Anja Lehmann's research while affiliated with Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin and other places

Publications (22)

Article
Full-text available
Background Impairments of social cognition are considered core features of schizophrenia and are established predictors of social functioning. However, affective aspects of social cognition including empathy have far less been studied than its cognitive dimensions. The role of empathy in the development of schizophrenia remains largely elusive. Me...
Article
Objective: To examine the impact of coercive interventions (CI) on patients’ evaluations of psychiatric hospitals as adversaries versus allies. Methods: Self-constructed interviews were conducted relating to quantitative and subjective aspects of coercion and the attitude towards psychiatry of 79 patients with psychotic and bipolar disorders. The C...
Article
Anliegen Präventionsstrategien und Präferenzen von Zwangsmaßnahmen (ZM) wurden aus der Sicht von psychiatrischen Patienten erfasst. Methode Teilstrukturierte Interviews mit 90 überwiegend zwangserfahrenen Patienten mit psychotischen Erkrankungen. Ergebnis und Diskussion Aus Patientensicht könnten ZM durch ein größeres Angebot an Einzeltherapien, Ve...
Article
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Under certain conditions, coercive interventions in psychotic patients can help to regain insight and alleviate symptoms, but can also traumatize subjects. This study explored attitudes towards psychiatric coercive interventions in healthy individuals and persons suffering from schizophrenia, schizoaffective or bipolar disorder. The impact of perso...
Article
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The nonapeptide oxytocin (OXT) and its receptor (OXTR) have been implicated in social cognition, empathy, emotion and stress regulation in humans. Previous studies reported associations between OXT and OXTR genetic polymorphisms and risk for disorders characterized by impaired socio-emotional functioning, such as schizophrenia and autism. Here we i...
Data
MANCOVA of 3 IRI scores in schizophrenia patients (SZ, n = 145) and healthy controls (HC, n = 145); factors: OXTR rs2254298 (GG vs. A carriers), gender and diagnosis, covariate: verbal IQ and educational years. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Alterations of theory of mind (ToM) and empathy were implicated in the formation of psychotic experiences, and deficits in psychosocial functioning of schizophrenia patients. Inspired by concepts of neurocognitive endophenotypes, the existence of a distinct, potentially neurobiologically based social-cognitive vulnerability marker for schizophrenia...
Article
To investigate the relation between subjective underchallenge at work and the degree of depressiveness and life satisfaction. A representative sample of the German general population of N = 1,178 (52.5% men; age: M = 40.4 years, SD = 11.3) was included in this study. Measurements contain Satisfaction with Life Scalè (SWLS) and the Patient Health Qu...
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Summary Background: The prevalence of psychological disorders in the general population presents a growing problem; almost one third of the adult population suffers from mental or behavioral disturbances. Only few research is available regarding the prevalence in graduate student populations. Objective: This study examined the psychological problem...
Article
Objectives: Paruresis is still a widely neglected form of social phobia. Data concerning the prevalence rates as well as possible sociodemographic risk factors or correlates are still missing. Nationally representative data on point prevalence of paruresis are presented herein. Methods: Following a random-route procedure, more than 2500 subjects in...
Article
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In schizophrenia, impairments of theory of mind (ToM) may be due to excessive ('overmentalizing') or defective ('undermentalizing') attribution of mental states. However, most ToM tests differentiate neither between 'overmentalizing' and 'undermentalizing' nor between cognitive and affective ToM in schizophrenia. This study aimed at differentiating...
Article
Professional psychosocial support of patients with cancer is an essential component of the entire process of medical care of these patients. But so far gender specific differences have only rarely been investigated. Yet some studies have suggested that there are differences between male and female patients regarding their psychological burden and t...
Article
Hintergrund und Fragestellung: Die professionelle psychoonkologische Unterstützung von Krebspatienten ist wichtiger Teil des gesamten medizinischen Versorgungsprozesses. Geschlechtspezifische Unterschiede sind bislang wenig untersucht, allerdings verweisen einige Studien auf Differenzen zwischen männlichen und weiblichen Patienten bezüglich der psy...
Article
Determine age and gender differences and interaction effects in domain-specific life satisfaction in the German population and examine to which degree depressive and anxiety symptoms are associated with life satisfaction in addition to sociodemographic variables, and which domains are affected. Representative survey of the German population conduct...
Article
Patient satisfaction and emotional support are crucial elements of cancer care. Little is known, however, about which areas of care are important from the patient's perspective and the roles emotional distress and support play in this context. Multicenter prospective study was conducted (n = 396 cancer patients; t1 = after admission to hospital, t2...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine optimal cutoff scores for the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) when used in evaluating cancer patients in acute care. A total of 689 cancer patients were assessed during their first days of in-patient treatment, using the structured clinical interview for DSM and the HADS. Statistical analysis was...
Article
Einführung: Durch die Einführung von Disease-Management-Programmen (DMP) und die Gründung von zertifizierten Brustzentren gewinnt die psychoonkologische Mitbehandlung von Brustkrebspatientinnen an Bedeutung. Das Ziel ist es, psychosoziale Konzepte in die onkologische Behandlung zu integrieren und damit eine ganzheitliche Patientenbetreuung zu förde...
Article
Purpose: The implementation of Disease Management Programs (DMP) and the establishment of centers for women with breast cancer has improved the psycho-oncological treatment of cancer patients. We report here on the experience with psycho-oncological support provided by the Breast Center of the University of Leipzig. Experiences and Results: 69 wome...
Article
The context of the WHO’s definition of health led to a widened understanding of the traditional health term as well as to a broadened spectrum of possible criteria for therapeutical success. Health-related quality of life, i.e. the patient’s subjective state of health, has since come explicitly into the focus of medicine. Health-related quality of...

