Amanda N. Gesselman's research while affiliated with Indiana University East and other places

Publications (54)

Article
Introduction Polycystic ovary syndrome and vaginismus (V&PCOS) are two common chronic health problems that affect the wellbeing of 9 million or more American women. Women with V&PCOS often report significant delays in diagnosis and negative healthcare experiences. Women also report feeling that their gender expression or femininity is threatened by...
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Medical avoidance is common among U.S. adults, and may be emphasized among members of marginalized communities due to discrimination concerns. In the current study, we investigated whether this disparity in avoidance was maintained or exacerbated during the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. We assessed the likelihood of avoiding medical care due to g...
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Pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is a once-daily preventative prescription pill against HIV for adults or adolescents who have sex or inject drugs. PrEP may be especially useful among Black and Hispanic Americans, who are particularly at risk for HIV in the United States. In spite of this vulnerability, rates of PrEP use in Black and Hispanic com...
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Within the social support literature, individuals who experience chronic pain have shown many positive outcomes and benefits when receiving the appropriate level of emotional support. In the current study, individuals who experience chronic vulvovaginal pain (CVVP) were asked about their partner’s supportiveness, other sources of emotional support,...
Preprint
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The COVID-19 pandemic and the resulting social distancing measures have caused widespread social and economic disruptions, resulting in spikes in unemployment and financial instability, along with drastic changes to people's ability to feel socially connected. Many of the changes resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic are risk factors for depressive...
Article
Social technology is ever-evolving, and increasingly offers novel domains for sexual experiences. In the current study, we investigated demographic correlates of engagement with emerging forms of sextech, defined here as internet-based applications, platforms, or devices used for sexual pleasure. Our web-based, demographically representative sample...
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In the USA, the COVID-19 pandemic has created challenges beyond the direct consequences of the infection. Because of shifting resources in response to need, many domains within the healthcare sector unrelated to COVID-19 have had interrupted abilities to provide care. In the current study, we focus on preventative sexual health care during the pand...
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Men are more vulnerable to COVID-19 infections compared to women, but their risk perceptions around COVID-19 are persistently lower. Further, men often engage in less health promotion behavior because self-care in this capacity is seen as weak or less masculine. This combination has consequences for mortality; thus, a better understanding of men’s...
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Depression, anxiety, and loneliness have long been recognized as global mental health concerns. To temporarily relieve psychological distress, self-soothing behavior is common, including engagement in sexual behaviors that are linked to positive mental well-being. Considering the COVID-19 pandemic further exacerbated many mental health ailments alo...
Article
According to Rusbult's (1980) investment model, relationships are built and maintained through continual investment in one partner over potential alternative partners. Social media have continued to become more integrated into people's personal lives, with romantic relationship processes often unfolding in this new landscape. A large body of extant...
Article
Prior research has demonstrated that PWEs view intimate interpersonal relationships as personally important and as a substantive challenge in their lives. This is significant as high-quality intimate relationships have been linked with greater well-being and better healthcare self-management in other disease contexts. For persons with epilepsy (PWE...
Article
Research on aging and sexuality has proliferated in recent years. However, little is known about the gender-specific effects of aging on dating and sexuality. Using survey data from the 2014 wave of Singles in America (SIA), a comprehensive survey on adult singles' experiences with dating and sexuality, we examine whether age differentially affects...
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Coupledom and notions of intimacy and family formation with one committed partner are hallmarks of family and relationship science. Recent national surveys in the United States and Canada have found that consensually non-monogamous relationships are common, though prevalence of specific types of consensual non-monogamy are unknown. The present rese...
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Research links open communication and self-disclosure to a host of beneficial outcomes in romantic relationships, including better relationship quality, relationship satisfaction, feelings of closeness and commitment, and relationship longevity. However, learning some information about a partner may evoke negative consequences. In two studies, we e...
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Digital technologies are increasingly intertwined into people's sexual lives, with growing scholarly interest in the intersection of sex and technology (sex-tech). However, much of the literature is limited by its over emphasis on negative outcomes and the predominance of work by and about North Americans, creating the impression that sex-tech is l...
Article
Objective: Dual use of male condoms and female contraceptives is widely advocated for unplanned pregnancy prevention, yet college students often neglect condoms. This feasibility and acceptability study assessed the efficacy of a self-guided home-based condom-promotion intervention among college students in heterosexual relationships. Participants...
Article
Recently, mounting anecdotal reports – mostly by heterosexual women on Internet-based dating platforms – have drawn attention to the frequency of men sending unsolicited photos of their own genitals (i.e., “dick pics”). While initial research has documented that the sending of unsolicited nude pictures is fairly common, with generally similar under...
