A Kibon's research while affiliated with University of Maiduguri and other places

Publications (22)

Article
Full-text available
The proximate, mineral, amino acid and phytochemical composition of raw and boiled Detarium microcarpum seeds were investigated with the view to sourcing alternative local raw materials for livestock feed production. The results of the proximate profile of boiled and raw D. microcarpum seeds were: dry matter (89.42-93.65%), organic matter (86.62-90...
Article
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An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of inclusion levels of groundnut haulms (GH) and maize offal (MO) on some blood metabolites from twenty Bunaji bulls. The bulls were divided into four groups in a completely randomized design. They were fed signal grass (Brachiaria decumbens) hay ad libitum and concentrate diets containing groundnu...
Article
Full-text available
Animal carcasses vary in composition through genetic, age and sex of animal, nutritional and environmental effects. Twenty Bunaji bulls with average live weights of 196±0.5 kg and aged between 21/ and 3 years were used for the trial. The bulls were divided to four groups of five 2 animals balanced by weight with an animal as a replicate in a comple...
Article
The most important crop residues in Northern Nigeria are sorghum, millet, groundnut and cowpea straws. The cereal straws especially sorghum is the most important for cattle feeding during the dry season when grass and fodder is limiting, but cereal straw has a poor nutritive value due to low nitrogen and extensive lignification. The use of chemical...
Article
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Dressing percentage and carcass characteristics of Bunaji bulls fattened on varying inclusion levels of groundnut haulms and maize offal 1 2 1 3 1 1 Animal carcasses vary in composition through genetic, age and sex of animal, nutritional and environmental effects. Twenty Bunaji bulls with average live weights of 196±0.5 kg and aged 1 between 2 / an...
Article
Full-text available
Assessing the nutritional status of Bunaji bulls fattened on varying inclusions of groundnut haulms and maize offal using some blood metabolites 1 2 1 3 1 1 1 An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of inclusion levels of groundnut haulms (GH) and maize offal (MO) on some blood metabolites from twenty Bunaji bulls. The bulls were divided...
Article
Full-text available
Two hundred and twenty five day-old 'Sayed' broiler chicks were used to assess the performance, feed cost and nutrient retention of cooked Detarium microcarpum seed meal (DMSM) diets as protein supplement replacing groundnut cake. Five treatment diets (DM0, DM5, DM10, DM 15 and DM20) that contained 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% cooked DMSM at 80 minutes dur...
Article
The effect of supplement multinutrient block on the Performance of sheep grazing natural pasture was investigated in on farm trial Fifteen (15) Yankasa sheep aged between 14 to 16 months with mean live weights of 37±1.0kg were used for this study and were divided into three groups with five sheep per treatment. The block intake, live weight gain an...
Article
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A 12-week study was conducted to investigate response of weaner rabbits to diets containing graded levels, 0, 5, 10 and 15%, of dietary Detarium microcarpum fruit pulp meal (DFPM). Twenty-four, 4-week-old mixed breed weaner rabbits divided into 4 groups of 6 rabbits were randomly assigned to the four dietary treatments in a completely randomized de...
Article
This study was carried out to study the effect of alkali treatment of sorghum stover supplemented with or without poultry litter on feed and live body weight change of growing cattle. Twelve Heifers of mixed breed aged between 16 to 22 months with a mean live weight of 110±8.7 kg were randomly allotted to groups (three animals each). Alkali treated...
Article
In vitro and in vivo experiments were carried out to evaluate the nutritive value of three tropical browse species as assessed by DM and CP digestibility, and NDF and ADF degradability with incubation times (T) of 6, 12, 24 and 48h. During the in vivo digestibility experiment three male castrated sheep (age 16 - 25 months) with a mean liveweight of...
Article
Four 18-26 months old castrated Borno whitexSokoto Red goats were used in a 4x4 Latin square design to measure the dry matter intake (DMI), daily body weight change and dry matter digestibility (DMD) of four native Nigerian browse species, (Ziziphus spinochrist, Wild., Acacia albida, Del., Sterculia satigera, Guill. and Anogeissus licocarpus, Guill...
Article
The effect of feeding cotton seed cake and work intensity on the performance of work bulls was studied. Four bulls were paired according to their size and body weight and the experiment continued over a period of 12 weeks during which each bulls was subjected to one of the four treatments for a period of 3 weeks. The treatments were T1 (4h of work...
Article
The effects of pasture height and of a cereal-based concentrate or a sugar-beet pulp supplement were studied with 30 spring-calving cows on continuously stocked, perennial ryegrass dominant pasture in a 3 × 3 latin-square design with periods of 4 weeks. Pastures were maintained at heights of about 5·0 cm (short) or 6·5 cm (control). On the short pa...
Article
Full-text available
Eight weeks feeding trial was conducted to assess the effect of graded levels of enzyme supplemented cassava peel meal on carcass characteristics and its cost benefit. Five experimental diets were formulated in which enzyme supplemented cassava peel meal replaced maize at 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% in both starter and finisher phases. One hundred and t...
Article
A study was conducted to determine the consumption and acceptability of goat milk. One-hundred and fifty questionnaires were randomly administered in the month of November 2008 to goat farmers in both Mubi South and Mubi North local Government Areas. Data showed that 70.8% of the respondents rejected and 23.6% rejected the consumption of goat milk...
Article
Full-text available
Six weeks feeding trial was conducted to assess the digestibility and economic potentials of maize offal, rice offal and brewers dried grains as feed stuffs for Japanese quail. Sixty Japanese quail chicks were randomly allocated to four dietary treatments with three replications of five birds per replicate. The result of nutrients digestibility sho...

