A. Martinoli's research while affiliated with Università degli Studi dell'Insubria and other places

Publications (13)

Article
Full-text available
Migratory birds need to stop along their route to rest and feed at so called stopover sites. “Bolle di Magadino” is a protected wetland located near lake Maggiore (CH), an internationally recognized nesting and stop-over site for birds. The waters of Lake Maggiore are important resources for multiple usages, and are artificially regulated through a...
Article
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Dry stone-walled terraces are peculiar features of Mediterranean farmland, representing typical examples of social-ecological systems combining ecological functionality and ecosystem services provision. In the Shouf Biosphere Reserve (Lebanon) a program of restoration of abandoned terraces applying Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) principles is o...
Article
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Human activities are affecting habitats and wildlife populations worldwide. Tropical forests are one of the most affected environments, mainly due to deforestation and poaching. Since high levels of anthropogenic pressure on forest ecosystems, including illegal logging and hunting, occur in southwest Myanmar (Rakhine State), we analyzed the effects...
Article
Biological invasions are one of the major drivers of global environmental change and there is a need to develop integrated strategies to counteract this phenomenon. Eradication is an effective management option to mitigate the deleterious impacts of invasive alien species (IAS). Eradication can be achieved if all reproductive individuals are remove...
Article
Full-text available
When an alien species is introduced in a new area, the new population may be genetically and phenotypically different from the parent population because of the population bottleneck, increased inbreeding rate and adaptation to the new environment. In this study we investigated the variation in shape and size of the mandible among and within three p...
Article
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The EU Regulation no.1143/2014 on invasive species requires the EU Member States to respond promptly and efficiently in eradicating the invasive alien species listed as species of Union concern. The Northern raccoon (Procyon lotor) was introduced in Northern Italy along the river Adda and we carried out its eradication campaign between 2016 and 201...
Conference Paper
Biological invasions can affect native species through several ecological processes such as competition, predation and hybridization. The outcome of the invasion may also be affected by parasites, as has been reported for several introduced species, and infection transmission can become a threat to native species and humans. The aim of the present...
Article
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Information on the abundance of the Italian populations of black grouse (Lyrurus tetrix), Alpine rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta helvetica) and Alpine rock partridge (Alectoris graeca saxatilis) rely only on extrapolations of local data to the national scale, since there is no national standardized survey. Consequently, their status is virtually unkno...
Article
Full-text available
Alien species can affect native species through several ecological processes such as competition. Here we tested the hypothesis of interspecific competition for space and food resources between the native Eurasian red squirrel and the invasive Pallas’s squirrel introduced in Italy. We used an experimental study design comparing space and habitat us...
Article
We analysed space use strategies in two populations of Alpine Rock Ptar-migan Lagopus muta helvetica considering three topographical variables (elevation, slope and aspect) to investigate whether populations living at range margins can adapt to suboptimal conditions by exploiting the available habitat differently. Selection for topographic features...
Poster
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On the night between 12 and 13 November 2012, the wildlife task force’s police officers of the Province of Varese were charged with the recovery the of the dead body of a “wolf-like” animal, run over by car, on a road in Somma Lombardo, not far away from Milano Malpensa Airport. The physical traits of the animal led the officers and the wildlife ad...
Article
a b s t r a c t Secondary metabolites (SMs) are organic compounds of low molecular mass that represent a vast chem-ical diversity. In plants, one of their preeminent roles is their repellent activity against predators. The Eurasian red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) is one of the most important predators of conifer tree seeds in boreal and alpine for...