Citations

... Disturbed social cognition does not only limit the possibilities of an adequate psychosocial functioning in schizophrenia, but it also can lead to (a) distorted interpretations of the emotions and intentions of others in non-psychotic populations, and (b) false attribution of these emotions and intentions in neutral social contexts, predisposing genetically vulnerable subjects to develop psychotic symptoms (Mier and Kirch, 2017). May 2022 | Volume 13 | Article 805795 Cavieres and López-Silva Social Perception: A Brief Proposal Over the last years, impairments in social cognition have been recognized as a core feature of schizophrenia (Green et al., 2015;Javed and Charles, 2018;Montag et al., 2020;D' Arma et al., 2021). Certainly, there are many processes involved in perceiving, interpreting, and generating responses to others intentions, dispositions, and behaviors; in this context, most described evidence point toward impairments in emotion perception, social perception, social knowledge, theory of mind, and attributional style (Ochsner, 2008;Haut et al., 2020;Montag et al., 2020). ...
... [41][42][43] De manière générale, un haut degré de justice procédurale serait associé à une plus faible perception de coercition [44] et une faible perception de coercition serait associée à une meilleure confi ance envers les services psychiatriques. [45] Il y a cependant lieu de conserver une distance critique à propos de la fonction même des espaces de justice en santé mentale, particulièrement en ce qui concerne les stratégies discursives qui contribueraient à naturaliser leur légitimité et leur fonction sociale. En effet, le manque d'accès aux services de santé mentale en temps opportun peut contribuer à la judiciarisation des personnes aux prises avec des problèmes de santé mentale. ...
... Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) describes the perceived well-being of individuals [1]. is can change over time (e.g., after treatment of disease). ...
... [13,14]. Post-coercion review sessions have been evaluated as an important intervention in the context of coercion by patients and professionals [15]. Precise guidelines or recommendations on the content or performance of post-coercion reviews have not been published, and they are rarely performed in clinical practice according to Needham and Sands [16]. ...
... The Impact of IPA on Treatment Before Discharge Concerning the impact of involuntary hospitalization on psychiatric inpatients, several authors encountered a correlation between the legal status of involuntarily admitted patients and the use of coercive treatments (Abderhalden et al., 2007;Ielmini et al., 2018;Raboch et al., 2010). There is a heated debate over the use of practices such as seclusion, restraint, and forced medication (Khatib et al., 2018;Maiese et al., 2019;Mielau et al., 2016;Stylianidis et al., 2018). care. ...
... 7,8 In particular, several studies showed that people diagnosed with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia have impairments in ToM, [9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16] as well as impairments related to empathic abilities. [17][18][19][20][21][22][23] In fact, this happens also in the case of people with schizotypal personality disorder or with psychotic predisposition. [24][25][26] The disruptions in ToM appear to be increased along the affective-psychotic spectrum, with attenuated symptoms in remitted patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. ...
... Hier erscheint es wesentlich, den Zugang zu professionellen Anlaufstellen zu erleichtern, vornehmlich durch umfangreichere Aufklärung über die bestehenden psychosozialen Beratungsangebote an den Hochschulen. Vor dem Hintergrund der seit Jahren steigenden Nachfrage nach psychosozialer Beratung [24], kommt dem Ausbau entsprechender Beratungsstellen zugleich eine entscheidende Bedeutung zu, um auch in Zukunft die professionelle Unterstützung von Studierenden gewährleisten zu können. ...
... Some studies suggest that gender differences are particularly evident in the incidence of affective or anxiety disorders [1]. Interestingly, a number of studies found more cancer-related impairments, poorer social resources and more limitations in activities of daily living in male patients (age and stage of disease being controlled for) but did not report differences in psychological health or psychosocial needs of male and female cancer patients [8][9][10]. A larger German study revealed that even though for most cancer types women reported more anxiety and depression than men, there were cancer types, namely colon cancer and cancers of the urinary tract (not considering prostate cancer), where men, if disease stage and/or related interaction effects were statistically controlled for, showed significantly higher distress than women [11]. ...
... Bei immerhin mindestens 30% der Patienten besteht (auch längerfristig) psychoonkologischer Betreuungsbedarf [22]. In der medizinischen Versorgung gibt es trotz einer insgesamt verbesserten Versorgungslage (z.B. infolge der onkologischen Zentrenbildung [24]) hinsichtlich der Sicherstellung von psychosozialen Betreuungsangeboten die Tendenz zur Unterversorgung, vor allem in der Nachsorge. Dies ist auf systemimmanente Schwachstellen zurückzuführen, wie etwa auf Probleme der Finanzierung und Vermittlung, oder auf Vorbehalte und Informationslücken auf Seiten der Patienten. ...
... Moreover some transcription factors may be also involved in OT expression in the brain (e.g., SIM1 in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN)) and therefore may be associated with social functioning (Hovey, et al. 2017). The selected SNPs have been previously reported to have an impact on social behavior [30] and other-oriented emotional and cognitive empathy [31][32][33][34][35]. Nevertheless, research in this field should be considered at the exploratory stage as the meta-analysis regarding selected SNPs of OXTR does not support the above-mentioned effects [36]. ...