Anne Ardila Brenøe's research while affiliated with University of Zurich and other places

Publications (22)

Article
Full-text available
I examine how one central aspect of the family environment—sibling sex composition—affects women’s gender conformity. Using Danish administrative data, I causally estimate the effect of having a second-born brother relative to a sister for first-born women. I show that women with a brother acquire more traditional gender roles as measured through t...
Article
Full-text available
Does growing up with a sister rather than a brother affect personality? In this article, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the effects of siblings’ gender on adults’ personality, using data from 85,887 people from 12 large representative surveys covering nine countries (United States, United Kingdom, The Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Aust...
Article
Full-text available
We study how parents transmit patience to their children with a focus on two theoretically important channels of socialization: parenting values and parental involvement. Using high-quality administrative and survey data, and a setting without reverse causality concerns, we document a substantial intergenerational transmission of patience. We show...
Article
Economic research on gender largely focuses on biological sex, the binary classification as either a “man” or “woman.” We investigate the value of incorporating a measure of continuous gender identity (CGI) into economics by exploring whether it explains variation in economic preferences and behavior beyond the explanatory power of binary sex. Firs...
Preprint
Does growing up with a sister rather than a brother affect personality? In this paper, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the effects of siblings’ gender on adults’ personality, using data from 85,887 people from 12 large representative surveys covering 9 countries (the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, A...
Article
Full-text available
Does growing up with a sister rather than a brother affect personality? In this paper, we provide a comprehensive analysis of the effects of siblings’ gender on adults’ personality, using data from 85,887 people from 12 large representative surveys covering 9 countries (the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, A...
Article
Most of the existing evidence on the effectiveness of family leave policies stems from research on the impact on the families concerned – mothers, fathers, and their offspring – rather than the effects and costs on employers or fellow workers. By contrast, this policy brief examines the consequences of a female worker giving birth and taking parent...
Article
I examine how one central aspect of the family environment—sibling sex composition—affects women’s gender conformity. Using Danish administrative data, I causally estimate the effect of having a second-born brother relative to a sister for first-born women. I show that women with a brother acquire more traditional gender roles, as measured through...
Article
Full-text available
Das von allen Professorinnen und Professoren des Department of Economics unterzeichnete Positionspapier fasst den gegenwärtigen Konsens der ökonomischen Debatte zusammen und zeigt Handlungsoptionen für die Schweiz auf.
Article
Most of the existing evidence on the effectiveness of family leave policies comes from studies focusing on their impacts on affected families - that is, mothers, fathers, and their children - without a clear understanding of the costs and effects on firms and coworkers. We use data from Denmark to evaluate the effect on firms and coworkers when a w...
Article
We study the intergenerational transmission of time preferences in a setting without reverse causality concerns. We find substantial transmission of patience from parents to children, which is insensitive to the inclusion of comprehensive sets of administratively reported controls and persists as children age. We further explore heterogeneity in th...
Article
I examine how one central aspect of the childhood family environment—sibling gender composition—affects women's gender conformity, measured through their choice of occupation and partner. Using Danish administrative data, I causally estimate the effect of having a second-born brother relative to a sister for first-born women. The results show that...
Article
This paper investigates how high school gender composition affects students’ participation in STEM college studies. Using Danish administrative data, we exploit idiosyncratic within-school variation in gender composition. We find that having a larger proportion of female peers reduces women’s probability of enrolling in and graduating from STEM pro...
Article
We examine birth order differences in health of newborns and follow the children throughout childhood using high-quality administrative data on individuals born in Denmark between 1981 and 2010. Family fixed effects models show a positive and robust effect of birth order on health at birth; firstborn children are less healthy at birth. During earli...
Article
We examine birth order differences in health of newborns and follow the children throughout childhood using high-quality administrative data on individuals born in Denmark between 1981 and 2010. Family fixed effects models show a positive and robust effect of birth order on health at birth; firstborn children are less healthy at birth. During earli...
Article
We examine the differential effects of family disadvantage on the education and adult labor market outcomes of men and women using high-quality administrative data on the entire population of Denmark born between 1966 and 1995. We link parental education and family structure during childhood to male-female and brother-sister differences in adolesce...

