Amirhossein Sahebkar's research while affiliated with University of Prishtina and other places

Publications (640)

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Objective. The purpose of this systematic review is to study the impact of self-efficacy-improving strategies on physical activity-related glycemic control of diabetes. Method. This systematic review was conducted based on the PRISMA statement. (“Diabetes” OR “glycemic control”) AND (“exercise” OR “physical activity”) AND “self-efficacy” were searc...
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Introduction We aimed aimed to assess the effect of the immunotherapy with the PCSK9 peptide vaccine on the hepatic expression levels of microRNAs associated with LDLR pathway including miRNA-27a, miRNA-30c, and miRNA-191 in normal vaccinated mice. Material and methods PCSK9 immunogenic peptide and 0.4% alum adjuvant were mixed at a 1:1 ratio and...
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Curcumin, as the main natural compound in the turmeric plant (Curcuma longa), is a yellowish polyphenol that has been used traditionally in Asian countries as a medicinal herb for various types of disease and pathological conditions caused by inflammation and oxidative stress. In the present review, we conducted a comprehensive literature search fo...
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Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) attracted great attention because of the capability to deliver various types of cargo molecules across into the cells. In this study, we presented a new arginine rich CPP, named MR, for efficient transporting plasmid DNA. We used a combined bioinformatic-based approach to improve the speed and accuracy of CPP evalua...
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Cell therapeutic approaches focusing on the regeneration of damaged tissue have been a popular topic among researchers in recent years. In particular, self-repair scarring from the central nervous system (CNS) can significantly complicate the treatment of an injured patient. In CNS regeneration schemes, either glial progenitor cells or reactive gli...
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There is still an urgent need to develop effective treatments to help minimize the cases of severe COVID-19. A number of tools have now been developed and applied to address these issues, such as the use of non-contrast chest computed tomography (CT) for evaluation and grading of the associated lung damage. Here we used a deep learning approach for...
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Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide and the most common cause is myocardial infarction. Therefore, appropriate approaches should be used to repair damaged heart tissue. Recently, cardiac tissue engineering approaches have been extensively studied. Since the creation of the nature of cardiovascular tissue engineering, many...
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Statins inhibit HMG-CoA reductase by competitively inhibiting the active site of the enzyme, thus preventing cholesterol synthesis and reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Many pleiotropic effects of statins have been demonstrated that can be either related or unrelated to their cholesterol-lowering ability. Among these effects a...
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Obesity is associated with changes in the resolution of acute inflammation that contribute to the clinical complications. The exact mechanisms underlying unresolved inflammation in obesity are not fully understood. Adipocyte death leads to pro‐inflammatory adipose tissue macrophages, stimulating additional adipocyte apoptosis. Thus, a complex and t...
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In this research, the determination and complexation process between 3,3'-(2,2'-(4-methyl-phenylenesulfonamido)bis(ethane-2,1-diyl))bis(1-benzyl-3H-benzo[d]imidazol-1-ium)dibromide with Ni2+, Zn2+, Pd2+, Ag+, and Hg2+ cations in the binary mixture of methanol (MeOH) and water (H2O) at different temperatures (15, 25, 35 and 45ºC) were studied using...
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Background: Many of the survivors of critical illnesses in the intensive care unit (ICU) suffer from physical disability for months after the treatment in the ICU. Identifying patients who are susceptible to disability is essential. The purpose of the study was to modify a model for early in-ICU prediction of the patient's risk for physical disabi...
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Background COVID-19 pandemic has made the disease a major global problem by creating a significant burden on health, economic, and social status. To date, there are no effective and approved medications for this disease. Curcumin as an anti-inflammatory agent can have a positive effect on the control of COVID-19 complications. This study aimed to a...
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Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most prevalent bacterial diseases worldwide. Proteus species (spp.) are well-known etiological agents of UTIs. The current study is the first systematic review and meta-analysis reporting the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Proteus spp. in UTIs in Ir...
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Background: Doxorubicin as an anti-cancer drug causes cardiotoxicity, limiting its tolerability and use. The mechanism of toxicity is due to free radical production and cardiomyocytes injury. This research evaluated Rheum turkestanicum ( R.turkestanicum ) extract against doxorubicin cardiotoxicity due to its considerable in vitro antioxidant activi...