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Objective: Assess the impact of survey non-response and non-completion for a campus climate survey. Participants: Intended for all degree-seeking students at a large, public, midwestern university, November 2014. Methods: The survey covered sexual assault experiences and related attitudes. We identify the magnitude and potential impact of survey no...
Article
Recreational sex is a popular form of leisure that has been redefined by the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic. “Social distancing” rules have imposed limits on sex for leisure while also creating new opportunities. We discuss results from an online survey of 1,559 adults who were asked about the pandemic’s impact on their intimate lives. While nearl...
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Health-related cognitions associated with approach and avoidance motivations can impact individuals' decisions to engage in positive health behaviors, such as testing for HIV. Although HIV has historically primarily impacted sexual minorities, heterosexuals are at increasing risk for the disease in the U.S. Due to this shift in the epidemic, it is...
Article
The first national study of body image was reported four decades ago in the article The Happy American Body (Berscheid et al., 1973). To provide a modern follow-up to this study, we used two Internet panel surveys of U.S. adults to examine feelings about appearance (Survey 1: Married N = 1095; Single N = 5481) and weight, appearance, body, and musc...
Article
With the increasing prevalence of single adults in the United States, perceptions of marriage as the relationship “gold standard” may be diminishing. In this study (N = 6,576), we explored perceptions of married life in three subgroups of participants: Those who have never married, ever married, and currently married. Across subgroups, most did not...
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A key aspect of attachment functioning is the secure base, which empowers people to explore their environments, though some individuals do this more effectively than others. While most researchers have focused on adult attachment dynamics in terms of stress and threat (safe haven), we argue that concerted attention should also focus on relational p...
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Computer-mediated communication (CMC) is pervasive in our lives, influencing social interaction including human courtship. To connect with potential partners via CMC, modern relationship-seekers must master faster and shorter methods of communicating self-disclosure and affect. Although CMC can lack crucial sensory information in this context, emoj...
Article
Objective: A growing body of literature documents sexual problems following maltreatment and traumatic experience, but the mechanisms of these effects are poorly understood. The autonomic nervous system coordinates typical and threat-reactive functions throughout the body, including those of reproductive organs. We examined whether relations betwe...
Article
In recent years, sociocultural shifts in the U.S. have cast a positive light on the LGBTQ community, presumably providing benefits to sexual and gender minorities. Using a sample of single lesbian, gay, and bisexual men and women (N= 924) collected from a 2016 survey in the U.S., we assess bisexual people’s attitudes about the “LGBTQ community”, as...
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The present study examined how three psychosocial barriers—anticipated HIV stigma, HIV infectiousness-reduction beliefs, and optimism about available HIV treatments—related to HIV testing history and acceptance of an at-home HIV test among men who have sex with men. We also examined the mediating role of a variable that affects medical screening fo...
Article
A key aspect of attachment functioning is the secure base, which empowers people to explore their environments, though some individuals do this more effectively than others. While most researchers have focused on adult attachment dynamics in terms of stress and threat (safe haven), we argue that concerted attention should also focus on relational p...
Preprint
A key aspect of attachment functioning is the secure base, which empowers people to explore their environments, though some individuals do this more effectively than others. While most researchers have focused on adult attachment dynamics in terms of stress and threat (safe haven), we argue that concerted attention should also focus on relational p...
Article
Little is known about the role of affectionate behaviours — factors traditionally understood within the context of romantic relationships — in uncommitted ‘casual sex’ encounters. In a sample of U.S. undergraduate emerging adults aged 18–25 years ( N = 639) we conducted a preliminary internet-based questionnaire investigation into the role of affec...
Article
While a large body of research has sought to understand human longevity and caregiving (e.g., the grandmother hypothesis) from an evolutionary life history perspective, this same view has rarely been brought to bear on age-related changes in human sexuality. Moreover, much of the existing research on age-related patterns in human sexual behaviors a...
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In 2014, our university began posting educational fliers in bathroom stalls across campus in order to share resources and policies on sexual violence, which spurred numerous forms of graffiti commentary about sexual violence prevention and response. Since some scholars have argued that bathroom graffiti can be a unique form of social commentary and...
Article
The objective of this study was to, utilizing a Big Data set and innovative methods, explore romantic and sexual relationship-related concerns among people with epilepsy and their partners. We applied Word Adjacency Graph modeling to more than 2000 message board posts, and five distinct categories of romantic and sexual relationship-related concern...
