Amirhossein Sahebkar's research while affiliated with University of Western Australia and other places

Publications (982)

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Despite conventional treatment options including chemoradiation, patients with the most aggressive primary brain tumor, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), experience an average survival time of less than 15 months. Regarding the malignant nature of GBM, extensive research and discovery of novel treatments are urgently required to improve the patients’...
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Background Changes in the incidence of bleomycin pulmonary toxicity (BPT) as a result of adding colony-stimulating factors (CSF) to bleomycin regimens has been investigated in numerous studies. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the outcomes of these studies. Methods A systematic search was performed using Pubmed, Scopus,...
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Neuroinflammation is a key pathophysiological mechanism implicated in the neurodegenerative condition. One such condition implicating neuroinflammation is traumatic brain injury (TBI). Over the past decades, various alternative natural compounds, such as curcumin, have been investigated as novel therapeutic options to mitigate the pathophysiologica...
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In light of increasing research evidence on the molecular mechanisms of allergic diseases, the crucial roles of innate and acquired immunity in the disease’s pathogenesis have been well highlighted. In this respect, much attention has been paid to the modulation of unregulated and unabated inflammatory responses aiming to suppress pathologic immune...
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Background More than 3 billion people do not have access to clean energy and primarily use solid fuels to cook. Use of solid fuels generates household air pollution, which was associated with more than 2 million deaths in 2019. Although local patterns in cooking vary systematically, subnational trends in use of solid fuels have yet to be comprehens...
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Aim To evaluate the immunogenic potential of the carrier-free peptide-based anti-PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9) vaccine in albino mice. Methods The immunogenic pcsk9 peptide and 0.4% alum adjuvant were mixed thoroughly at a 1:1 ratio and used as a vaccine formulation. To assess the humoral immune response, animals' blood was samp...
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Introduction Background: This study aimed to investigate the trehalose-induced alterations in serum expression levels of miRNAs associated with vascular inflammation in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) in order to evaluate the effectiveness of intravenous (IV) trehalose administration in reducing arterial wall inflammation. Material and...
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Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by synovial hyperplasia and joint damage. Systemic complications and progressive disability are burdens that lead to a significant socio-economic cost in patients with RA. Current RA biomarkers used in predicting, diagnosing, and monitoring the treatment of the disease have not...
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Background One of the major indications for digoxin use is the treatment of heart failure [HF]. Although clinical application of digoxin in long-term outcomes in patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction [HFrEF] patients is well explained, the association between digoxin therapy and outcomes in patients with HF and preserved ejection fraction...
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Background: Statins are the most widely used drugs for decreasing elevated serum LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) and thus for the prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), but they have also some pleiotropic effects, including anti-inflammatory properties. Atherosclerosis is a low-grade inflammatory disease, and elevated ferritin is co...
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Introduction The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the phytosomal curcuminoids on oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers along with routine biochemical factors in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods Seventy-two patients were selected and randomly divided into Placebo and Curcumin groups (250 mg of phytosomal cur...
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Sodium–glucose cotransporter‐2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) are a newly developed class of highly effective antidiabetic therapies that normalize hyperglycemia via urinary glucose excretion. However, they may be accompanied by certain side effects that negatively impact their therapeutic benefits. SGLT2is induce a metabolic shift from glucose to fatty acid...
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High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is the smallest and densest of the lipoproteins. Beyond its well-known cardiovascular protective function, it has other actions including structural function, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-thrombotic effects, transport of bioactive molecules, and induction of signal transduction pathways. Further, there is a mu...
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Solid tumors rely on pathological angiogenesis to meet their metabolic needs and facilitate their spread. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), an aggressive and deadliest brain malignancy, is represented by multi-mechanistic and exuberant angiogenic properties. Current treatment efforts to inhibit neovascularization using monoclonal antibodies (e.g., bev...
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Curcumin (CUR) has proven efficacy in a wide range of medical conditions; however, due to its poor water solubility its therapeutic application has been restricted. Difluorintaed Curcumin (CDF), a curcumin analog with enhanced anticancer activity, has recently been reported. Here, fluorinated derivatives of CUR and desmthoxycurcumin (DMC) were synt...