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Cholesterol crystals (CCs) play a key role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) via triggering inflammation, plaque formation and subsequently plaque rupture. Although statins can stabilize plaques via calcification and alteration of the lipid composition within plaques, there is still a high residual risk of CVD events among sta...
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Background: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) dates back to December 2019 in China. Iran has been among the most prone countries to the virus. The aim of this study was to report demographics, clinical data, and their association with death and CFR. Methods: This observational cohort study was performed from 20th March 2020 to...
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The rapid clearance of apoptotic cells (ACs), known as efferocytosis, prompts the inhibition of inflammatory responses and autoimmunity and maintains homeostatic cell turnover by controlling the release of intracellular contents. The fast clearance of ACs requires professional and nonprofessional phagocytic cells that can accurately and promptly re...
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Dear Editor, We are deeply grateful that our work has been recognized by the research community and we would like to thank Patoulias and colleagues for their interest in our study.1 Since sodium-glucose transport protein 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have been proven to exert cardiovascular protection in a variety of ways, including by lowering serum uric a...
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Background Delayed cancer diagnosis and inefficient cancer prognosis determination are problems faced in cancer diagnosis and treatment. MicroRNAs (miRs), especially miR-212, have shown a promise in cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Herein, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the prognostic and diagnostic value of miR-212 lev...
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Context Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine disease that affects women of reproductive age and is characterised by biochemical and clinical androgen excess. Aim To evaluate the efficacy of pharmacological interventions used to decrease androgen hormones in women with PCOS. Data source We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, Embas...
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects approximately 50% of the world population at some point in their lifetime. To date, there are no effective treatments as most of the damage occurs due to secondary effects through a variety of pathophysiological pathways. The phytoceutical curcumin has been traditionally used as a natural remedy for numerous con...
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Biological features of silver nanoparticles in rising the insulin level of diabetic animal models were considered in recent years, which resulted in decreasing hyperglycemia condition. We reviewed the published literature to investigate the possible role of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) throughout the treatment of diabetes mellitus in animal studie...
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Helicobacter pylori is a significant human pathogen of the stomach's epithelial lining. This type of carcinogen is associated with gastric cancer, indigestion, peptic ulcers, and upper digestive diseases. Therefore, successful treatment and eradication of this bacterium are required to reduce the prevalence of these diseases, especially in high-ris...
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Background COVID-19 is an infectious disease which caused a pandemic with many diseases and fatalities. This new variant of coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2 and is primarily characterized by respiratory symptoms. There are some data indicating that LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) as well as HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels are inversely correlated to disease se...
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Background: Oxidative stress plays a major role in the pathogenesis of myocardial infarction. This study evaluated the cardioprotective effects of the hydroalcoholic extract of Rheum turkestanicum on isoprenaline-induced myocardial infarction (MI) in Wistar rats. Methods: In this study, we used liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to determin...
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In Persian Medicine (PM), PD (brain‐based tremor) is a known CNS disorder with several therapeutic and preventive options. In their medical textbooks and pharmacopeias, Persian great scientists such as Rhazes (854–925 AD), Avicenna (980–1037 AD), and Jorjani (1042–1136 AD), have discussed pharmacological and nutritional strategies for the preventio...
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Curcumin is a natural polyphenolic compound that has promising therapeutic benefits. However, curcumin suffers from low aqueous solubility and poor bioavailability following oral administration, which are severe constraints to its full therapeutic potential. An exciting approach to resolving such challenges has been to incorporate curcumin into gol...
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One of the significant health problems in some developing countries such as Iran is lead toxicity. Potentiometric plasticizer-free Pb²⁺ selective electrode based on a simple and biocompatible ionophore, curcumin, for lead (II) detection in erythrocytes have been developed. Glassy carbon electrode modification was done with curcumin as an ionophore....
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Purpose Diabetes mellitus (DM) is known to affect the pharmacokinetics of drugs. In this study, we evaluated the effect of DM on the liver content of CYP 3A2 enzyme. We also explored the ECG changes after administration of ranolazine in non-DM and DM rats. Methods First phase: 24 male Wistar rats were separated into 4 groups. The control group (n...
