Andrew Bell's scientific contributions

Publications (2)

Conference Paper
Full-text available
Design thinking and agile thinking are approaches that have great value in product innovation management. While they may be widely discussed in practice, it is unclear to what extent they are understood and how they are applied. To answer these questions, qualitative research was conducted with design engineers involved in product innovation. Inter...


... This process is often facilitated through the utilization of prototype tools such as sketches, physical models, and digital models, contributing to the construction of cognitive objects. These prototype tools not only facilitate the transition from abstraction to concretization, but also support the establishment of consensus with other stakeholders, such as team collaborators (Beltagui et al., 2023). Designers typically externalize their internal ideas using conventional means, including traditional sketches, to acquire 4 visual feedback and progressively refine their concepts until a design concept takes shape. ...