Arturo Bados's research while affiliated with University of Barcelona and other places

Publications (57)

Article
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Background: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a debilitating syndrome, more prevalent in women, which is aggravated by the presence of depressive symptoms. In the last decade, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has demonstrated to reduce such depressive symptoms and pain in these patients, but there are still a considerable number of them who do not respond to...
Article
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Background Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is aimed to counteract cognitions and behaviours that are considered as dysfunctional. The aim of the study is to test whether the inclusion of a non-counteractive approach (dilemma-focused intervention, DFI) in combination with CBT group therapy will yield better short- and long-term outcomes than an...
Article
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Introduction: Given the increasing prevalence of mental health problems in the general population, it is indispensable to use assessment tools aimed to assess the outcome of therapeutic interventions in order to refine the process of psychological rehabilitation. Method: We describe the process of adaptation into Spanish and a first psychometric...
Article
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Introducción. Ante la creciente prevalencia de proble-mas de salud mental en la población general, resulta impres-cindible el uso de instrumentos de evaluación destinados a evaluar el resultado de las intervenciones terapéuticas, con el fin de facilitar el proceso de rehabilitación psicológica. Metodología. Se expone el proceso de adaptación al es...
Poster
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Differential remission rates observed in patients with early or delayed diagnosis of BPD
Article
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The perceived utility of two training methods of therapeutic skills was compared in the training of General Health Psychologist: the peer counseling (the student who plays the client role relates a personal experience and therefore the therapist works with real experiences), and the role-playing (the student who plays the role of patient always pla...
Presentation
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Given the increasing prevalence of mental health problems in the general population, it is necessary to use assessment tools aimed at collecting psychological information of the person, (re)designing appropriate therapeutic interventions, and ultimately promoting adequate psychological rehabilitation. For that purpose, the Young Person’s – Clinical...
Article
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The aim of this prospective study was to expand previously reported evidence on the 10-year clinical and functional course of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a Spanish sample. Participants diagnosed with BPD were assessed at baseline and at 10-year follow-up to evaluate BPD symptomatology and other relevant clinical measures, suicidal beha...
Presentation
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This presentation reported metaanalytic results from a literature review (1990 to 2015), which aimed to answer the following questions: (1) What is the long-term course of BPD diagnostic remission in adulthood? (2) Is the initial treatment related to long-term BPD remission rates?
Article
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Objective: The objective of this paper is to assess the reliability and validity of the Spanish translation of the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation – Outcome Measure, a 34-item self-report questionnaire that measures the client’s status in the domains of Subjective well-being, Problems/Symptoms, Life functioning, and Risk. Method: Six hundre...
Article
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Background: Since long ago it has been asserted that internal conflicts are relevant to the understanding and treatment of mental disorders, but little research has been conducted to support the claim. The aim of this study was to test the differential efficacy of group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) plus an intervention focused on the dilemma...
Article
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The main goal of the study is to explore the relationship between coping styles and vulnerability to eating disorders in a sample of adolescent girls, according to their age. The sample comprises 1396 girls, aged 13 to 18, who completed the Eating Disorders Inventory-3 (EDI-3) and the Adolescent Coping Scale (ACS). The regression analysis shows tha...
Article
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Tonic immobility (TI) is a possible reaction to danger that is fa-cilitated by intense fear, physical restraint and perceived inability to escape. Other variables that could affect TI, such as the type and characteristics of traumatic events and personal characteristics have been little or no studied. The present study evaluated the power of these...
Conference Paper
Aim: Cognitive models have contributed significantly to the understanding of depression and its psychological treatment. However, success is only partial and many authors claim the need to improve those models of psychopathology and psychotherapy. Our research group has been working on the notion of cognitive conflict viewed as personal dilemmas ac...
Conference Paper
Feixas, G., Bados, A., Garcia-Grau, E., Paz, C., Montesano, A., Compañ, V., Soriano, J., Cañete, J., Medeiros, L. y otros. (2015, Junio). Eficàcia d’una intervenció cognitiva centrada en dilemes per a la depressió. Comunicació presentada a la Jornada de Cloenda dels Curs 2014-2015 de la Societat Catalana de Psiquiatria i Salut Mental, Barcelona.
