[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This work demonstrates successful propagation of HCV in HepG2 and human blood cells as well as viral shedding into their culture media. The influence of Schistosoma mansoni crude soluble egg antigens (SEA) on the rate of viral propagation in both mammalian cells was also monitored.
HepG2 cells were inoculated with HCV viremic human sera and some wells were exposed to HCV infection in presence of SEA. Cells were harvested for RT-PCR and Western blotting analysis. HepG2 media was collected for HCV ELISA. Blood samples from HCV-infected humans were cultured in the presence and absence of SEA. Media were collected at different time points post culturing and subjected to HCV ELISA.
The ELISA concentration of HCV antigens were generally higher in media of infected HepG2 cells compared to media of control cells at all time intervals post infection. Western blots showed reactivity to immunogenic peptides of different molecular weights in lysate of infected HepG2 cells that were not evidenced in uninfected cells. In presence of SEA, RT-PCR results revealed earlier detection of viral RNA in infected HepG2 cells compared to in absence of such bilharzial antigen. Also, ELISA results revealed higher levels of detected HCV antigens in media of both infected HepG2 and blood cells cocultured with S. mansoni SEA compared to that of cultured infected cells in absence of the parasite antigens.
HepG2 cells as well as whole blood cultures maintain HCV replication. Furthermore, SEA has the potential to enhance HCV propagation.
Full-text · Article · May 2010 · The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The role of the NS3 protease in HCV replication was demonstrated by the ability of a protease inhibitor cocktail (10 microg/ml) to abolish the induced cytopathic effect in RAW macrophages upon infection with Egyptian sera. The HCV protease gene was amplified from Egyptian sera by nested PCR and cloned downstream of the CMV promotor in a mammalian expression plasmid, which was then used to transform bacteria. Colonies carrying the gene in the correct orientation were subjected to large-scale plasmid purification followed by sequencing. Phylogenetic comparison of the sequence obtained with published sequences from different genotypes confirmed that our sequence belongs to genotype 4a. Of the other genotypes, the most closely related ones were from genotype 1. Multiple alignments of protease peptides showed that the catalytic triads and binding residues for substrate, Zn2+ and the NS4 cofactor are conserved among different isolates, including ours, and confirmed the closer homology between NS3 of genotypes 4 and 1. The HCV-protease-encoding construct was successfully transcribed in both mammalian cells and mice. Mouse antibodies produced against the protease-encoding-construct detected the 18-kDa enzyme in lysates of cells transfected with the construct by Western blotting, and in the media of infected cells by ELISA.
No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Archives of Virology