Andrew L. Stewart's research while affiliated with Clark University and other places

Publications (25)

Article
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The present study was conducted to gain an insight to correlate homophobia with personality, social desirability, aggression and social dominance among male and female heterosexuals of urban and rural livelihood of Ambala. Homophobia is traditionally defined as "fear, disgust, anger, discomfort and aversion that individuals experience in dealing wi...
Article
Power and intergroup relations are complex, multilevel, and dynamic. Using Power Basis Theory, we explain our criteria for deciding whether theory or research addresses intergroup power dynamics: it must (a) address power and not authority or other topics, (b) involve attempted or real change regarding groups and power, or the prevention of change,...
Article
Although a notable minority orient to real‐world demonstrations by actively participating, other less involved, safer, orientations are more frequent. Thus, in the context of anti‐government demonstrations in Gezi Park/Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, in 2013, we distinguished between the orientations of participating, visiting, and watching. Stu...
Article
Martin Luther King Jr. advocated for psychologists to educate White Americans about the reality of racism and racist violence in the United States in order to enlist White Americans to protest in support of the Civil Rights Movement. While most research on collective action focuses on in‐group identity, recent research suggests that social dominanc...
Article
In this introduction to the special issue, we examine the rift between psychological scholarship on race and racism in the academy and the critical theories embraced by activists and other social sciences. While Martin Luther King Jr. (MLK) called on psychologists to “tell it like it is” by illuminating the reality of oppression and racism in its m...
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Parental autonomy support has been related to positive adolescent outcomes, however, its relation to outcomes in collectivist cultural groups is unclear. This study examined relations of specific autonomy supportive behaviors and outcomes among 401 adolescents (Mage = 12.87) from the United States (N = 245) and collectivist-oriented Ghana (N = 156)...
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By happenstance, we found ourselves in Istanbul, Turkey in early June 2013 only days after a mass anti-government protest developed in and around Gezi Park. In addition to informal discussions and interviews with academics and others, we visited the protest site and traveled throughout Istanbul to directly experience the atmosphere and events. We a...
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Social dominance orientation (SDO) is an individual's preference for group-based inequality and dominance versus equality and inclusion. SDO has multiple origins, including status, gender, socialization, and temperament and personality. SDO is a strong predictor of intergroup ideologies and behaviors, making it indispensable for studying intergroup...
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A new conceptualization and measurement of social dominance orientation—individual differences in the preference for group based hierarchy and inequality—is introduced. In contrast to previous measures of social dominance orientation that were designed to be unidimensional, the new measure (SDO7) embeds two theoretically-grounded subdimensions of S...
Article
The present dissertation examines ways to study social change using social dominance theory in the context of gender relations. The first paper outlines a theoretical reconceptualization of social change that focuses on the dynamics of intergroup behavior and power. The remaining papers in this dissertation demonstrate how to conduct social change...
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Inspired by the popular Arab protests against oppressive regimes that began in 2010, people around the world protested in sympathy with the Arab peoples. The present research draws on two major theories of intergroup relations to develop an initial integrative model of sympathetic collective action. We incorporate social dominance theory’s (SDT...
Article
The current study presents the Men's Project, a sexual assault prevention program that targets college men. The Men's Project integrates social norms, empathy, and bystander education programs into one program for college men. Male student leaders were recruited to participate in the 11-week program for 2 hours each week. The beginning of the progr...
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Social dominance theory was developed to account for why societies producing surplus take and maintain the form of group-based dominance hierarchies, in which at least one socially-constructed group has more power than another, and in which men are more powerful than women and adults more powerful than children. Although the theory has always allow...
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Arab nations are decades behind many other previously colonized nations in developing stronger economies, more democratic institutions, and more autonomy and self-government, in part as a result of external interference. The year 2011 brought the potential for greater Arab autonomy through popular uprisings against autocratic governments in Tunisia...
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We tested the internal reliability and predictive validity of a new 4-item Short Social Dominance Orientation (SSDO) scale among adults in 20 countries, using 15 languages (N = 2,130). Low scores indicate preferring group inclusion and equality to dominance. As expected, cross-nationally, the lower people were on SSDO, the more they endorsed more w...
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The current study examined relationship power in the context of the investment model of relationship commitment (Rusbult, 1980). It was hypothesized that satisfaction with, quality of alternatives to, and investment in the relationship would mediate the relationship between power and commitment in 120 dating couples. Data were analyzed using mediat...
Article
Full-text available
Two psychological reasons that powerful groups are socially privileged are (1) powerful groups are culturally and mentally normalized, which disguises their privilege as “normal” while highlighting inferiority and stereotypes about other groups, and (2) affiliating with own‐groups and promoting their power are more psychologically compatible for do...
Chapter
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Social dominance theory is a multi-level theory of how societies maintain group-based dominance. Nearly all stable societies can be considered group-based dominance hierarchies, in which one social group – often an ethnic, religious, national, or racial one – holds disproportionate power and enjoys special privileges, and at least one other group h...

