Abdul Razzaq Al-Shamari's research while affiliated with Kuwait Oil Company and other places

Publications (19)

Conference Paper
Full-text available
A Gas/Gas shell and tube heat exchanger in gas dehydration unit in gathering center of Oil & Gas production company had failed repeatedly over the years. To investigate the cause of this repetitive failure, detailed visual inspection & Non-Destructive testing (NDT) of a piece of shell plate and pieces of tube from an old scrapped gas/gas heat excha...
Article
Full-text available
Microbiologically influenced corrosion is the degradation of a material under the influence of environmental factors complicated by the metabolic activities of microorganisms. Microbiological attack on process equipment used in the petroleum industry results in increased operating expenses and reduced income.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The producing wells in South Burgan field, Kuwait Oil Company, have recently reported increase in water cut with simultaneous drop in oil production. Several wells have showed indications of scale formation to varying degrees at the well-heads‟ chokes and in the flowlines, that transferring the crude to the gathering centers. Scale deposits compris...
Article
Full-text available
Internal corrosion monitoring and fluid analysis data from operating plants can provide guidance to asset owners for corrective and/or preventive measures to mitigate corrosion and also determine inspection requirements. Results from these activities can be compared with actual inspection findings during facility shutdown to evaluate the monitoring...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Consider a crude oil handling system, with various degrees of water separation/accumulation, which has been experiencing increased corrosion over a period of time. If the trend of increasing corrosion rate versus time parallels the corresponding trend of water separation/accumulation as well as bacteria population density over that same period of t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Internal Corrosion Management Program (ICMP) was initiated by the Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) in 1999 to implement internal corrosion control measures in order for the Company to reduce and control internal corrosion risks to all its production and processing plants. The intent was to implement an internal corrosion management system, whereby syst...
Presentation
Full-text available
In the oil & gas industry, key performance indicators (KPI) are used to track the efficiency of the prevailing corrosion risk management strategy for the preservation of pipeline integrity. This includes the integration of corrosion monitoring, process monitoring, inspection, mitigation, environmental control, and materials management. At Kuwait Oi...
Conference Paper
Kuwait currently produces about 3 million barrels of crude oil per day and has a large pipeline network system for handling its oil and associated products (condensate, low pressure and high pressure gas, as well as produced and effluent waters). The total length of the pipeline network is about 4790 Km consisting of API 5L Grade-B carbon steel ran...
Article
Many pipelines used to transport high pressure gas to long distances are made from carbon steel plates by spiral welding. There are instances in which such pipelines gave a long service in sour atmospheres. But, when they failed, they failed catastrophically and sometimes repeated failures occurred. In one such failure instance, the pipeline in the...
Presentation
Full-text available
Bacteria population density may provide a viable corrosion control metric for microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) in oilfield water handling systems. This could ensure that the population of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB), acid producing bacteria (APB), general aerobic bacteria (GAB), and general anaerobic bacteria (GAnB) in the operating...
Article
Kuwait is the 5th largest oil producer in the world with a current crude oil production represents about 9% of the world's oil. The country's goal is to increase the production through the Strategic Plan 2020 and the Strategic Plan 2030. The Kuwait Oil Company (KOC) is the primary national organization responsible for exploration, drilling, product...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Bacteria population density may provide a viable corrosion control metric for microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) in oilfield water handling systems so that the population of the different strains of bacteria such as sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB), acid producing bacteria (APB) [also classified as general aerobic bacteria (GAB)] and gener...
Article
Design Flaw Induced Corrosion (DFIC) is a new term coined by the authors to capture those corrosion failures in some exotic alloys that have occurred within a short period of service in an environment where the metallurgy of the failed component is compatible. DFIC is not new to the process industry. The purpose of coining the new term is to bring...
Article
Springs made from UNS NO7750 for pressure relief valves (PRV) that were installed in oxygen scavenger skids failed by extensive corrosion after a short time period of two years. The metallurgical compatibility between the material used for springs and the process fluid was considered adequate. A thorough investigation was performed, which included...
Article
Proper Quality control (QC) plays a vital role during manufacturing of Oil and Gas facilities new equipment. Improper QC does occur sometimes resulting in sub-standard products, which may be silent for years till the right conditions are in place and then contributes to major failures. These non-conformances during manufacturing may lead to acceler...
Article
In the oil and gas industry non-conformances and lack of quality control such as mix up of metallurgy and the use of non-NACE compliant material are sometimes encountered at the component fabrication or repair stage which may go unnoticed for years till a problem occurs. From a corrosion point of view, some of these non-conformances may not be detr...
Article
Nickel Aluminum Bronze (NAB) is frequently the material of choice for the fabrication of equipment such as pumps, valves, etc. for seawater service. In general, the corrosion performance of this alloy material in seawater is very satisfactory and its resistance to cavitation is excellent. However, component failures have been occasionally encounter...

Citations

... Many pipelines and pressure vessels have failed by SOHIC mechanism. SOHIC is combination effects of H 2 S and tensile stresses in either applied or residual form (Al-Shamari et al., 2014;Albarran et al., 2002;Azevedo, 2007;Kim et al., 2010;Kobayashi et al., 2014). This type of crack is generally, but not exclusively, found adjacent to a weld. ...
... Once defined by a major company, KPI values often replicate across the industry and are used to assess the efficacy of mitigation programs (El-Sherik, 2017). Typical empirical KPIs used by field operators in the Oil and Gas sector can range between 1 and 10,000 bacteria per milliliter or cm 2 , being in most cases 100 bacteria per ml or cm 2 the maximum tolerable concentration for cultivable sulfate reducers (Al-Shamari et al., 2013). Yet, ideally, the definition of microbial KPIs should be made in a case-by-case basis, taking into account trends of the microbiological, physicochemical and operational context, rather than adopting a generic figure (NACE-International, 2018). ...
... Al-Sulaiman et al. (Al-Sulaiman et al., 2010) found indications of severe internal corrosion on a light crude oil (LCO) pipeline from API 5L-Grade B interconnecting a wet tank to a common header with corrosion depth of more than half of pipeline wall thickness. In spite of its 30-year design life, the pipeline was corroded within 7 years of operation. ...