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Obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2DM), hypertension (HTN), and Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) often cluster together as “Cardiometabolic Disease” (CMD). Just under 50 % of patients with CMD increased the risk of morbidity and mortality right from the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic as it has been reported in most countries affected by the Sars-CoV2 viru...
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Extensive research efforts have been made and are still ongoing in the search for an ideal anti-cancer therapy. Almost all chemotherapeutics require a carrier or vehicle, a drug delivery system that can transport the drug specifically to the targeted cancer cells, sparing normal cells. Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) provide an effective and effic...
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the main causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. It leads to various long-term complications such as diabetic nephropathy. Diabetes nephropathy is the leading cause of renal failure in patients with chronic kidney diseases undergoing hemodialysis. Hence preventing the development and progression of dia...
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Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the primary cause of death globally. Activation of oxidative stress and inflammatory pathways are contributory to the development of CVD. Pharmacological activities of vanillic acid have been investigated suggesting that they may have therapeutic utility clinically. Given its phenolic nature, the anti-inflammatory...
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Background Due to the importance of amiodarone-induced hyperthyroidism in patients with heart failure, the purpose of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction (hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism) in patients with heart disease who received amiodarone. Methods Electronic databases includ...
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Diabetes is a chronic disease state in which the pancreas fails to secrete sufficient insulin, resulting in elevation of the blood glucose levels. As one of the most prevalent diseases worldwide, diabetes is recognized as a global health concern that, if undiagnosed or untreated, can lead to serious and life-threatening complications, such as kidne...
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Background Chlamydia trachomatis infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. There is widespread evidence in recent years that indicates C. trachomatis infection plays a role in sperm dysfunction and poor sperm quality. However, some controversial documents have argued the role of infection with this bacterium in male inferti...
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The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic, has been shown to disrupt many organ systems in the human body. Though several medical disorders have been affected by this infection, a few illnesses in addition may also play a role in determining the outcome of COVID-19. Obesity is one such d...
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Background Previous studies have reported that statin or ezetimibe therapy has an anti-inflammatory effect. However, the results of individual studies on the effect of statin therapy in combination with ezetimibe on C-reactive protein (CRP) and high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) levels have not been clear. Therefore, the present systematic review and me...
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Background: Understanding the magnitude of cancer burden attributable to potentially modifiable risk factors is crucial for development of effective prevention and mitigation strategies. We analysed results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 to inform cancer control planning efforts globally. Methods:...
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Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia and associated with multiple organ systems complications. The incidence and prevalence of diabetes are increasing in an epidemic proportion worldwide. In addition to environmental factors, some epigenetic and post-translational modifications have critical roles in th...
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Cancer is one of the most lethal diseases, and limited available treatment options contribute to its high mortality rate. Exosomes are considered membrane-bound nanovesicles that include different molecules such as lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Virtually most cells could release exosomes via exocytosis in physiological and pathological condi...
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Background: The global burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) and corresponding risk factors in children older than 5 years and adults has not been studied as comprehensively as it has been in children younger than 5 years. We assessed the burden and trends of LRIs and risk factors across all age groups by sex, for 204 countries and territor...
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Background: Diabetes is an increasingly prevalent global disease caused by the impairment in insulin production or insulin function. Diabetes in the long term causes both microvascular and macrovascular complications that may result in retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, peripheral arterial disease, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, and ce...
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Background: This systematic review and meta-analysis focuses on PCSK9 changes in obese patients following bariatric surgery. Methods: A systematic literature search in four databases was performed. Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (CMA) V2 software used to conduct the meta-analysis. Studies were evaluated regarding heterogeneity in design, populations...
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Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of Partnership Care Model (PCM) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults with chronic diseases. Method Data Sources/Study Setting: Existing literature dealing with the effect of HRQoL on chronic patients according to the HRQoL outcomes based on SF36 questionnaires. Study Design Systematic review...
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Mitochondria ensure the supply of cellular energy through the production of ATP via oxidative phosphorylation. The alteration of this process, called mitochondrial dysfunction, leads to a reduction in ATP and an increase in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Mitochondrial dysfunction can be caused by mitochondrial/nuclear DNA mutation...
