Amer Jarragh's research while affiliated with Kuwait Oil Company and other places

Publications (15)

Conference Paper
Full-text available
As part of continued efforts by an operating company to address specific corrosion mitigation needs and utilize improved integrity chemicals such as corrosion inhibitor, scale inhibitor, oxygen scavenger, biocides as well as operational chemicals such as antifoam, coagulants, anionic and cationic polyelectrolytes etc. offered by different chemical...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper highlights the importance of online corrosion monitoring methodology (coupons / probes) as a key tool for early detection. In the paper, the online corrosion monitoring data lead to physical inspection, identification of low thickness areas and corrective action to avoid unwanted consequences.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Paper highlights the importance of not neglecting GnAB / GAB bacteria strain and their role in MIC. In this case, Oil and gas separators faced localized corrosion due to these strains, where the SRB strains were found to be zero.
Article
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Microbiologically influenced corrosion is the degradation of a material under the influence of environmental factors complicated by the metabolic activities of microorganisms. Microbiological attack on process equipment used in the petroleum industry results in increased operating expenses and reduced income. This article discusses treatment option...
Article
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The causative circumstances for internal corrosion, external corrosion, and stress corrosion cracking phenomena may be dissimilar; but the forms of corrosion are essentially invariant. Inspection and monitoring are the two key processes by which pipeline corrosion can be detected, although online corrosion monitoring, whether using electronic probe...
Article
Full-text available
Microbiologically influenced corrosion is the degradation of a material under the influence of environmental factors complicated by the metabolic activities of microorganisms. Microbiological attack on process equipment used in the petroleum industry results in increased operating expenses and reduced income.
Article
Full-text available
Corrosion products such as iron sulfides, iron oxides, and iron carbonates are the major constituents of black powder observed in the export gas handling facilities of Kuwait Oil Co. Acid gases, such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and carbon dioxide (CO2) together with oxygen (O2), are benign in dry gas but highly corrosive when dissolved in water, eith...
Article
Full-text available
Internal corrosion monitoring and fluid analysis data from operating plants can provide guidance to asset owners for corrective and/or preventive measures to mitigate corrosion and also determine inspection requirements. Results from these activities can be compared with actual inspection findings during facility shutdown to evaluate the monitoring...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Consider a crude oil handling system, with various degrees of water separation/accumulation, which has been experiencing increased corrosion over a period of time. If the trend of increasing corrosion rate versus time parallels the corresponding trend of water separation/accumulation as well as bacteria population density over that same period of t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
One of the major challenges that face our national oil company is microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). In spite of biocide treatment in the facilities, the serial dilution results continue to confirm a high proliferation of sessile and planktonic bacteria in all the water handling systems. Planktonic and sessile samples from different gath...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Key performance indicators are used to track the efficiency of the prevailing corrosion risk management strategy, namely, the integration of corrosion, process monitoring, inspection, mitigation, environmental control, and materials management. In an earlier paper1, a methodology was outlined for the use of a single key performance indicator, namel...
Article
Many pipelines used to transport high pressure gas to long distances are made from carbon steel plates by spiral welding. There are instances in which such pipelines gave a long service in sour atmospheres. But, when they failed, they failed catastrophically and sometimes repeated failures occurred. In one such failure instance, the pipeline in the...
Article
Kuwait is the 5th largest oil producer in the world with a current crude oil production represents about 9% of the world's oil. The country's goal is to increase the production through the Strategic Plan 2020 and the Strategic Plan 2030. The Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) is the primary national organization responsible for exploration, drilling, product...
Article
Proper Quality control (QC) plays a vital role during manufacturing of Oil and Gas facilities new equipment. Improper QC does occur sometimes resulting in sub-standard products, which may be silent for years till the right conditions are in place and then contributes to major failures. These non-conformances during manufacturing may lead to acceler...
Article
In the oil and gas industry non-conformances and lack of quality control such as mix up of metallurgy and the use of non-NACE compliant material are sometimes encountered at the component fabrication or repair stage which may go unnoticed for years till a problem occurs. From a corrosion point of view, some of these non-conformances may not be detr...

Citations

... Generally, the reduction in the cross-sectional area guarantees an increase in sensitivity, but this sacrifices the service life of the probe [10]. Nowadays, ER-probes are used in a wide range of applications and industries, including pipelines, oil and gas, reinforced concrete structures [4,[13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30]. ...
... The oil flow in pipelines has the problem of including the mixture of fine particles of different metals and non-metals which is known as black powder. Most pipeline operators are familiar with this problem and with its consequences in all oil treatment stages starting from first step of well's pumps till the last step of oil delivery [1][2][3]. Wet substances, dry substances, and fine powder are all representing different forms of black powder. Any form of this powder can either decelerating the oil rate or reducing the product's quality. ...
... Many pipelines and pressure vessels have failed by SOHIC mechanism. SOHIC is combination effects of H 2 S and tensile stresses in either applied or residual form (Al-Shamari et al., 2014;Albarran et al., 2002;Azevedo, 2007;Kim et al., 2010;Kobayashi et al., 2014). This type of crack is generally, but not exclusively, found adjacent to a weld. ...
... 3 Additionally, in 2015, 16S ribosomal RNA characterization was commissioned based on a molecular microbiological method (MMM) of quantitative polymerase chain reaction for the enumeration of specific bacteria species that contribute to MIC in the facilities. 4 However, company-wide adoption of the MMM awaits the development of a NACE consensus standard. Meanwhile, the inhouse guideline (Table 2 of reference 2) for quantifying sessile and planktonic bacteria proliferation continues to be based on the serial dilution test method. ...
... Pipeline integrity may be severely impacted by the gradual decrease in production flow rate over time which can amplify internal corrosion issues [12][13][14]. Oxidation, bacterial activity, and localised corrosion, including those cause by deposits, are all factors for concern of pipeline integrity. ...
... In this paper, an initial attempt is made to answer this question. The paper relates the findings of 16S rRNA characterization of bacteria to the activities of the ICMS program pertaining to microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) in oilfield water handling systems 5 According to NACE RP0775-2005 1 corrosion severity classification is in terms of corrosion rates in mils per year (1 mil = 0.001 in) or mm/y as illustrated in Table 1. On the other hand, certain morphology of corrosion pits is sometimes used to be a sign of MIC. ...