by an example using publi...
Article
Repeat victimization has been widely studied from the perspective of environmental criminology for several decades. During this period, criminologists have identified a set of repeat victimization premises that are observed for many property crimes; however, it is unknown whether these premises are also valid for cybercrime. In this study we employ...
Article
Full-text available
The unprecedented changes in routine activities brought about by COVID-19 and the associated lockdown measures contributed to a reduction in opportunities for predatory crimes in outdoor physical spaces, while people spent more time connected to the internet, and opportunities for cybercrime and fraud increased. This article applies time-series ana...
Chapter
The Annual Conference on the Human Factor in Cybercrime is a small and specialised scientific event that aims to bring together scholars from around the world to present their research advances to a select audience. Its dynamic and linear format favours group discussions since all contributions are heard by all the attendants. This, together with i...
Preprint
Full-text available
There have been many warnings about the rising threat of cybercrime and fraud resulting from the COVID-19 lockdown measures and the associated increase in Internet use. However, there is still relatively little data with which to support the alerts and any changes may be nuanced. The present paper applies time series analysis methods to historical...
Article
Full-text available
A reduction in property crime has been a central feature of criminological discussion in the last 25 years, and numerous studies have used police statistics to identify a drop throughout the Western world. However, fraud, which is included in a broad definition of property crime, has typically not been considered in the analysis. This study examine...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Lockdown and social distancing policies to reduce COVID-19 provoked large-scale changes in people’s everyday lives. People spent more time at home and connected to the Internet. Cyber-dependent crime spiked during April in lockdown but returned to the long-term trend in June 2020. Fraud, which is numerically larger, showed less variation.
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 outbreak and the far-reaching lockdown measures are having direct and indirect effects on complex social domains, including opportunities for crime offline and online. This paper presents preliminary analyses about the short-term effect of COVID-19 and lockdown measures on cyber-dependent crime and online fraud in the UK. Time series a...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, many human activities have made cyberspace their preferred environment. This study focuses on the betting environment, specifically on fixed-match informing websites (FMIWs). These sites claim to be capable of selling tips about fixed sports events. They essentially act as vendors of confidential sources, allowing punters to place...
Code
This R package contains a set of functions to conduct a Conjunctive Analysis of Case Configurations (CACC; Miethe, Hart & Regoeczi, 2008). “cacc” is the first and foremost function. This function collects a data frame to execute a CACC. As a result, it returns another data frame that contains only the dominant profiles observed in the data, the n...
Article
Data collected from a sample of Spanish non-university students (N = 4174) were used to identify unique situational profiles of self-identified repeated online harassment victims and offenders, through a Conjunctive Analysis of Case Configurations (CACC). Repeat victim and offender profiles were constructed using individual-level factors and variab...
Article
Full-text available
El fraude es uno de los crímenes prototípicos que originaron el debate sobre el "vino viejo en botellas nuevas" haciendo referencia al cibercrimen. Sin embargo, también constituye un problema cuyo impacto aún suele ser malinterpretado o subestimado. Con el fin de ampliar el debate al contexto español y poner de relieve las consecuencias que sufren...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract In this paper we question Farrell and Birks’ assertion of the emergence of cybercrime as an invalid explanation for the crime drop. Alternatively to the “cybercrime hypothesis”, we propose two non-exclusive hypotheses that highlight the essential role of cyberspace as an environment that has shifted criminal opportunities from physical to...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract With the objective of facilitating and reducing analysis tasks undergone by law enforcement agencies and service providers, and using a sample of digital messages (i.e., tweets) sent via Twitter following the June 2017 London Bridge terror attack (N = 200,880), the present study introduces a new algorithm designed to detect hate speech mes...
Article
El presente artículo constituye la primera guía paso a paso en castellano para llevar a cabo un Análisis Conjunto de Configuraciones de Caso (Miethe, Hart, & Regoeczi, 2008). Este se define como una técnica exploratoria para el análisis multivariado de datos categóricos que supone una alternativa a otros métodos tradicionales. Mediante su desarroll...

Citations

... This study also noted that reports of romance fraud increased in the first three months of 2020 in comparison with the same period in 2019, and this increase was experienced by all age groups. Kemp et al. (2021) used data about crimes known to UK authorities between April 2019 and July 2020 and observed a statistically significant increase in online shopping fraud, romance fraud, and cyber-dependent crime, and a significant decrease in ticket fraud. Finally, Cross (2020) argued that even though there is a lack of data to analyse the impact of COVID on fraud, government restrictions on social interactions may have increased older persons' vulnerability to fraud, including romance fraud. ...