Citations

... 6 One can roughly separate this literature into two strands: First, the literature relating parenting styles to child development (e.g., (Agostinelli et al., 2020;Cobb-Clark et al., 2019;Cunha, 2015;). Second, the literature studying the role of parenting styles in the intergenerational transmission of traits (e.g., (Brenøe & Epper, 2022;Falk et al., 2021;Zumbuehl et al., 2021)). Further, Del Boca et al. (2019) propose a model in which parental types are not merely the outcome of utility maximization by the parents but the result of a bargaining process with the children. ...
... In contrast, the theory of sibling differentiation states that, because of sibling rivalry, siblings will differentiate themselves in the process of developing their identities (Bossard & Boll, 1956). The differentiation process may also be driven by parental behavior; for example, fathers might spend more time with their sons and mothers more time with their daughters in households with children of both genders (Brenøe, 2022). According to the sibling-differentiation theory, having a sister reduces feminine characteristics, whereas having a brother reduces masculine characteristics. ...
... Moreover, to the best of my knowledge, no previous sibling sex composition paper has examined the gender conformity of the choice of women's partner. 8 While the main analysis concerns the development of women's gender norms, Appendix B.5 of the working paper version of this paper (Brenøe 2021) briefly presents the results from a similar analysis for men. In line with the findings for women, the results suggest that having an opposite-sex sibling enhances men's gender conformity. ...
... She finds decreases in mothers' retention probability and in firms' survival rates. For Denmark, Brenøe et al. (2020) use Danish administrative data and examine the joint e↵ect of motherhood and the subsequent parental leave period on the mother's firm by combining a matching-and event-study-approach; their findings suggest that the costs of parental leave on firms are negligible. For the US, Bartel et al. (2021) survey small-and medium-sized firms to study the introduction of a paid parental leave policy in New York covering eight weeks of partial wage replacements. ...
... stand the behaviour of adults through the development of non-cognitive skills in childhood (e.g., Heckman and Rubinstein, 2001;Heckman et al., 2006). This has spurred a myriad of papers assessing the correlation between parents' and children's preferences (Dohmen et al., 2012;Kosse and Pfeiffer, 2012;Alan et al., 2017;Brenøe and Epper, 2019;Chowdhury et al., 2022;Cipriani et al., 2013;Sutter and Untertrifaller, 2020;Chowdhury et al., 2022). Factors that have been identified as affecting the formation and transmission of preferences include parenting styles and investments (Cunha and Heckman, 2010;Heckman and Mosso, 2014;Zumbuehl et al., 2020;Alan et al., 2017;Attanasio et al., 2020), breastfeeding as a proxy for the quality of early child environment (Falk and Kosse, 2016), exposure to a mentor (Kosse et al., 2020), language (Sutter et al., 2018), parental ambitions (Khadjavi and Nicklisch, 2018) and culture (Gneezy et al., 2009;Andersen et al., 2013;Falk et al., 2018). ...
... For example, Birth order and cognitive abilities are strongly correlated with each other. It has been shown that the first and only children perform better in reading and they had higher educational aspirations than latter-born children 19 . These results are true for higher-income families only. ...
... The under-representation of women in numeracy-intensive and highpaying STEM jobs is partly related to afore-mentioned gender stereotyped attitudes and beliefs about gender roles and gender skills which limit women's educational choices (Brenøe, 2018). At the time of searching for jobs at the labor market, women on average are already at a disadvantage for securing jobs that need intensive use of foundational skills such as numeracy. ...
... Heyder et al. (2019) found that teachers described their male students as being stronger in their maths ability and that students at the end of primary school seem to have internalized their teachers' gender bias. Brenøe and Zölitz (2020) state that having a larger proportion of female peers reduces women's probability of enrolling in and graduating from STEM programs. Raabe et al. (2019) argue that girls will only select STEM related subject in school if their peers are also doing those subjects. ...
... 20,21 Moreover, by adjusting for parity, we account for other unobserved factors that vary between siblings by birth order, such as smoking during pregnancy. 22,23 Methods ...
... In particular, we do find that for the mother-daughter dyad, involvement plays a role as previously found for risk preferences (Alan et al., 2017). Overall, same-gender parent-child dyads experience the strongest transmission-a finding that is consistent with prior research on gender-specific parenting and influences (Bonke and Esping-Andersen, 2009;Brenøe and Lundberg, 2018;Brenøe, 2021;Leaper et al., 1998;Noller and Callan, 1990). ...