Any Setyawati's scientific contributions

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Introduction: Discoloration can be caused by intrinsic or extrinsic factors. One of the discoloration treatments is teeth whitening. Teeth whitening process usually uses chemicals such as hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide which can cause side effects, namely gingival irritation. Previous research has found that malic acid in strawberries can...


... The return of the back to nature trend has caused people to become increasingly aware of the importance of using natural ingredients for health [13]. Based on research conducted by Nur and Setyawati (2020) showed that the malic acid in red watermelon can whiten the color of teeth [14]. The malic acid contained in red watermelon is 99%, higher than that of apples (95%) and cherries (94%). ...