... Repeat victims are those who suffer the same offenses regularly (e.g., robbery or cyber-fraud), while multiple victims, or multivictims, are those who suffer consecutive crimes of a different nature -for example, robbery and cyber-fraud. Several authors have investigated repeated victimization in both the material and cyber world (e.g., Everson, 2003;Farrell, 1993;Matthews et al., 2001;Milani et al., 2020;Moneva et al., 2022Moneva et al., , 2020Whitty, 2019), while few have addressed multiple cybervictimizations (Correia, 2020;Drew, 2020). With respect to prevalence, Correia (2020) found that among the 11,844 participants in the Crime Survey for England and Wales, 8.5% had been victims of both fraud and computer misuse, 7% of fraud only, and 1.8% of computer misuse only. ...
... This paper also offered securityrelated solutions to prevent and tackle COVID-19 themed cyber crimes. Steven et al. [8] focused on establishing a relationship between change in day-to-day activities due to the pandemic and lockdowns and how cyber crime has changed concerning that. This paper discusses recent cyber crimes and provides a taxonomy for the attacks but does not provide any research directions or solutions present or future to tackle the issue. ...
... Specific details for conducting CACC are available in the extant literature (Hart 2014;Hart and Moneva 2018;Hart, Rennison, and Miethe 2017;Miethe, Hart, and Regoeczi 2008), but can be summarized with a few basic steps. First, a "truth table" is constructed from variables contained in an existing data file. ...
... The research on crime and COVID-19 in addition notes certain types of crime for which the pandemic appears to have led to more crime. This is true for domestic violence (Ivandic et al., 2020;Nesset et al., 2021;Piquero et al., 2021) and cybercrime (Buil-Gil et al., 2021b, 2021a. Increases in these crimes are expected due to changes in routine activities, as people spend more time at home, which could increase domestic violence, and online activity, which could increase cybercrime (Esiner & Nivette, 2020;Buil-Gil et al., 2021b). ...
... Repeat victims are those who suffer the same offenses regularly (e.g., robbery or cyber-fraud), while multiple victims, or multivictims, are those who suffer consecutive crimes of a different nature -for example, robbery and cyber-fraud. Several authors have investigated repeated victimization in both the material and cyber world (e.g., Everson, 2003;Farrell, 1993;Matthews et al., 2001;Milani et al., 2020;Moneva et al., 2022Moneva et al., , 2020Whitty, 2019), while few have addressed multiple cybervictimizations (Correia, 2020;Drew, 2020). With respect to prevalence, Correia (2020) found that among the 11,844 participants in the Crime Survey for England and Wales, 8.5% had been victims of both fraud and computer misuse, 7% of fraud only, and 1.8% of computer misuse only. ...
... Проблемы учета преступлений в связи с ростом числа онлайн преступности констатируют ряд авторов [24] . О ни считают, что рост онлайн-преступлений и гибридных преступлений способствовал снижению офлайн-преступлений, что особо актуально в период пандемии. ...
... Thus, one of the most controversial issues from the perspective we are interested in is those practices of observing people's behavior in their natural context without their knowledge or consent (see, for instance, Chapters 14, 23, and 24). While this challenge was traditionally associated with the covert research based on ethnomethodology (Garrett, 2013), to date is mostly identifiable in online research on social networks (Castro Toledo, 2019;Castro-Toledo et al., 2020; or through the dark web (Moneva & Caneppele, 2019;Zeid et al., 2020). Of course, this approach has been adopted by researchers when they foresee the risk that those who are aware that they are being observed will decide to act differently to their usual environment, especially when dealing with criminal or simply antisocial behavior, and thus invalidate the results of the study (Banks, 2018). ...
... The rationale behind this drop has been the subject of a substantial body of research. Whether the decrease is motivated by a decline in opportunity, increased security or perhaps displacement of criminal or deviant behaviour from the physical to the digital online space has been argued (Farrell and Birks, 2018;Miro-Llinares and Moneva, 2019). A decline in opportunity has been documented, possibly resulting from increased security with sophisticated anti-theft devices and the advent of security cameras in many public spaces (Farrell et al., 2015). ...
... Several elements of profile metadata have been studied as a proxy for digital identity. These elements include usernames (Gao and Huang, 2017), user anonymity, the presence of updated profile pictures (Unsvåg and Gambäck, 2018), biographies (Miró-Llinares et al., 2018), verified account status (Ziems et al., 2020), counts for followers (Founta et al., 2019), and friends (Balci and Salah, 2015). Some other profile features include profile language (Galán-García et al., 2016) and account age (Founta et al., 2019). ...