Alan Chong's research while affiliated with National University of Singapore and other places

Publication (1)

Article
Democracy as political doctrine has its fair share of controversies over the adjudication of rights and the prioritization of the individual over the community. These debates have largely derived from its western genesis. The current stage of global development has however supplied many non-western perspectives on democracy which suggest that any c...

Citations

... Singapore exemplifies Zakaria's (2003) description of an illiberal democracy, with democratic institutions (e.g., Westminster-style parliamentary democracy) but without robust protection of rights such as free expression and privacy that liberal democracies have. Singapore's founding prime minister, Lee Kuan Yew, justified Singapore's mode of governance by arguing that Asian societies, especially in East Asian countries, share "Asian values," such as valuing loyalty over rights (Chong, 2008;Khoo, 1999). Critics rebutted this argument by noting Asia's historical and contemporary diversity (Sen, 1997), and the argument seems to have lost some currency in recent decades (Tan & Lee, 2007). ...