Citations

... In this context, mesocarnivores like red foxes and leopard cats behave as urban adapters in disturbed habitats (Duduś et al. 2014) and spatially coexist with species-speci c human tolerances. Leopard cats showed a stronger spatial association with humans than red foxes, based on positive interaction on occasion length of 7 days for leopard cat and 14 days for red fox (Fig. 2c and Fig. 2d) (Cremonesi et al. 2021). On the contrary, inside the park, red fox and leopard cat did not co-occur and spatially avoided each other ( Fig. 2a and Fig. 2b). ...
... At the same time, hydrophobic analytes are retained in the interior phase via a partitioning mechanism. Thus, the RAM can be classified based on the nature of exclusion barriers to covalent bond or adsorption or physical and chemical barriers ( Fig. 7) [45][46][47]. ...
... In fact, the village in the province of Varese where the species was first recorded is known for a large number of vacation houses belonging to people from Belgium and the Netherlands. However, the possibility of an independent introduction through pet trade cannot be discarded [74]. ...
... Amongst conservation scientists, global consensus highlights that alien species represent one of the main causes of the worldwide current biodiversity crisis (Blackburn et al. 2019;Liu et al. 2020;Pyšek et al. 2020). Following a parsimony principle, all alien species may exert impacts on native ecosystems (Kumschick and Nentwig 2010;Blackburn et al. 2014;Evans et al. 2018), and these effects should be limited through addressed management actions (Hulme 2006;Mazzamuto et al. 2020;Saavedra and Medina 2020), often involving high economic costs Diagne et al. 2020). Early detection and surveillance programs of new invasions (or newly invaded areas) by alien Emiliano Mori emiliano.mori@cnr.it 1 3 in Mediterranean countries (e.g. ...
... Il diffondersi di questa malattia, incurabile fino al 1885, anno in cui Pasteur eseguì la prima vaccinazione antirabbica, rese i lupi molto più aggressivi e iniziarono a rappresentare un concreto pericolo anche per gli esseri umani (Ortalli, 1997). Nonostante sia difficile capire quanto sia stato reale e quanto sia stato esagerato dall'immaginazione popolare, anche perché talvolta gli attacchi del lupo venivano utilizzati per "nascondere" altre motivazioni reali (Brigadoi, 2018), gli aspetti comportamentali, morfologici ed ecologici della specie, desunti dai documenti reperiti da Comincini et al. (2002), coincidono con quelli rilevati dagli studi zoologici recenti, e l'attendibilità delle fonti archivistiche è dimostrata dal fatto che talvolta, sullo stesso evento, la documentazione prodotta da autorità differenti combacia perfettamente, trovando gli stessi riferimenti sia nei testi prodotti dalle autorità civili, sia da quelle religiose, talvolta anche di Paesi diversi (Ortalli, 1997), come la costruzione di apposite mura di Vicenza a difesa del bestiame dall'attacco dei lupi nel Duecento e nel Trecento (ivi). ...
... Questo è particolarmente vero in quelle aree densamente popolate ed intensivamente utilizzate dall'uomo (Storch, 2007) come le Alpi. In questi ultimi decenni stiamo assistendo sull'intero Arco Alpino ad una rarefazione più o meno veloce delle popolazioni di Tetraonidi (Tosi et al., 2005;Storch, 2007;Martinoli et al., 2017). La tendenza al regresso si concretizza nella diminuzione degli effettivi dovuta alla contrazione ed alla frammentazione dell'areale (Partel, 2018). ...
... Home range is the area within which an animal moves while carrying out its normal activities such as mating, caring for young, foraging or hunting (Burt 1943). Home range sizes vary among individuals of a species due to a range of factors (McLoughlen & Ferguson 2000), including sex (Bengsen 2016), age (Cederlund & Sand 1994), body size (McNab 1963), season (Mayer et al. 2019), population density (Bengsen 2016), food availability (Saputra et al. 2017), predators (Picardi et al. 2019) and competitors (Mazzamuto et al. 2017). A global analysis showed that feral cat home range was influenced by sex (males having larger home ranges than females), body size (larger cats have larger home ranges), population density (denser populations associated with smaller home ranges), and productivity of the environment (productive environments associated with smaller home ranges) (Bengsen et al. 2016). ...
... Currently used grouse census methods are rather standardized and are usually performed in two different periods (Gilbert et al. 1998;Bibby et al. 2000): in spring lekking or displaying behaviour offer the chance to estimate male densities and winter survival (Bossert 1977;Cayford and Walker 1991;Favaron et al. 2006;Pearce-Higgins et al. 2007;Sadoti et al. 2016), while breeding success is evaluated through late summer counts, with (Moss and Oswald 1985;Bowker et al. 2007) or without (Helle et al. 2016) the help of pointing dogs. Nonetheless, the actual implementation of such methods can broadly change between and within states, as a consequence of different game management principles and policies (see for a European review, Putman et al. 2011), centralized or decentralized hunting authority, environmental characteristics (chiefly topography, Marty and Mossoll-Torres 2011;Bisi et al. 2017), bird population densities (Höglund and Stohr 1997) and hunting traditions. Variability lies in the number, size and density of sampling areas, timing of counts, number of repeats per season, fieldworkers' skill, use of playback devices and data recorded (sex, age, etc.). ...
... Squirrels from both habitats fed mainly on hazelnuts, one of the primary food items in their natural diet (Krauze-Gryz and Gryz 2015). Consumption of spruce seeds was higher in urban squirrels, but in total, both groups ate only very few spruce seeds despite spruce cones being another one of their major food sources in the wild (Moller 1983;Gurnell 1987;Di Pierro et al. 2011, Rubino et al. 2012. However, squirrels have to invest more time for stripping cones than for cracking a hazelnut whereas the latter provides a higher amount of energy. ...