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Purpose of Review Interest in consensually non-monogamous (CNM) relationships—in which partners have explicitly agreed that pursuing other romantic or sexual partners is permitted—has grown both among the American public and among researchers and practitioners. Yet, little is known about the prevalence of CNM relationships or factors related to eng...
Article
The current study compared perceived stress among married and single individuals across a variety of life domains in order to understand (1) the relationship between marital status and psychosocial mechanisms of stress and (2) the degree to which stress experienced in different domains is associated with other health problems (i.e., anxiety). Using...
Article
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) remains a controversial diagnosis: Some authors have argued that it pathologizes normal mood changes, and others have questioned the need for daily mood reports across multiple cycles. In the present study, we examined changes in mood among psychologically healthy young participants with regular menstrual cycl...
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Prior research has examined links between Dark Triad traits—Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism—and aggression in individuals, but not couples. Dating heterosexual couples self-reported measures of the Dark Triad and aggression (trait and displaced; Study 1) or negativity (Study 2). Actor–partner interdependence models showed positive lin...
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Background: The transmission of sexual images and messages via mobile phone or other electronic media (sexting) has been associated with a variety of mostly negative social and behavioural consequences. Research on sexting has focussed on youth, with limited data across demographics and with little known about the sharing of private sexual images a...
Article
We propose and test one aspect of the Parent–Partner–Peer Attachment Transfer (3PAT) model. Specifically, we examined whether adults who were more romantically avoidant were less likely to be nominated as friends by their peers. Social network analysis is ideal for this investigation because it integrates individuals (nodes) and their relationships...
Article
Background: The association between spirituality and emotional health has been well documented in healthy individuals. A small literature has shown that spirituality plays a role in well-being for some breast cancer survivors (BC survivors), however this link is virtually unexplored in partners/spouses of survivors. The current study aimed to asse...
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Little research has focused on the dating attitudes and behaviors of singles with dependent-age children. Using data collected from a nationally representative U.S. probability sample of single adults, we provide findings on dating attitudes and behaviors among 747 single parents in the United States, aged 21 years and older, who had one or more ch...
Article
Although academic and popular interest in consensual non-monogamy (CNM) is increasing, little is known about the prevalence of CNM. Using two separate nationally representative samples of single adults in the U.S. (Study 1: n = 3905; Study 2: n = 4813), the present studies find that more than one in five (21.9% in Study 1; 21.2% in Study 2) partici...
Article
While virginity prior to marriage has been historically valued, changing sociosexual scripts in the United States have made premarital sexual activity the norm for young adults, with sexual debut generally occurring in late adolescence. In the current research, we examined the impact of being developmentally off-time with first coitus (i.e., not ye...
Article
Objective: The current study evaluated women's salivary testosterone and estradiol levels before and after exposure to sexual stimuli in a U.S. sex club. Methods: Behavioral data and salivary samples were collected from 19 women during semi-structured interviews. Results: Findings demonstrate substantial individual differences in the magnitude and...
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Although the Dark Triad traits – narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy – have been studied in individuals, little is known about their roles in dating relationships. Forty-five heterosexual undergraduate couples (N = 90) reported measures of the Dark Triad and relationship commitment and satisfaction. Within couples, assortative mating was...
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Is the absence of biological fathers related to their daughters' earlier age at menarche? Drawing on evolutionary psychology and life history theory, prior research has suggested such a relationship (Belsky, Steinberg, and Draper, 1991; Draper and Harpending, 1982; Ellis, 2004). Although qualitative reviews have shown narrative support for this rel...
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Full-text available
Although the Dark Triad traits – narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy – have been studied in individuals, little is known about their roles in dating relationships. Forty-five heterosexual undergraduate couples (N = 90) reported measures of the Dark Triad and relationship commitment and satisfaction. Within couples, assortative mating was...
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Full-text available
This study addresses two limitations in the mate preferences literature. First, research all-too-often relies on single-item assessments of mate preferences precluding more advanced statistical techniques like factor analysis. Second, when factor analysis could be done, it exclusively has done for long-term mate preferences, at the exclusion of sho...
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How accurately do people perceive extreme water speeds and how does their perception affect perceived risk? Prior research has focused on the characteristics of moving water that can reduce human stability or balance. The current research presents the first experiment on people's perceptions of risk and moving water at different speeds and depths....
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Two studies (N = 80; N = 91) investigated whether sharing an autobiographical memory increases empathy for a person experiencing chronic pain. Across studies, empathy was assessed after reading a pain‐related narrative of either a 25‐ or 85‐year‐old target and again after assignment to one of two recall conditions. Conditions involved recalling a p...
