A.T. Beck's research while affiliated with Stratford University and other places

Publications (12)

Article
To ascertain how useful the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSI; Beck & Steer, Manual for Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (1991)) would be for assessing the severity of suicidal ideation in patients who were diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective, or bipolar disorders, 142 inpatients were asked to complete the BSI. Eight (6%) patients refus...
Article
To ascertain how effective the seven-item Beck Depression Inventory-FastScreen for medical patients (BDI-FS) was in screening geriatric (> 55 years old) patients for depression, the BDI-FS and the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-S) were administered to 33 (44%) male and 42 (56%) female outpatients who were scheduled for routine office visit...
Article
Scales for measuring current suicide ideation (SSI-C), suicide ideation at its worst point in the patient's life (SSI-W), and hopelessness (BHS) were administered to 3,701 outpatients seeking psychiatric treatment. Thirty patients from this sample eventually committed suicide, within a mean of 4 years from the initial assessment. Based on cut-off s...
Article
This paper is a sequel to an earlier result of the authors that in making inferences from certain probabilistic knowledge bases the maximum entropy inference process, ME, is the only inference process respecting “common sense.” This result was criticized on the grounds that the probabilistic knowledge bases considered are unnatural and that ignoran...
Article
Weighted least-squares factor analyses of the tetrachoric correlations, principal components analyses of the G-index correlations, and principal components analyses of the phi correlations among the 20 items of the Beck Hopelessness Scale were conducted with 1,126 outpatients who were diagnosed with primary mood disorders and 732 who were diagnosed...

Citations

... Inclusion criteria: a) be of legal age; b) voluntarily participate in the study; c) meet diagnostic criteria for emotional disorders (anxiety/depression) and trauma, stress-related disorders in accordance with the International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Mini, version 5.0 [37], and show a score ≤ 25 in Beck's Anxiety Depression Inventory [38] and/or ≤ 30 in the Beck-BDI-II Depression Inventory [39]; d) have access to computer equipment with an Internet connection; e) have a valid email address; f ) have basic digital skills in the use of an operating system and Internet browsing. Exclusion criteria: a) psychotic disorder; b) alcohol and drug abuse; c) medical condition whose severity or characteristics prevent the intervention; d) be receiving psychological and/or pharmacological treatment during the study. ...
... Incluso, en la versión en español se han hecho diversas traducciones y adaptaciones en países hispanoamericanos, como España, Perú, Colombia, Argentina y México, en los que se confirma su utilidad como uno de los instrumentos más generalizados en el ámbito clínico para el tamizaje de la depresión y el riesgo suicida (Aliaga et al., 2006;Bobes et al., 2002;Córdova & Rosales, 2011;González, 2009;Mikulic et al., 2009). Sin embargo, en dichos trabajos no se ha logrado replicar la estructura factorial original, ni la que se ha propuesto recientemente para la adaptación a otros países (Innamorati et al., 2014;Kocalevent et al., 2017;Steer et al., 1997). ...
... At the first administration (T 0 ), at the end of the third (T 1 ) and the sixth month (T 2 ) of galcanezumab treatment, the headache diaries were analyzed to assess headache days per month, migraine attacks per month, pain intensity (assessed by numerical rating scale [NRS]), headache duration (mean headache hours when treated), response to painkiller (pain-free after two hours), acute pain medication intake. Moreover, all patients underwent an extensive interview aimed to explore a) migrainerelated disability (MIDAS) and impact by Headache Impact Test (HIT-6), b) the presence of comorbid depression and anxiety by the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS); c) quality of sleep by the Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Sleep Scale d) quality of life by the migraine-specific quality-of-life questionnaire (MSQ), e) Allodynia Symptom Checklist-12 (ASC-12) and f ) Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) [13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21]. During the six months period of observation, all adverse events (AE) related to the drug were recorded and used as a safety measure. ...
... 3. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) for depression assessment: Beck's study reported a Cronbach's coefficient alpha rating of 0.92. The BDI-II positively correlated with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, r = 0.71, had a one-week test-retest reliability of r = 0.93 and an internal consistency α = 0.91 [17]. The questionnaires were done before the auto refraction assessment. ...
... The BDI-II consists of a 21-item selfreported instrument that assesses depression levels in general and psychiatric populations. The BDI-II was selected for this study because of its relatively short administration time and strong psychometric support (Beck and Steer, 1996). ...
... Participants were then given a web link at the initial appointment and were asked to complete the UPPS impulsive behaviour scale (Whiteside & Lynam, 2001), Beck Depression Inventory (Beck et al., 1996), State Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, 2010) and CAGE questionnaire (Mayfield et al., 1974). ...
... in our probabilistic plausibility models will be exactly the same as in the general (non-converse-wellfounded, non-probabilistic) plausibility models. Connections to inference processes Our probabilistic plausibility models can also be seen as a generalization and refinement of Paris' inference processes (Paris 1994;Paris and Rad 2008;Paris and Vencovska 1997). Roughly speaking, an inference process is a map Bel assigning to each set M ⊆ M O of distributions some "believed" distribution Bel(M) ∈ M. The definition in Paris (1994) actually restricts the domain of Bel to a subclass of P(M O ) (namely the ones definable by a set of linear inequalities), 13 but our more general setting extends this to all sets of distributions. ...
... Despite the advantages of neuroleptics, individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia have high relapse rates (Ilott, 2005). One fourth to half of individuals who adhere to pharmacological treatment still have considerable difficulty (Rector, 2004). The limited symptomatic benefit of neuroleptics for schizophrenia is illustrated by the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) more liberal requirements for symptom improvement (Patterson, Albala, McCahill, & Edwards, 2006). ...
... While our data do not make it possible to test for these two interpretations, existing evidence tends to show no gender difference in suicidal tendencies (cf. Beck et al. 1999;Kessler et al. 2005). Model coefficients for age, period, and cohort are centred (ANOVA constraints), meaning that their sum is 0. We interpret them in relation to this value, which shows the mean effect of all ages, periods, and cohorts combined. ...