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Statins are competitive inhibitors of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase and have been used to treat elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) for almost four decades. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties which are independent of the lipid-lowering effects of statins, i.e., their pleiotropic effects, might be beneficia...
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Background & objective: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of propolis and melatonin supplementation on inflammation, clinical outcomes, and oxidative stress markers in patients with primary pneumosepsis. Materials and methods: This pilot randomized controlled trial was conducted on 55 patients with primary pneumosepsis who were...
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Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) might affect everyone, but people with comorbidities such as hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD) may often have more severe complications and worse outcomes. Although vaccinations are being performed worldwide, it will take a long time until the entire population of the world is vaccinated. O...
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The most typical malignant brain tumor, glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), seems to have a grim outcome, despite the intensive multi-modality interventions. Literature suggests that biologically active phytomolecules may exert anticancer properties by regulating several signaling pathways. Berberine, an isoquinoline alkaloid, has various pharmacologica...
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ContextDietary diversity score (DDS) has been known as a useful and convenient indicator of overall diet quality. Previous studies have reported the association between DDS and health problems such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease.Objectives This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the association between d...
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Background Old age is characterized by a peculiar low-grade, chronic, and “sterile” inflammatory state, which has been termed “inflammaging.” This is believed to substantially contribute to the pathogenesis of many age-related diseases and to the progression of the ageing process. An adequate nutritional status is of great importance for maintainin...
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The SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) causes Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), is an emerging viral infection. SARS CoV-2 infects target cells by attaching to Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE2). SARS CoV-2 could cause cardiac damage in patients with severe COVID-19, as ACE2 is expressed in cardiac cells, including cardiomyocytes, pericytes, and fibro...
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Purpose Brain tumors (BT) are among the most prevalent cancers in recent years. Various studies have examined the diagnostic role of microRNAs in different diseases; however, their diagnostic role in BT has not been comprehensively investigated. Therefore, this meta-analysis was performed to assess microRNAs in the blood of patients with BTs accura...
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The most widespread, malignant, and deadliest type of glial tumor is glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Despite radiation, chemotherapy, and radical surgery, the median survival of afflicted individuals is about 12 months. Unfortunately, existing therapeutic interventions are abysmal. Dexamethasone (Dex), a synthetic glucocorticoid, has been used for m...
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Obesity is abnormal fat accumulation in the body which acts as a risk factor for various cardiometabolic states. Adipose tissue in excess can release inflammatory factors, including TNF-α and IL-6, and suppress adiponectin production. TNF-α increases the levels of IL-6 and acute phase reactants such as C-reactive protein. Inflammation has a crucial...
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Statin intolerance is a clinical syndrome whereby adverse effects associated with statin therapy (most commonly statin-associated muscle symptoms [SAMS]) result in the discontinuation of therapy and consequently increase the risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. However, complete statin intolerance occurs in only a small minority of treated pati...
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Natural compounds, primarily derived from plants, have been isolated and evaluated as alternative and complementary treatments for cancer. Curcumin has been proven to be beneficial in cancer therapy due to its multiple effects on cell signaling pathways, although the application of curcumin is limited due to its low oral bioavailability. Nanotechno...
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Objective: An outbreak of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) began in December 2019 and spread globally, overwhelming the entire world. COVID-19 is a public health emergency of international concern. Due to its high morbidity and mortality rate, recognition of its risk and prognostic factors is important. We aimed to understand the relationship bet...
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Curcumin, the polyphenolic compound obtained from turmeric, has several pharmacological properties. These properties include antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-angiogenic, anticarcinogenic, antiinflammatory, and immunomodulatory activities. Therefore, the clinical efficacy of this substance has been largely investigated for curing numerous disorders....
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Aims: Statin intolerance (SI) represents a significant public health problem for which precise estimates of prevalence are needed. Statin intolerance remains an important clinical challenge, and it is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. This meta-analysis estimates the overall prevalence of SI, the prevalence according to d...
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Alzheimer's disease (AD), a type of dementia, is distinguished by progressive memory decline and cognition impairment. Despite the considerable body of evidence regarding AD pathophysiology, current therapies merely slow down the disease progression, and a comprehensive therapeutic approach is unavailable. Accordingly, finding an efficient multifun...
