Amjad Rehman's research while affiliated with Al-Yamamah University and other places

Publications (299)

Article
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In wireless multimedia networks, the Internet of Things (IoT) and visual sensors are used to interpret and exchange vast data in the form of images. The digital images are subsequently delivered to cloud systems via a sink node, where they are interacted with by smart communication systems using physical devices. Visual sensors are becoming a more...
Article
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The development of the Internet of Things (IoT) network has greatly benefited from the expansion of sensing technologies. These networks interconnect with wireless systems and collaborate with other devices using multi-hop communication. Besides data sensing, these devices also perform other operations such as compression, aggregation, and transmis...
Article
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In recent decades, networked smart devices and cutting-edge technology have been exploited in many applications for the improvement of agriculture. The deployment of smart sensors and intelligent farming techniques supports real-time information gathering for the agriculture sector and decreases the burden on farmers. Many solutions have been prese...
Article
The Internet of things (IoT) and wireless sensors have collaborated with many real-time environments for the collection and processing of physical data. Mobile networks with sixth-generation (6G) technologies provide support for emerging applications using connected and autonomous vehicles (CAV) and observe critical conditions. Although, autonomous...
Article
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Breast cancer is common among women all over the world. Early identification of breast cancer lowers death rates. However, it is difficult to determine whether these are cancerous or noncancerous lesions due to their inconsistencies in image appearance. Machine learning techniques are widely employed in imaging analysis as a diagnostic method for b...
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Software-defined networks (SDN) have gained a lot of attention in recent years as a technique to develop smart systems with a help of the Internet of Things (IoT). Its powerful and centralized architecture makes a balanced contribution to the management of sustainable applications through efficient processes. These networks also systematically keep...
Chapter
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Tuberculosis is a major health threat in many regions of the world. Opportunistic infections in immunocompromised HIV/AIDS patients and multi-drugresistant bacterial strains have exacerbated the problem, while diagnosing tuberculosis remains challenging. Medical images have made a high impact on medicine, diagnosis, and treatment. The most importan...
Chapter
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In recent development of machine learning (ML)-based medical image analysis that have contributed to the prediction, planning, and early diagnostic process. Different chronic hermitic diseases like blood cancer/leukemia, AIDs, malaria, anemia and even COVID-19, all these are diagnoses via analyzing leucocytes or white blood cells (WBCs). Leucocytes...
Article
Skin cancer occurrences increase exponentially worldwide due to the lack of awareness of significant populations and skin specialists. Medical imaging can help with early detection and more accurate diagnosis of skin cancer. The physicians usually follow the manual diagnosis method in their clinics but nonprofessional dermatologists sometimes affec...
Article
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Many countries are suffering from the COVID19 pandemic. The number of confirmed cases, recovered, and deaths are of concern to the countries having a high number of infected patients. Forecasting these parameters is a crucial way to control the spread of the disease and struggle with the pandemic. This study aimed at forecasting the number of cases...
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Soil salinity accumulates a high concentration of salts in soils that interfere with normal plant growth. Early detection and quantification of soil salinity are essential to effectively deal with soil salinity in agriculture. Soil salinity quantification and mapping at the irrigation scheme level are vital to evaluating saline soil's reclamation a...
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Wireless technology is offering numerous growth to develop communication systems. The Internet of Things (IoT) is combined with the sensing ecosystem to transfer and process the physical environment. Recently, IoT devices have collaborated with wireless devices to improve embedded medical applications. Many solutions are proposed to decrease the po...
Article
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In recent times, knee joint pains have become severe enough to make daily tasks difficult. Knee osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis and a leading cause of disability worldwide. The middle of the knee contains a vital portion, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). It is necessary to diagnose the ACL ruptured tears early to avoid surgery. The study...
Article
The Internet of Things (IoT) idea has been developed to enhance people's lives by delivering a diverse range of smart interconnected devices and applications in several domains. However, security threats are main critical challenges for the devices in an IoT environment. Many approaches have been proposed to secure IoT appliances in state of the ar...
Chapter
COVID-19 has been affecting people around the globe. It is affecting almost every country currently, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). This virus is transmitted to another person if an asymptomatic person makes close contact with the everyday person. There is no cure for this virus, and the only solution is social distancing and avo...
Chapter
Beard and hair detection and segmentation have a significant role in gender identification, age assessment, and facial recognition. Due to the variability of their forms, colors, and intensities and the impact of shadows and light objects. This paper has proposed an efficient state-of-the-art system for beard and hair detection and segmentation for...
Article
Internet of things (IoT) connects heterogeneous physical objects to collect the observing data and eases to development of smart transmission systems. Vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) offers many smart services for emerging vehicle-to-vehicle communication systems using sensors. Although, geographical routing solutions have been improved the proces...