Poster
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This poster reported results on potential predictors of the long-term QOL in patients diagnosed with BPD from a 10-year follow-up study in a Spanish sample
Article
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The Tonic Immobility Scale has been only studied in abuse and/or sexual assault survivors, but tonic immobility (TI) also occurs after other types of traumatic events. Consequently, we modified the scale for this purpose and studied its factor structure, internal consistency, and convergent, divergent and discriminant validity in 392 university stu...
Conference Paper
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La adquisición de habilidades terapéuticas es esencial en la formación de los psicólogos clínicos y de otros profesionales de la salud (Bados y García-Grau, 2011; Cunico, Sartori, Marongnolli y Meneghini, 2012). Consideramos que una buena manera de adquirir y potenciar habilidades clínicas es a través de la práctica dirigida en situaciones reales d...
Article
The aim of this work was to study the influence of a history of traumatic events, their type and characteristics, and personal factors on current posttraumatic symptomatology, depression, anxiety and stress among college students of Psychology. Four hundred thirty-two college students completed a questionnaire of traumatic events and scales of depr...
Article
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Background Depression is one of the more severe and serious health problems because of its morbidity, disabling effects and for its societal and economic burden. Despite the variety of existing pharmacological and psychological treatments, most of the cases evolve with only partial remission, relapse and recurrence. Cognitive models have contribute...
Article
Introduction: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous condition, which can be expressed as various symptom dimensions, including contamination/cleaning and symmetry/ordering. Previous research suggests that these obsessive-compulsive (OC) dimensions may show specific associations with certain traits such as disgust sensitivity and "...
Article
The aim of this paper was to study, separately and jointly, the adequacy of the A1 and A2 criteria of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as proposed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR). Four hundred thirty-two college students answered a questionnaire of traumatic events and a PTSD symptom scale. When comparin...
Article
The case of a family of four members is presented. Starting from a stroke suffered by the mother three years ago, there was a change of roles and the emergence of family conflicts. After assessment, the family agreed that the problems were not just something of the mother, but involved a dysfunctional family dynamics. The therapy was applied over 2...
Article
A case of a 36-year-old woman who asked help by the presence of panic attacks is reported. After assessment, it was considered that the main problem was the presence of excessive and persistent anxiety and worries. Forty-three sessions of cognitive-behavioral treatment were conducted, two with her husband. Panic attacks were addressed with psychoed...
Article
We report a case of a 27-year-old woman with panic attacks which began one and a half year before coming to therapy and worsened in the prior month of consultation. After four assessment sessions and an interview with a friend, a diagnosis of social anxiety disorder was made. Panic attacks were triggered by social situations and the patient was afr...
Article
The aim of this study was to analyze in college students the occurrence of different traumatic events, as well as the conditional risk and current prevalence of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Four hundred and thirty two college students completed a questionnaire concerning traumatic experiences, as well as a scale of PTSD. Of the sa...
Article
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La satisfacción de consumidores y usuarios con los productos y servicios es un tema que en los últimos años ha ido adquiriendo cada vez más importancia hasta alcanzar también el campo de la psicoterapia. En este trabajo se presenta la adaptación al español de la Escala de Satisfacción con el Tratamiento Recibido (CRES-4). Tiene cuatro ítems y fue c...
Article
The aim of this study was to analyze in college students the oc-currence of different traumatic events, as well as the conditional risk and current prevalence of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Four hundred and thirty two college students completed a question-naire concerning traumatic experiences, as well as a scale of PTSD. Of the...
Article
Full-text available
The satisfaction of consumers and users with the products and services is an issue that in recent years has been taking more and more importance and now it even reaches psychotherapy. This paper presents the Spanish adaptation of the Consumer Reports Effectiveness Scale (CRES-4) consisting of four items designed to evaluate whether patients are sat...
Article
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Nuestro comportamiento se ve influido por estímulos o variables contextuales que ocurren antes del mismo y también por las consecuencias que tiene. Por lo que respecta a las primeras, es más probable, por ejemplo, que hagamos un informe de determinada manera si recibimos instruc-ciones de cómo hacerlo, que nos pongamos el tipo de ropa que vemos en...
Article
To clarify what is actually measured by the trait version of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI; Spielberger, Gorsuch, & Lushene, 1970), we conducted a confirmatory factor analysis of various models and evaluated convergent and discriminant validity. The best fit was obtained with both a bifactor model, comprising 2 specific factors plus a gen...
