A. Kloosterman's research while affiliated with Netherlands Forensic Institute and other places

Publications (5)

Article
Full-text available
The judgment of the Court of Appeal in R v T [1] raises several issues relating to the evaluation of scientific evidence that, we believe, require a response. We, the undersigned, oppose any response to the judgment that would result in a movement away from the use of logical methods for evidence evaluation. A paper in this issue of the Journal [2]...
Article
In dit artikel beschouwen we verschillende soorten databankmatches tussen het DNA-profiel van een spoor en dat van een persoon. Ter verduidelijking geven wij hieronder alvast de definities van de gehanteerde termen: echte match: de persoon is de donor van het spoor; toevallige match (vals positieve match): de persoon is niet de donor van het spoor;...
Article
Als bij het onderzoek in een strafzaak de DNA-profielen van een spoor en een verdachte matchen wordt dit algemeen beschouwd als zeer sterk bewijsmateriaal dat het spoor afkomstig is van de verdachte. Maar geldt dit ook als deze persoon op een speciale manier als verdachte in beeld is gekomen, namelijk doordat met deze persoon een match in de DNA-da...

Citations

... But perhaps the biggest shift in the narrative deployed by forensic science with regard to characterizing uncertainty is in addressing the quantifiable or unquantifiable nature of uncertainty. Until recently, the most popular response to evaluating uncertainty in forensic science has been that of quantification, supported to a great extent by a number of academics and policymakers 29,87 . The measurement of uncertainty was a significant topic of discussion in the National Academy of Science's seminal report 29 , while reports and guidance documents of the Forensic Science Regulator have regularly highlighted it 67,88 . ...
... The NFI has provided professionals in the criminal justice system with general information on errors in forensic DNA analysis in the NFI sourcebook on forensic DNA typing [26]. The error issue is further discussed in papers [27,28] and in courses given to lawyers and police. Figures on error rates can be downloaded from the NFI website (http://www.nederlandsforensischinstituut.nl/over_het_nfi/organisatie/kwaliteit/ ...
... Exchange of DNA and dactyloscopic data under Prüm arrangements have already struck difficulties with harmonisation of technologies and problems raised by 'near matches' or mis-typing of DNA 41 . With fingerprint database searches, there were large 'fishing expeditions' leading to official limits over concerns that national databases were damaged by overwhelming search volumes. ...