Article
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Wireless networks and the Internet of things (IoT) have proven rapid growth in the development and management of smart environments. These technologies are applied in numerous research fields, such as security surveillance, Internet of vehicles, medical systems, etc. The sensor technologies and IoT devices are cooperative and allow the collection o...
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In this paper, we proposed a novel generalized pixel value ordering–based reversible data hiding using firefly algorithm (GPVOFA). The sequence of minimum and maximum number pixels value has been used to embed the secret data while prediction and modification are held on minimum, and the maximum number of pixel blocks is used to embed the secret da...
Chapter
The brain tumor is considered a hazardous infection and may cause death. Therefore, early detection of brain tumors can improve the survival rate. This paper presents convolutional neural network method for segmentation and classification of brain tumors using magnetic resonance images. The proposed method has achieved an accuracy of 98.97%, specif...
Article
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The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the main stabilizer parts of the knee. ACL injury leads to causes of osteoarthritis risk. ACL rupture is common in the young athletic population. Accurate segmentation at an early stage can improve the analysis and classification of anterior cruciate ligaments tears. This study automatically segmented...
Article
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The Internet of Things (IoT) plays a crucial role in various sectors such as automobiles and the logistic tracking medical field because it consists of distributed nodes, servers, and software for effective communication. Although this IoT paradigm has suffered from intrusion threats and attacks that cause security and privacy issues, existing intr...
Conference Paper
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The early diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 have been a challenge all over the world. It is challenging to manufacture many testing kits and even then, their accuracy rate is very low. Studies carried out recently show that chest x-ray images are of great help in the diagnosis of COVID-19. In this study, we have developed a COVID-19 detection mod...
Article
Early detection of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is essential for proper treatment of the patients to recover from this disorder. The aligned purpose of this study was to investigate the performance deviations in regions of interest (ROI) of PTSD than the healthy brain regions, to assess interregional functional connectivity and application...
Article
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Automatic speech recognition (ASR) is an effective technique that can convert human speech into text format or computer actions. ASR systems are widely used in smart appliances, smart homes, and biometric systems. Signal processing and machine learning techniques are incorporated to recognize speech. However, traditional systems have low performanc...
Article
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The retina is the deepest layer of texture covering the rear of the eye, recorded by fundus images. Vessel detection and segmentation are useful in disease diagnosis. The retina's blood vessels could help diagnose maladies such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and blood pressure. A mix of supervised and unsupervised strategies exists for the dete...
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With the rise of new technologies, such as the Internet of Things, raising the productivity of agricultural and farming activities is critical to improving yields and cost-effectiveness. IoT, in particular, can improve the efficiency of agriculture and farming processes by eliminating human intervention through automation. The fast rise of Internet...
Article
The Internet of Things (IoT) connects heterogeneous sensors with dynamic networks to monitor smart communication and collect real-time data. Such systems are well adapted to satisfy the needs of smart cities and facilitate remote locations. Many cloud-based solutions for effective routing along with scalable data storage have been presented for con...
Article
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i>Rumex obtusifolius Linnaeus (R. obtu . L.) is one of the vital broad-leaved weeds in grassland that needs removal. It affects dairy products and reduces their quality. Hand-removal methods are costly and time-consuming. Chemical treatment using herbicides has a negative impact on crops and causes environmental pollution. In smart farming, weeding...
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To determine the individual circumstances that account for a roadtraffic accident, it is crucial to consider the unplanned connections amongstvarious factors related to a crash that results in high casualty levels. Analysisof the road accident data concentrated mainly on categorizing accidents intodifferent types using individually built classifica...
Article
With the increase in local energy generation from Renewable Energy Sources (RESs), the concept of decentralized P2P Local Energy Market (LEM) is becoming popular. In this chapter, a blockchain based LEM is investigated where consumers and prosumers in a small community trade energy without the need for a third party. In the proposed model, a Home E...
Article
Image tempering is one of the significant issues in the modern era. The use of powerful tools for image editing with advanced technology and its widespread on social media raised questions on data integrity. Currently, the protection of images is uncertain and a severe concern, mainly when it transfers over the Internet. Thus, it is essential to de...
Article
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Automatic identity verification is one of the most critical and research-demanding areas. One of the most effective and reliable identity verification methods is using unique human biological characteristics and biometrics. Among all types of biometrics, palm print is recognized as one of the most accurate and reliable identity verification methods...
Article
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In modern technologies, the industrial internet of things (IIoT) has gained rapid growth in the fields of medical, transportation, and engineering. It consists of a self-governing configuration and cooperated with sensors to collect, process, and analyze the processes of a real-time system. In the medical system, healthcare IIoT (HIIoT) provides an...