Article
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a prevalent condition which causes progressive growth and rupture of aortic wall with a high death rate. Several studies have found that treatment with statins may decrease the progress of AAA and the risk of rupture by suppressing the inflammatory mediators, decreasing oxidative stress, and inhibiting mechanisms...
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This study aimed to develop nanoliposomal crocin formulations for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Three crocin-loaded formulations including hydrogenated soy phosphatidylcholine (HSPC), 1,2- distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-(1′-rac-glycerol) (DSPG) and cholesterol (Chol) were made at different molar ratios using a solvent evaporation method p...
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Inflammatory processes and proinflammatory cytokines have a key role in the cellular processes of neurodegenerative diseases and are linked to the pathogenesis of functional and mental health disorders. Tumor necrosis factor alpha has been reported to play a major role in the central nervous system in Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and am...
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Many patients with diabetes mellitus, especially those with chronic kidney disorders, have some degree of anemia due to a spectrum of causes and underlying pathophysiologic pathways. As such, enhancement in erythropoiesis is important in these patients. Sodium‐glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are a relatively new class of antidiabetic dr...
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Atherosclerosis is a major etiology of cardiovascular disease that causes considerable mortality. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is a fundamental attributor to atherosclerosis. Therefore, there seems to be an essential place for antioxidant therapy besides the current treatment protocols for coronary heart disease. Polyphenols are a class...
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Ovarian cancer (OC) is considered fifth-deadliest cancer globally responsible for high mortality in women. As the conventional therapeutic and diagnostic approaches are ineffective in increasing the survival rates of advanced staged patients by more than 5 years, OC has resulted in high morbidity and mortality rates over the last two decades. As a...
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Background: Elevated serum low-density lipoproteins (LDL), the substrate for the formation of atherogenic oxidized LDLs (oxLDL), are a causal factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). Statins are well known to decrease LDL particle concentration and reduce ASCVD morbidity and mortality. Objective: To perform a meta-analysis of t...
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An updated exploration of the burden of thyroid cancer across a country is always required for making correct decisions. The objective of this study is to present the thyroid cancer burden and attributed burden to the high Body Mass Index (BMI) in Iran at national and sub-national levels from 1990 to 2019. The data was obtained from the GBD 2019 st...
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Cancer immunotherapy has been researched as a major modality of treatment which involves activating the immune system of the patient to fight against tumor cells. Dendrimers are globular man-made nanoparticles with a notable hyperbranching 3D structure. These are multivalent, structurally versatile and multifunctional in regards to its physicochemi...
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The risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is strongly related to lifetime exposure to low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol in longitudinal studies. Lipid-lowering therapy (using statins, ezetimibe and PCSK9 inhibitors) substantially ameliorates the risk and is associated with long-term reduction in cardiovascular (CV) events....
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Breast cancer (BC) undoubtedly is one of the most common type of cancers amongst women, which causes about 5 million deaths annually. The treatments and diagnostic therapy choices currently available for Breast Cancer is very much limited . Advancements in novel nanocarrier could be a promising strategy for diagnosis and treatments of this deadly d...
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Objectives: Diabetes mellitus (DM) affects the pharmacokinetics of drugs. Ranolazine is an antianginal drug that is prescribed in DM patients with angina. We decided to evaluate the effect of DM on the pharmacokinetics of ranolazine and its major metabolite CVT-2738 in rats. Materials and methods: Male rats were divided into two groups: DM (indu...
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Background The health risks associated with moderate alcohol consumption continue to be debated. Small amounts of alcohol might lower the risk of some health outcomes but increase the risk of others, suggesting that the overall risk depends, in part, on background disease rates, which vary by region, age, sex, and year. Methods For this analysis,...
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Objectives: Flow mediated vasodilation (FMD) is a marker of endothelial function and its decline is related to increased cardiovascular risk. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the impact of bariatric surgery on FMD. Materials and methods: A systematic literature search in PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science was performed...
