A. Kur's scientific contributions

Publication (1)

Article
Recapitulating, after implementation of the Trade Mark Harmonization Directive is completed, acquisition and protection of (registered) trademarks will be subject to basically the same substantive rules in all the Member States, life will be made easier for applicants and trademark owners and the flow of trade within the internal market will be fac...

Citations

... The first, and perhaps most problematic for the UK, will be the loss of access to the specialized IP agencies and systems that form part of the EU's acquis. In the fields of trade mark and patent, IP policy has moved from the approximation of national laws so as to facilitate market integration (see for example European Commission, 1976, p. 7 for justifications for the creation of an EEC trademark; see also Kur, 1997;Dinwoodie, 2013) to the establishment of supranational regimes. In the 1990s, the then European Economic Community (EEC) established the Community Trade Mark, by way of Council Regulation No.40/94, allowing for a single registration at the Office for the Harmonization of the Internal Market (OHIM) resulting in automatic protection in the entire EEC upon approval of the application (for more on the Community Trade Mark, see Jehoram et al., 2010, p. 17). ...