Hyeon Jeong Jeon

Kongju National University, Gongju, South Chungcheong, South Korea

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Publications (2)6.33 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Rare copy number variations by the nonrecurrent rearrangements involving PMP22 have been recently suggested to be associated with CMT1A peripheral neuropathy. As a mechanism of the nonrecurrent rearrangement, replication-based fork stalling template switching (FoSTeS) by microhomology-mediated break-induced replication (MMBIR) has been proposed. We found three Korean CMT1A families with putative nonrecurrent duplication. The duplications were identified by microsatellite typing and applying a CGH microarray. The breakpoint sequences in two families suggested an Alu-Alu-mediated rearrangement with the FoSTeS by the MMBIR, and a two-step rearrangement of the replication-based FoSTeS/MMBIR and meiosis-based recombination. The two-step mechanism has still not been reported. Segregation analysis of 17p12 microsatellite markers and breakpoint junction analysis suggested that the nonrecurrent rearrangements are stably inherited without alteration of junction sequence; however, they may allow some alteration of the genomic contents in duplication across generations by recombination event. It might be the first study on the pedigree analysis of the large CMT1A families with nonrecurrent rearrangements. It seems that the exact mechanism of the nonrecurrent rearrangements in the CMT1A may have a far more complex process than has been expected.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Neurogenetics
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    ABSTRACT: Mitochondrial diseases are clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders, which make the exact diagnosis and classification difficult. The purpose of this study was to identify pathogenic mtDNA mutations in 61 Korean unrelated families (or isolated patients) with MELAS or MERRF. In particular, the mtDNA sequences were completely determined for 49 patients. From the mutational analysis of mtDNA obtained from blood, 5 confirmed pathogenic mutations were identified in 17 families, and 4 unreported pathogenically suspected mutations were identified in 4 families. The m.3243A>G in the tRNA(Leu(UUR))was predominantly observed in 10 MELAS families, and followed by m.8344A>G in the tRNA(Lys) of 4 MERRF families. Most pathogenic mutations showed heteroplasmy, and the rates were considerably different within the familial members. Patients with a higher rate of mutations showed a tendency of having more severe clinical phenotypes, but not in all cases. This study will be helpful for the molecular diagnosis of mitochondrial diseases, as well as establishment of mtDNA database in Koreans.
    Full-text · Article · May 2010 · Experimental and Molecular Medicine