Arber Tasimi's research while affiliated with Emory University and other places

Publications (20)

Article
Ownership and value go together, and understanding both is imperative for children to know how to act in socially appropriate and advantageous ways. This paper reviews how children come to think about ownership and value. We first review how children consider history, labor, and control when inferring whether objects are owned and to whom they belo...
Article
In Ballantyne’s (in press) review on the philosophy and psychology of intellectual humility (IH), he observes that it is not possible to ascertain whether IH is ‘good’ for people. In our commentary, we describe a way to tackle this ambiguity by advancing and testing an IH-health hypothesis. We first describe the humility-health hypothesis and the w...
Article
Full-text available
The rigidity-of-the-right hypothesis (RRH), which posits that cognitive, motivational, and ideological rigidity resonate with political conservatism, is an influential but controversial psychological account of political ideology. Here, we leverage several methodological and theoretical sources of this controversy to conduct an extensive quantitati...
Preprint
Full-text available
The rigidity-of-the-right hypothesis (RRH), which posits that cognitive, motivational, and ideological rigidity resonate with political conservatism, is an influential but controversial psychological account of political ideology. Here, we leverage several methodological and theoretical sources of this controversy to conduct an extensive quantitati...
Article
We addressed key questions regarding the relations between intellectual humility (IH) and endorsing/believing misinformation by (1) understanding what aspects of IH best predict endorsing/believing misinformation, (2) examining whether IH is related to endorsing/believing multiple manifestations of misinformation (pseudoscience, conspiracy theories...
Preprint
Full-text available
Misinformation is widespread and consequential. Thus, identifying psychological characteristics that might mitigate misinformation susceptibility represents a timely and pragmatically important issue. One construct that may be particularly relevant to misinformation susceptibility is intellectual humility (IH). As such, we examined whether IH is re...
Article
Authoritarianism has been the subject of scientific inquiry for nearly a century, yet the vast majority of authoritarianism research has focused on right-wing authoritarianism. In the present studies, we investigate the nature, structure, and nomological network of left-wing authoritarianism (LWA), a construct famously known as “the Loch Ness Monst...
Article
Money can take many forms—a coin or a bill, a payment for an automobile or a prize for an award, a piece from the 1989 series or the 2019 series, and so on—but despite this, money is designed to represent an amount and only that. Thus, a dollar is a dollar, in the sense that money is fungible. But when adults ordinarily think about money, they thin...
Preprint
Cognitive scientists have ramped up online testing in response to the coronavirus pandemic. Although research conducted online solves the problem of data collection, a lack of internet access among low-income and minority communities may reduce the diversity of study samples and, thus, impact the generalizability of scientific findings.
Article
Cognitive scientists have ramped up online testing in response to the coronavirus pandemic. Although research conducted online solves the problem of data collection, a lack of internet access among low-income and minority communities may reduce the diversity of study samples and, thus, impact the generalizability of scientific findings.
Article
Understanding what infants know about social life is a growing enterprise. Indeed, one of the most exciting developments within psychological science over the past decade is the view that infants may come equipped with knowledge about “good” and “bad” and about “us” and “them.” At the heart of this view is a seminal set of studies indicating that i...
Article
Money is generally seen as good, but what about when it is morally tainted? Does this affect whether people want money or how they would spend it? In this article, we review a nascent literature on “dirty money” and then organize these findings using a framework that formalizes the idea that dirty money creates a valuation conflict because it is bo...
Article
This study assessed children's preference, giving, and memory to investigate the impact of social information over time. We compared 5‐ and 6‐year‐olds’ (N = 144) immediate or delayed responses to an individual who does or does not share their toy preference (similar vs. dissimilar) or an individual who treats others kindly or poorly (nice vs. mean...
Article
When children’s self-interests are at odds with their moral considerations, what do they do? In the current study of 5- and 6-year-olds (N = 160), we asked (a) whether children would select the offering of a do-gooder over a neutral individual at a personal cost, (b) whether they would reject the offering of a wrongdoer over a neutral individual at...
Article
Although traditional economic models posit that money is fungible, psychological research abounds with examples that deviate from this assumption. Across eight experiments, we provide evidence that people construe physical currency as carrying traces of its moral history. In Experiments 1 and 2, people report being less likely to want money with ne...
Article
Full-text available
Generic statements (e.g., “Birds lay eggs”) express generalizations about categories. Current theories suggest that people should be especially inclined to accept generics that involve threatening information. However, previous tests of this claim have focused on generics about non-human categories, which raises the question of whether this effect...
Article
How unappealing are individuals who behave badly towards others? We show here that children and even infants, although motivated by material rewards, are nonetheless willing to incur costs to avoid "doing business" with a wrongdoer. When given the choice to accept a smaller offering from a do-gooder or a larger offering from a wrongdoer, children a...
Article
Does considering one's past prosociality affect future behavior? Prior research has revealed instances in which adults engage in additional prosocial behavior-moral reinforcement-as well as instances in which adults engage in worse behavior-moral licensing. The current study examined the developmental origins of these effects by testing whether 6-...
Article
Full-text available
Generosity is greatly valued and admired, but can it sometimes be unappealing? The current study investigated 8- to 10-year-old children's (N = 128) preference for generous individuals, and the effects of social comparison on their preferences. In Experiment 1, children showed a strong preference for a generous to a stingy child; however, this pref...
Article
Although children's initial perceptions and judgments about sociomoral situations are being actively explored, little is known about what children remember about them. In four experiments testing over 400 children, we investigated children's memories for small acts of giving and taking. When asked to recall their own giving and taking, children wer...