Article
To analyze the dimensionality of three versions of the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) in adolescent girls. The sample comprised 738 participants. The Spanish adaptation of the EDI-2 was used. The EDI-2 contains the 64 items of EDI and has the same items as EDI-3. The dimensional structures hypothesized by Garner for the three EDI versions were ass...
Article
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To study the internal structure and the convergent and divergent validity of the Multicultural Quality of Life Index (MQLI) in a Spanish sample. The MQLI, along with another quality of life instrument--the World Health Organization Quality of Life, brief version (WHOQOL-BREF)--and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21), was administere...
Article
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heterogeneous condition, which can be expressed as various potentially overlapping symptom dimensions. In clinical samples, some of these dimensions are associated with increased familial risk for OCD and appear to be familial (intercorrelated within pairs of affected family members), whereas others are not....
Article
A study was carried out on the effects of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) on patients' subjective perception of quality of life. The study involved comparing a group with GAD, a group with subthreshold GAD (and no comorbidity) and a group without disorders. The GAD group and the subthreshold GAD group showed a lower quality of life in different...
Article
Full-text available
El trabajo presenta la Unidad de Terapia de Conducta (UTC) de la Universidad de Barcelona. La UTC nació en 1985 con la voluntad de formar a los psicólogos recién licenciados en la práctica profesional desde el modelo cognitivoconductual y crear un Servicio Clínico en la Facultad de Psicología que permitiera una mejora de la calidad de las actividad...
Chapter
Purpose the objectives of the study were: a) to replicate studies performed with the Adolescent Coping Scale (ACS; Frydenberg and Lewis, 1997) which evaluate the coping strategies used by adolescents in relation to sex and age; b) to select the items from the ACS that measure coping - not simply reactions to problems - in order to study the differe...
Article
Full-text available
Tonic immobility is a basic defense strategy which has not been studied in depth in humans. Data suggest that it may be a relatively frequent phenomenon in victims of rape and sexual abuse, but its occurrence has not been systematically explored in other types of trauma. We carried out a retrospective study in a sample of 100 university students to...
Article
One persistent hypothesis in the literature is that heightened levels of early separation anxiety are a specific risk factor for developing panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia). In the review carried out by Silove, Manicavasagar, Curtis, & Blaszczynski (1996) these authors concluded that both phenomena were associated, but whether this asso...
Article
One persistent hypothesis in the literature is that heightened levels of early separation anxiety are a specific risk factor for developing panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia). In the review carried out by Silove, Manicavasagar, Curtis, & Blaszczynski (1996) these authors concluded that both phenomena were associated, but whether this asso...
Article
This study aims to assess the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural therapy applied by trainee therapists in patients with anxiety disorders seen in a private university service and to examine whether this effectiveness is comparable to that observed in controlled studies. We compared the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural therapy at a private...
Article
Treatment drop-out is a common problem in the everyday practice of psychotherapy. In the cognitive-behavioral psychology literature, there are scant data on drop-out from therapy and the data available vary widely according to the definition of drop-out and the intensity of treatment. This study presents results obtained in the Behavioural Therapy...
Article
The main goal of this study was to analyse the relationship between coping styles and the predisposition to eating disorders in a sample of adolescent boys. The sample comprised 171 males (mean age 15.74 years) and the questionnaires used were the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2) and the Adolescent Coping Scale (ACS). The results indicated that...
Article
Clinical significance is essential to evaluate the efficacy of a psychological intervention, but only 48% of studies about treatment of social phobia provide data on the matter. In addition, the improvement and recovery criteria used are heterogeneous and in many articles important information is omitted, which makes it difficult to draw conclusion...
Article
The main goal of this work was to explore the relationship between coping styles and predisposition to eating disorders in a sample of adolescent girls. The sample comprised 186 females (mean age 15.91 years) and the questionnaires used were the Eating Disorders Inventory-2 (EDI-2) and the Adolescent Coping Scale (ACS). The regression analyses indi...

Citations

... There is a specific version of the CORE-OM for young people, the Young Person's-Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation (YP-CORE; Twigg et al., 2010), which includes 10 items. At the onset of this study, there was no Spanish version available (Feixas et al., 2018). ...