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In terms of frequency and aggressiveness, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is undoubtedly the most frequent and fatal primary brain tumor. Despite advances in clinical management, the response to current treatments is dismal, with a 2-year survival rate varying between 6 and 12 percent. Metformin, a derivative of biguanide widely used in treating type...
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Background Experimental and epidemiological studies indicate an association between exposure to particulate matter (PM) air pollution and increased risk of type 2 diabetes. In view of the high and increasing prevalence of diabetes, we aimed to quantify the burden of type 2 diabetes attributable to PM2·5 originating from ambient and household air p...
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Introduction: Atherosclerosis can be considered a chronic inflammatory process that stands out as a dominant cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Since blood lipids are the leading risk factor for atherosclerosis development, lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and other apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins reduces the risk...
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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive joint disease. The etiology of OA is considered to be multifactorial. Currently, there is no definitive treatment for OA, and the existing treatments are not very effective. Hypercholesterolemia is considered a novel risk factor for the development of OA. Statins act as a competitive inhibitor of the β‐hydroxy β...
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Severe cases of SARS-CoV-2 and other pathogenic virus infections are often associated with the uncontrolled release of proinflammatory cytokines, known as a “cytokine storm.” We present a protocol for multiplex analysis of three cytokines, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-a), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and IL-10, which are typically elevated in cytokine...
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Due to continuous technical developments and new insights into the high complexity of infectious diseases such as COVID-19, there is an increasing need for multiplex biomarkers to aid clinical management and support the development of new drugs and vaccines. COVID-19 disease requires rapid diagnosis and stratification to enable the most appropriate...
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SARS-CoV-2 can stimulate the expression of various inflammatory cytokines and induce the cytokine storm in COVID-19 patients leading to multiple organ failure and death. Curcumin as a polyphenolic compound has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties and inhibit the release of numerous pro-inflammatory cytokines. We present multiplex analysi...
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Infection with SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of COVID-19, causes numerous cellular dysfunctions. The virus enters the host cells and hijacks the cell machinery for its replication, resulting in disturbances of the oxidative, reductive balance, increased production of damaging reactive oxygen species (ROS), and mitochondrial dysfunction. This dama...
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Inhibition of hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase by statins is affected by inhibiting the active site of the enzyme in a competitive manner. Statins reduce plasma cholesterol by inhibiting its de novo synthesis. In addition, statins impart ‘pleiotropic’ activities that do not directly relate to their ability to decrease cholestero...
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Background: In-stent restenosis (ISR) is an important clinical complication that occurs following stent implantation. The application of drug-eluting stents (DES) and even consumption of drugs such as antiplatelet agents and statins are not completely effective in reducing ISR risk. Since the number of these patients continues to rise, it is pivot...
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Atherosclerosis is the most frequent cause of death globally. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) has an essential role in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques and foamy macrophages. Ox-LDL increases the uptake of cholesterol by macrophages and is the major cause of blood flow disruption. Ox-LDL is produced during oxidative stress and tre...
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Background: Combating viral hepatitis is part of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and WHO has put forth hepatitis B elimination targets in its Global Health Sector Strategy on Viral Hepatitis (WHO-GHSS) and Interim Guidance for Country Validation of Viral Hepatitis Elimination (WHO Interim Guidance). We estimated the global, regional, a...
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious disorder with debilitating physical and psychological complications. Previous studies have indicated that genetic factors have a critical role in modulating the secondary phase of injury in TBI. Statins have interesting pleiotropic properties such as antiapoptotic, antioxidative, and anti-inflammatory effec...
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Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is initiated by excessive fat buildup in the liver, affecting around 35% of the world population. Various circumstances contribute to the initiation and progression of NAFLD, and it encompasses a wide range of disorders, from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis, and liver cance...
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Although considerable advances have been made in the early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, it is still one of the major causes of global cancer-related death in women over the last several decades. Phytochemicals have been shown to be promising agents in the prevention and treatment of breast cancer. Resveratrol is an important plant-deri...
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In the biomedical field, stimuli-responsive systems comprising smart nanoplatforms based on metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have garnered immense attention in view of their high surface area, biocompatibility, facile synthesis, tunable structural features, adjustable pore size, and highly versatile composition. Interestingly, stimuli-responsive MOF...