Citations

... Humility thus involves (1, mengurangi narsisme dan meningkatkan self-esteem (Bak & Kutnik, 2021) dan mampu memahami titik buta atau kelemahan sesuatu yang diyakini (Church et al., 2018). Kemudian, mereka cenderung tidak meremehkan atau melebih-lebihkan keyakinan diri (Dunnington, 2018)there is broad agreement that intellectual humility will bear on the higher-order epistemic attitudes one takes towards one's beliefs (and other doxastic attitudes, tidak memiliki pandangan sumbu pendek khususnya berperilaku agresif atau destruktif (Tongeren et al., 2016) dan terhindar dari kerentanan terhadap informasi yang salah atau fake news (Bowes & Tasimi, 2022). Ini karena kecerdasan rendah hati memiliki ciri terbuka terhadap perolehan informasi baru, misalnya seperti berpikir reflektif, keterbukaan pikiran, ketertarikan dalam belajar hal baru dan kolaboratif sehingga mampu terbuka terhadap perbedaan khususnya ranah agama (Haggard et al., 2018;Krumrei-mancuso et al., 2019). ...
... For non-political beliefs, however, our results were less clear-cut. Conservatives tended to be much higher on domain-general dogmatism than liberals, suggesting that conservatives are either psychologically disposed toward dogmatism (Altemeyer, 2002;Crowson, 2009;Duckitt, 2009) or are motivated to describe and understand themselves as dogmatic (see Costello, Bowes, Baldwin, et al., 2021). Still, (a) these left-right asymmetries appeared to be largely or entirely driven by variation in social conservatism (see Malka & Soto, 2015) and (b) domain-general dogmatism increased at the extreme left. ...
... Kitchin 2020), we are of the opinion that the discipline's engagement with this particular issue remains underwhelming. Even though we are aware of the many ongoing academic debates surrounding the concept of authoritarianism (see Costello et al. 2022, for a detailed overview), throughout this paper, we define it as 'the belief that people must obey completely and not be allowed freedom to act as they wish' (Cambridge Dictionary 2022). Our contribution aims to call attention to the emerging literature critiquing the authoritarian excesses of the COVID-19 pandemic response. ...
... Whether the amount was big or small or likely to get them into trouble or not, participants consistently preferred nonstolen over stolen money, even when nonstolen money was offered by someone who stole an equivalent, but different, sum of money. Similar effects have also been reported in children (Tasimi & Gelman 2021), suggesting that from an early age, a dollar is not just a dollar. ...
... Further, this approach allowed us to eliminate geographical barriers and to reach participants from multiple sites across the United Kingdom. This is a promising step toward a more diversified sample of participants, although requiring an internet connection may limit the demographics of those who may be involved (Lourenco & Tasimi, 2020). As a more specific advantage, the current testing software enabled the experimenter to have full control over what participants saw on their screen and, in turn, required a minimal setup for participants compared with other video conferencing platforms. ...
... Between 21 and 42 million Americans lack broadband internet (BroadbandNow Research, 2021;Federal Communications Commission, 2018), and 55% have serious data plan limitations (Statista, 2020). This digital divide is felt disproportionately by families making under $30,000 per year and for POC compared to non-Latinx White individuals -even after accounting for income (Lourenco & Tasimi, 2020). By not taking technical access into account, current evaluation frameworks do not promote an increase in the number of people with the opportunity to use mental health apps (i.e., equity). ...
... Babies are born with a moral core already imbued with moral content (i.e., the core is innate and modular; Hamlin, 2015), but the core is only visible through structured experiments (Carpendale, Hammond, & Atwood, 2013). In contrast, attachment develops through infant-caregiver relationships and is evident in how infants feel, think, and act (i.e., attachment is learned and involves multiple forms of knowledge; see also Tasimi, 2020). ...
... Indeed, when it comes to money, people cannot help but think about its moral history (e.g., Bandelj et al. 2017, Shipton 1989, Tasimi & Gross 2020, Zelizer 1994. Just as a sweater worn by Hitler is thought to carry his essence (e.g., Rozin et al. 1986), people similarly consider money to carry traces of its moral history. ...
... The perception of an individual's warmth and competence may impact our subsequent behavior toward that individual, even in childhood (Fiske et al., 2002;Tasimi & Johnson, 2019). Past work has shown that by age 5, children can make judgments of other people on the dimensions of competence and warmth (Roussos Dunham, 2016), and children across cultures exhibit clear behavioral preferences toward others based on their perceptions of these individuals (Chen et al., 2013(Chen et al., , 2018. ...
... Further, and with regard to a limit of our study, we restricted our evaluation of privacy nudges to an ethical perspective. Regarding the concept of children and adolescents as not yet fully autonomous individuals, broader findings from developmental psychology research, particularly those that focus on the process of decision making of children and adolescents (e.g., Lundberg, Romich, & Kwok Ping, 2007;Schlottmann & Wilkening, 2012;Tasimi, Johnson, & Wynn, 2017), may provide additional insights. One may, for instance, weigh the value of children's well-being against potential benefits and learning experiences when making mistakes and experiencing negative consequences from their actions or decisions. ...