... A staff member of the Universitat de Barcelona not involved in the trial and blinded to treatment conditions, performed randomization (1:1 for CBT:PCT) by computergenerated allocation permuted block sequence. We included stratification by the public health service (two mental health centers and eight primary care centers) from which we recruited participants and delivered treatment (Paz et al., 2020). The clinical trial was registered in Clinicaltrials.gov ...
... Studies addressing coping and employment among adults mainly focus on coping strategy as a moderator of the effect of adverse employment situation and health outcomes [21][22][23], but some studies have shown prospective associations between coping strategy and risk of sickness absence from work [24,25], Studies among adolescents are often conducted in relation to specific medical conditions or major life events and not on everyday hassles [26][27][28]. Only a few studies have investigated everyday hassles [17,[29][30][31]. Some of these have shown that girls and boys make use of different coping strategies in adolescence [29][30][31]. ...
... The ultimate goal is to promote awareness of such personal dilemmas and to help patients find a way of resolving them (Montesano, Gonçalves, et al., 2017). This approach constitutes an alternative to problem-oriented strategies and offers an identity-focused, ambivalence-sensitive, intervention procedure (Feixas et al., 2018). Empirical studies have suggested that implicative dilemmas are common among different diagnoses (Montesano et al., 2015), although it may appear slightly more in depressed patients (Feixas et al., 2014). ...
... The students rated how often over the last week they had felt in the way described by each item, by using a 5-point scale that ranges from 1 ("not at all") to 5 ("most or all of the time"). The psychometric properties of the YP-CORE have been investigated in clinical as well as in nonclinical samples [e.g., (67,68)] and there is evidence of its good psychometric properties in different countries [e.g., (69,70)], as well as in the Italian context (71). The alpha coefficient for the current study was 0.74 at T1 and 0.84 at T2. ...
... The PCT therapy protocol will be based on the case conceptualization as described by Winter and Procter [34] and on a series of texts describing the applied form of PCT [16,25,33] as well as on previous literature on PCT for adult depressive patients [35]. These include detailed objectives and tasks for each session that are summarized here. ...
... However, outcomes prioritised by service users such as personal achievements, employment, and social connections were reported much less [263], and the possibility of iatrogenic harm was also rarely examined. Interventions addressing social needs are especially important in the light of findings of longitudinal studies showing that while symptoms and suicidal behaviour tend to improve with time, this is less the case for psychosocial functioning including rate of employment [268,269]. Implementation studies examining how to embed successful interventions in real-world settings were also largely absent. ...
... The original CORE-OM in English shows adequate psychometric properties (Evans et al., 2002). Its translation into Spanish has shown psychometric properties similar to those of the original questionnaire in English (Trujillo et al., 2016). In 2020, a study was conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties of the CORE-OM in a non-clinical population in Ecuador (Paz et al., 2020); it was found that they were similar to those reported by Evans et al. (2002) and Trujillo et al. (2016). ...
... gender, age when the worst traumatic event was first experienced, age when exposed to the first traumatic event, and subjective perception of how traumatic the worst event was). To date, no study has investigated this issue, despite the fact that several of these variables have been associated with the presence of current post-traumatic symptoms (Amir & Sol, 1999;Bados, Greco, & Toribio, 2013;Bedard-Gilligan & Zoellner, 2008;Bernat, Ronfeldt, Calhoun, & Arias, 1998;Frazier et al., 2009;Green et al., 2000;Irish et al., 2008;Martín & de Paúl, 2004;Owens & Chard, 2006) and that these symptoms are likewise related to a person having previously reacted with TI during a traumatic event (Bovin et al., 2008;Humphreys et al., 2010;RochaRego et al., 2009). ...
... Por otra parte, la mayoría de estas investigaciones han estudiado personas con sobrepeso u obesidad, que presentan alteraciones emocionales y/o un trastorno de conducta alimentaria (TCA) (Cotter & Kelly, 2018;Klatzkin et al., 2018;Mas et al., 2015;Silva, 2008), esto limita poder entender la forma en que estas personas procesan los estímulos asociados a la ingesta alimentaria. Asimismo, a esto se le suma que, en estas investigaciones no se controla el efecto de otras variables personales que, podrían llevar a una persona a comer más y aumentar su peso (Nederkoorn, et al., 2012;Nederkoorn et al., 2015). ...