Citations

... Collective victimization, power, and resistance are closely linked ( Figure 1). Victimization that occurs through violence involves "avoidable insults to basic human needs, and generally to life, lowering the real level of need satisfaction below what is potentially possible" [7, p. 292], while power entails the ability to meet needs [8,9]. Thus, collective victimization is destructive power exercised over otherswhich, as Foucault and others have argued, always elicits resistance [3,8,10,11]. ...
... A socially shared experience can support processes that enable coaction with like-minded others (Radomskaya & Pearce, 2021;Stewart et al., 2019). A coaction effect is a phenomenon whereby task performance can increase as a result of the presence of others (social facilitation, see Harkins, 1987). ...
... If all three of these necessary conditions are met, then collective action will be predicted to occur at the individual level. Identification with the group has been generalized to also account for the actions of ally-activism, or individuals who take up a cause even if they are not directly being affected by it (i.e., are not a target of the activism) (Stewart & Tran, 2018). In cases of ally activism, individual differences of personality, rejection of racist beliefs, and anger at inequity between racial groups showed important predictive qualities to engaging in collective action. ...
... At times, psychologists have articulated the importance of bridging the researcher-activist divide (Fine, 2006;Stewart & Sweetman, 2018) in order to build a psychology that is informed with critical perspectives and activism outside of the academy. Any exercise of praxis should be in dialogue with marginalized communities affected by injustice to understand the impact of efforts being made toward change (Barad, 2007;Langhout, 2016). ...
... Specifically, in interdependent cultural contexts such as China, due to values on interdependence and obedience and the fact that group harmony and cohesion are highly emphasized, psychologically controlling parenting is more common and appears to be less harmful than in independent-oriented Western cultures (Fung and Lau, 2012;Liga et al., 2017). Further, parental autonomy support has been found to be less beneficial to adolescent development in interdependent cultures compared to individualistic cultural groups (Marbell-Pierre et al., 2019). However, there has been debate over the effects of psychological control and autonomy support in the Chinese cultural context. ...
... A personal psychological orientation, called SDO, assesses people's willingness to support hierarchical asymmetrical power relationships. Overall, the higher people are in SDO, the more they have a worldview in which dominant and subordinate groups deserve their respective positions in social hierarchies, and anti-egalitarian policies are correct (Aiello et al., 2019;Ho et al., 2015;Pratto et al., 2006). People higher in SDO overtly support hierarchy-enhancing legitimizing myths -sets of culturally-grounded rationales for the social practices and policies that tend to support and promote group inequality (e.g., karma, the Protestant Work Ethic, meritocracy, racism, as appropriate to the cultural setting). ...
... Trained psychologists and other experts could conduct activity-based sessions on nurturing sensitivity towards victims. Stewart (2014) designed and implemented one such intervention that showed reduced sexism, RMA, and the use of gender-biased language. Huppin and Malamuth (2020) used a self-affirmation intervention for high-RMA women and found it helpful. ...
... 118–155), policies resoundingly resented by Arabs (Pew Global Attitudes Project, 2011; Zogby & Zogby, 2010). However, surveys in 14 nations shortly after the beginning of the Arab uprisings in 2011 showed that many participants rejected these ideologies of Arabs as incompetent (Pratto, Saguy, et al., 2014). Rejecting these ideologies appears to legitimize support for an independent Palestinian state and for the popular Arab uprisings to succeed, and was especially the view of people low on social dominance orientation. ...
... Social Dominance Orientation. SDO was assessed using 8 items from the dominance sub-dimension of the SDO-7 scale [24], which relates most strongly to the types of aggressive attitudes we were interested in exploring in this work. Responses were given on Likert scales anchored at 1 ('Strongly Disagree') and 7 ('Strongly Agree'). ...
... Research has shown that people with higher SDO are more likely to support profit-maximizing financial institutions (Pratto et al., 2013), strict immigration and citizenship policies (Pelletier-Dumas et al., 2017), conservative politics and ideologies that justify, maintain, and enhance inequality, and oppose hierarchy-attenuating policies such as affirmative action, progressive tax systems, and welfare programs (Ho et al., 2015;Pratto et al., 2006;Sidanius et al., 2017). SDO is also related to justice and fairness decisions. ...