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Although prior research has examined the relationship between genetic relatedness and helping behavior (Burnstein, Crandall, and Kitayama, 1994), less is known about its role in aggressive responses to insults (Fitzgerald and Ketterer, 2011). Drawing on inclusive fitness theory (Hamilton, 1964) and the Kinship, Acceptance, and Rejection Model of Al...
Article
Are altruism and aggression polar opposites, or are they two sides of the same coin? In this review, the authors examine the evolved biological roots of these behaviors and focus on the psychology of kinship and how it can serve to bridge both behaviors. Drawing on inclusive fitness theory (Hamilton, 1964), the kinship, acceptance, and rejection mo...

Citations

... This may increase the opportunity for vaccination. US research has found that GBM were aware of the risks of COVID-19 transmission, but continued to meet more social contacts and have more sex partners than heterosexual men during the pandemic [21]. The same study showed that GBM compensated for these risks by engaging in higher levels of protective behaviour (distancing and mask wearing) than heterosexual men, and suggested GBM would be motivated to seek vaccination to protect themselves and other people. ...
... Poor mental health itself, which shows a significantly higher prevalence in women with less education [49,50], correlates with lower sexual satisfaction [51]. This relationship feeds back: it has been observed that women with lower levels of sexual satisfaction have a higher risk of suffering from depression and/or anxiety throughout their lives and women with symptoms of anxiety and depression have a higher risk of sexual dissatisfaction [52]. On the other hand, the drugs that are administered for anxiety and depression have a significant deleterious effect on sexuality. ...
... The original scale had 113 items with 10 exploratory domains that were reduced by exploratory factor analyses to 65 items, covering 11 domains [18]. The AESMMI has been used in the evaluation of several selfmanagement programs [19][20][21][22][23]. ...
... During this transformative time people's quality of sex decreased, but there was a boost in sexual activities to increase sexual pleasure which is a restorative self-care practice. (Balzarini et al., 2021;Lehmiller et al., 2021). In the midst of such political and public health upheaval, it is liberatory and radical for Black people to conceptualize, pursue, and engage in good sex. ...
... In this study, we will focus on the analysis of polyamorous relationships through their protagonists' experiences and their expectations in Spain, to make visible the different forms that exist of affective-sexual relationships in society. We will also analyze, taking into account the existing literature, how people in Spain who have a CNM relationship feel stigmatized or misunderstood by society Grunt-Mejer & Campbell, 2016;Hutzler et al., 2016) and face situations of discrimination and rejection (Moors et al., 2021) including the workplace (Lesher, 2013) and their social and family circles (Moors et al., 2021). ...
... We recruited a young adult sample via social media because sexting is very common in young adults who are active on social media (Gesselman et al., 2020;Klettke et al., 2014;Wysocki & Childers, 2011). Young adulthood is defined as the age between 18 nd 40 years and characterized by the developmental task of balancing intimacy and isolation (Erikson, 1968). ...
... 48 Six of the 22 studies included both male and female university students. 28,33,35,37,41,45 Two other studies included students: a study by Sousa et al. included adolescent and young adult students 13-26 years, 40 29 and another study that used quantitative methods studied married men 15-49 years. 46 Finally, two studies did not specify the ages of the respondents but included married women and what the authors described as a "community-based sample." ...
... Moreover, lifetime prevalence of any form of intimate partner violence (IPV) in a sample of current Grindr users was 37.7 %, with 24 % reporting being a victim of emotional IPV, 11.4 % sexual IPV, 10.3 % physical IPV, 9.7 % intimidation IPV, 5.1 % isolation IPV, and 4.6 % financial IPV (Duncan et al., 2018). Other studies reveal high rates of unsolicited nude self-image receipt and distribution; Marcotte et al. (2021), in their survey of women and gay/bisexual men, found that 53.3 % of participants had ever received a picture of a man's genitalia, or "dick pic," and of these, 90 % had ever received one without asking or approving. Nearly one in two (48 %) heterosexual men in Oswald et al.'s (2020) study indicated having previously sent unsolicited dick pics. ...
... COVID-19-related social mitigation practices including partial lockdown, mass gathering restrictions, and social distancing measures present unique challenges for this population that may restrict opportunities for building romantic bonds. Despite these hurdles, many individuals remain actively engaged in romantic pursuit, often aided by technology-facilitated interactions (Lehmiller et al., 2020). ...
... rates among students due to low response rates and nonresponse and self-selection bias (Anderson et al., 2021;Cantor et al., 2017;Giroux et al., 2020;Krebs et al., 2016;Rosenberg et al., 2019;Rosenthal & Freyd, 2018). ...