Citations

... The antioxidant activity of phenolic compounds and flavonoids in biological systems, as single oxygen scavengers as well as freer radicals have been reported to be associated. [32,33] Due to its ability to penetrate biological membranes, hydrogen peroxide is a particularly targeted and highly significant reactive oxygen species. However, by reacting with Fe2+ and presumably Cu2+ ions, it may be toxic if converted into hydroxyl radical in the cell. ...
... The main components of cement are silica and quicklime, with lesser amounts of oxides of aluminum, magnesium, sulfur, iron and potassium [53]. Mubi et al. [54] reported that cement contained 26 ppm iron, 180 ppm manganese and 139 ppm magnesium. Therefore, cement not only acts as a curing agent but also provides minerals. ...
... At carbohydrates in the concentrate can be expected that these affect the pattern of fatty acids in the rumen (Khorasani et al., 1993). Many studies (Kibon and Holmes, 1987;Sloan et al., 1987;Jackson et al., 1991;Schwarz et al., 1995) showed that concentrates rich in crude fi bre with those high in starch lead to no signifi cant effects on milk fat content. On the other hand, in some experiments a higher fat content was found after feeding the components high in fi bre (De Visser et al., 1990;Valk et al., 1990). ...
... Tewe, (2004) reported that the use of cassava peels as feed for non-ruminant animals is limited by its high crude fibre and hydrocyanic acid contents which is deleterious to their growth and development. Various processing methods of cassava peels including soaking in water and retting (Salami and Odunsi, 2003), sun-drying (Akinfala et al., 2007), parboiling (Salami, 1999), treatment with alkaline solution of lye (Oladunjoye et al., 2010), ensiling (Dairo, 2011), wet grating prior to retting and drying (ILRN, 2015) and enzyme supplementation (Midau et al., 2011) among others have been used to reduce its high fibre and hydrocyanic acid contents for monogastrics. Of all these processing methods, drying has been found to be more effective but it takes approximately 3 to 5 days for the peels to properly dry, hence it is more feasible and effective during the dry season of the year (Adesehinwa et al., 2011). ...
... Tallow seed was reported by Uchegbu et al. (2009) to contain a sufficient amount of protein (17 36%), carbohydrate (39 66%) and fats (10 17%) with relatively adequate proportions of lysine and methionine as a percentage of the protein (2.14 and 1.0% respectively). In the feeding trial conducted by Obun et al. (2011), the authors reported thatwhen tallow seed meal was boiled for 80 minutes, about 20% was incorporated in the diet of starter chicks without any adverse effects on growth performance. Furthermore, Obun (2013) reported that raw tallow seed meal can be included in the broiler diet up to the 5% level without influencing the acceptability of the feed and haematological and biochemical indices of broilers.However, there is a dearth of information on the potential of D. microcarpumseed meal as an alternative feed source for rabbits. ...
... Fibre values observed in this study were higher than those of some browse species but not grass species reported by Abebe et al. (2012). There were somewhat higher values of NDF, ADF, Ca and P, and lower of CP content observed for F. gnaphalocarpa in this study than that of Yahaya et al. (2001). However, Salem et al. (2006) observed high-fibre contents in some of the browse species they studied. ...
... Acorde con Salvador y Martínez (2007), el contenido nutrimental de la leche de cabra puede variar por factores intrínsecos como el genotipo, la raza, edad, etapa de lactancia y extrínsecos como el tipo de alimentación y la estacionalidad. Actualmente las investigaciones sobre el efecto de la estacionalidad en la leche de cabra han sido desarrolladas en países como Nigeria, Polonia y Reino Unido (Midau et al., 2010;Brodziak et al., 2014;Chen et al., 2014). En México, las investigaciones más recientes en leche de cabra no han considerado la estacionalidad y solamente han determinado el contenido nutrimental y microbiológico de este producto . ...
... This might be due to decrease in calcium utilization leading to less deposition of calcium in egg shell as influenced by high dietary fibre content in BDG diets. Augustine et al. (2010) reported low nutrient digestibility in quails fed high fibre diet. Similarly, Nwoko et al.(1985) reported that high crude fibre in broiler starter diet tend to reduce the availability of minerals. ...
... Commercialization can be defined as an effort to enhance value added of its products, and they measure or judge them based on money. Dairy goat production, especially pasture-based production, offer the opportunity for profitable and sustainable diversity on a small farm (Costa et al., 2010;Midau et al., 2010;Delaney, 2012;Lie et al., 2012;Shahroudi and Naimi, 2014;Utami, 2014). Dairy goat farms have been established in the agroecosystem areas. ...
... One of such alternative for potential replacement of maize in animal feed is the use of processed cassava peel meal (CPM). These peels are regarded as waste and discarded but could be a good source of feed for livestock (Iyayi, 1991, Salami and Odunsi, 2003, Agiang et al., 2004, Udoyond et al., 2010, Midau et al., 2011, Idahor 2012. The use of cassava peel at increased levels in feeding monogastrics will be a significant boost to the livestock feed industry; however, its utilization is limited by its hydrocyanic acid content and presence of moderate to high levels of non-starch polysaccharides (NSPs) (Iyayi and Yahaya, 1999, Salami and Odunsi 2003, Egbunike et al., 2009, Idahor, 2012. ...