Article
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Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is caused by partially or completely torn ACL ligament in the knee, especially in sportsmen. There is a need to classify the ACL tear before it fully ruptures to avoid osteoarthritis. This research aims to identify ACL tears automatically and efficiently with a deep learning approach. A dataset was gathered, co...
Article
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Vision-based human action recognition (HAR) is a hot topic of research from the decade due to a few popular applications such as visual surveillance and robotics. For correct action recognition, various local and global points are requires known as features. These features modified during the variation in human movement. But due to a bit change in...
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In modern years, network edges have been explored by many applications to lower communication and management costs. They are also integrated with the internet of things (IoT) to achieve network design, in terms of scalability and heterogeneous services for multimedia applications. Many proposed solutions are performing a vital role in the developme...
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Nowadays, the Internet of Things (IoT) performs robust services for real‐time applications in monitoring communication systems and generating meaningful information. The ZigBee devices offer low latency and manageable costs for wireless communication and support the process of physical data collection. Some biosensing systems comprise IoT‐based Zig...
Article
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Internet of Things (IoT) is a developing technology for supporting heterogeneous physical objects into smart things and improving the individuals living using wireless communication systems. Recently, many smart healthcare systems are based on the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) to collect and analyze the data for infectious diseases, i.e., body...
Article
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The Wireless Body Sensor Network (WBSN) can be envisioned as a cost-effective solution to provide monitoring and reporting services in medical and non-medical applications to improve quality of life. The dissemination of patient data in a timely and reliable manner is one of the necessities of healthcare applications of WBSN. The critical data pack...
Article
Left ventricular segmentation using cardiovascular MR scan is required for the diagnosis and further cure of cardiac diseases. Automatic systems for left ventricle segmentation are being studied for attaining more accurate results in a shorter period of time. A novel algorithm introducing discrete segmentation of left ventricle achieves an independ...
Article
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The Central Serous Retinopathy (CSR) or Central Serous Chorioretinopathy (CSC) is a significant disease that causes blindness and vision loss among in millions of people in the world. It transpires as a result of accumulation of watery fluids behind the retina. Therefore, detection of CSR at early stages allows taking preventive measures to avert a...
Article
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The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging technology and provides connectivity among physical objects with the support of 5G communication. In recent decades, there have been a lot of applications based on IoT technology for the sustainability of smart cities, such as farming, e‐healthcare, education, smart homes, weather monitoring, etc. These a...
Article
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Melanoma skin cancer is the most life-threatening and fatal disease among the family of skin cancer diseases. Modern technological developments and research methodologies made it possible to detect and identify this kind of skin cancer more effectively, however, the automated localization and segmentation of skin lesion at earlier stages is still a...
Article
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Nowadays, modeling and forecasting electricity spot prices are challenging due to their specific features, including multiple seasonalities, calendar effects, and extreme values (also known as jumps, spikes, or outliers). This study aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of electricity price forecasting by comparing several outlier filtering tech...
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With the evolution of deep learning technologies, computer vision‐related tasks achieved tremendous success in the biomedical domain. For supervised deep learning training, we need a large number of labeled datasets. The task of achieving a large number of label dataset is a challenging. The availability of data makes it difficult to achieve and en...
Chapter
Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most leading malignancies amongst women globally; consequently, one in eight women is infected during the lifespan. The malignancy growth is reported in the breast glandular epithelium. The breast-cancer-infected individuals' prediction would be enhanced due to the required early detection and diagnosis process. Reg...
Article
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Corona Virus is a pandemic, and the whole world is affected due to it. Apart from the vaccine, the only cure for this drastic disease is following the rules and regulations that prevent further spread. There are different mechanisms like (Social Distancing, Mask Detection, Human occupancy etc.) through which we can able to stop the spread of corona...
Article
In recent years, the Green Internet of Things (G-IoT) has gained a lot of attention to developing energy-efficient communication systems. It consists of electronic devices and is integrated with numerous tight constraint sensors for observing the real world and provide communication services to end-users. However, optimal data collection and its ma...
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Intelligent visual surveillance systems are attracting much attention from research and industry. The invention of smart surveillance cameras with greater processing power has now been the leading stakeholder, making it conceivable to design intelligent visual surveillance systems. It is possible to assure the safety of people in both homes and pub...
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‘With the help of powerful image editing software, various image modifications are possible which are known as image forgeries. Copy-move is the easiest way of image manipulation, wherein an area of the image is copied and replicated in the same image. The major reason for performing this forgery is to conceal undesirable contents of the image. Thu...