Junwei Fu's research while affiliated with Soochow University (PRC) and other places
Well-defined naphthalene end-capped poly(styrene)-block-poly(N-isopropyl- acrylamide)-block-poly(styrene) (PS-b-PNIPAM-b-PS) amphiphilic triblock copolymers with different molecular weights and block copolymer compositions were successfully prepared via consecutive reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerizations using a novel RAFT reagent, S,S'-bis(1-naphthylmethyl) trithiocarbonate (BNTTC). The aggregation behaviour of the prepared PS-b-PNIPAM-b-PS in water/DMF mixture was studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The effect of the copolymer concentration, PNIPAM block length and the irradiation of UV-light on the sizes and morphologies of micelles were also investigated.
Two novel reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) reagents bearing functional groups, S,S′-bis(9-anthrylmethyl) trithiocarbonate (BATTC) and S,S′-bis(1-naphthylmethyl) trithiocarbonate (BNTTC) were synthesized and used for the RAFT polymerizations of styrene (St). The polymerization results showed that the RAFT polymerizations could be well controlled using BNTTC or BATTC as the RAFT agents. For example, the polymerization rates were of first-order with respect to the monomer concentration, and the molecular weights of the obtained polystyrenes (PS) with narrow molecular weight distributions increased linearly with the monomer conversions and were close to their theoretical values in the presence of BNTTC or BATTC. The successful reaction of chain extension and analysis of 1H NMR spectra confirmed the existence of the functional anthracene or naphthalene groups at the chain end of the correspondingly obtained PS. Optical properties of the obtained PS were characterized by fluorescence and UV absorption. Photochemical properties of the obtained PS end capped with anthracene were also described under irradiation of UV light.
A novel reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) reagent bearing triphenylamine (TPA) group, 4-diphenylamino-dithiobenzoic acid benzyl ester (DDABE), was designed and synthesized. It was used in the RAFT polymerizations of styrene (St) and methyl acrylate (MA) to prepare end-functionalized polymers. The results of the polymerization showed that the RAFT polymerizations could be well controlled using DDABE as the RAFT agent. Number-average molecular weight (Mn,GPC) increased linearly with monomer conversion, and molecular weight distributions were relatively narrow (PDI< 1.50). The results of chain-extension reaction, 1H NMR spectra and UV/Vis spectra confirmed that most of the polymers chains were end-capped by the functional triphenylamine (TPA) groups. The effect of feed molar ratios of St/DDABE/AIBN on polymerization was investigated.
... For the anthracene derivative, the reaction yield was not quoted. Recently, the same authors reported the synthesis of anthracene and naphthalene modified symmetric trithio- carbonates . These dye-labelled RAFT agents were prepared with yields higher than 92% by reaction of a chloromethylderivative of the dye and CS 2 in the presence of a phase transfer agent in basic media (Scheme 14). ...