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Background Probiotic and synbiotic products are being widely used by a large number of patients and clinicians; however, effects on cardiometabolic indices in patients with the metabolic syndrome remain unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of a synbiotic intervention on lipid profile, insulin resistance, blood pressure, anthrop...
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Lipid-based nanoparticulate delivery platforms such as liposomes help overcome cell and tissue barriers and allow prolonged therapeutic plasma drug concentrations, simultaneous targeting of tumor tissue, and increased bioavailability of numerous drugs used for treatment of cancer. The human epidermal growth factor receptor, HER2, is an important pl...
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A retrospective secondary analysis of 4,200 patients was collected from two academic medical centers. Delirium was assessed using the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) in all patients. Univariate and multivariate Cox models, logistic regression analysis, and Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) decision...
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Diabetes mellitus is a growing health challenge globally which is increasing in epidemic proportion. Naturally occurring pharmacological agents are more likely to provide beneficial therapeutic effects without undesirable side effects compared to the synthetic agents. There is a growing evidence that some naturally occurring pharmacological agents...
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Disturbances in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance can occur in metabolic syndrome. Here, we present a protocol for the setup of a clinical trial of metabolic syndrome patients treated with berberine, a dietary phytochemical of the Berberis vulgaris plant, or placebo. The main aim is to obtain a quick and real-time assessment on the overall redox s...
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Nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a major signaling pathway for the maintenance of homeostasis and redox balance. This pathway also plays a significant role in proteostasis, xenobiotic/drug metabolism, apoptosis, and lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Conversely, the Nrf2 signaling pathway is impaired in several pathological con...
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Context Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous condition affecting women of reproductive age and is associated with increased body weight. Objective To review the literature on the effect of different pharmacological interventions on the anthropometric indices in women with PCOS. Data sources We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, Emba...
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Background: Obesity is related to dyslipidemia and increased circulating oxidated LDL (ox-LDL) concentrations that may predispose to atherosclerosis. Bariatric surgery may lower the risk of cardiovascular mortality. Elevated plasma ox-LDL has been associated with atherogenesis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events. The aim of t...
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Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that exist within the human gut, and which are also present in different food products and supplements. They have been investigated for some decades, due to their potential beneficial impact on human health. Probiotics compete with pathogenic microorganisms for adhesion sites within the gut, to antagonize them or...
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This systematic review was undertaken with the main aim of assessing the therapeutic effects of herbal medicines in recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). A comprehensive search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, and Google Scholar up to July 2021 to identify randomized clinical trials investigated the effects of herbal medicines on...
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Background: Endothelial injury can be induced by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and seems to exert a crucial pathogenic role in its most severe clinical manifestations. We aimed to investigate the association between brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (bFMD), a potential clinical and non-invasive measure of endothelial function, and in-ho...
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Punica granatum L. belongs to the Punicaceae family which is distributed around the world. Different parts of pomegranate like seed, peel, juice, and leaves are rich in potential bioactive compounds. These plants have found application in traditional medicine such as in treatment of gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and endocrine diseases, among ot...
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Background: Males are more likely to die from COVID-19 than females. In addition, the mortality rate among positive and suspected COVID-19 patients were reported in many studies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the sex differential effect in the COVID-19 mortality by different age groups and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test results. Rese...
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Although several studies have shown that each of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) components can be a risk factor for erosive esophagitis (EE), the association between MetS and EE is still a challenging subject, as studies about this association have shown inconsistent results. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the association between Me...
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Statins are a wide category of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor drugs extensively prescribed for hypercholesterolemia. In fact, many studies showed beneficial effects of these agents on a variety of related illnesses, which include increased atherosclerotic plaque stability, decreased proliferation of vascular smo...
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Introduction Chronic insomnia is a common disorder that affects more than a third of the world's adult population. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an oral polyherbal formulation, prepared according to Persian medical texts, compared to a placebo on the sleep quality of patients with chronic insomnia. Methods In this randomized controlle...
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Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are closely interrelated. However, the effect of having a family history of one disease on the risk of another remains undetermined. Aim: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to estimate the prevalence of a family history of CRC among patients with IBD, as well as the prev...