[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is an enzyme that inactivates catecholamines. Several studies have suggested that this enzyme may play a role in blood pressure regulation. We previously reported that the expression levels of Comt mRNA in Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats were lower than those in Lewis (LEW) rats. However, the physiological significance of this phenomenon has not been investigated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the significance of lower expression of Comt in Dahl salt-sensitive hypertension. The Comt gene in DS rats has a palindromic insertion in 3'-untranslated region, which appears to be responsible for reduced mRNA stability. A genome-wide quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis of blood pressure using 107 F2 rats indicated that a statistically significant QTL for pulse pressure was located at the Comt locus in chromosome 11. Microarray analysis confirmed that Comt was the only gene differentially expressed between DS and LEW rats in this chromosomal region. However, COMT inhibitors had no significant effects on blood pressure in either DS or LEW rats. Thus, Comt was excluded from the candidate genes contributing to salt-sensitive hypertension in DS rats. A true gene responsible for pulse pressure in this chromosome 11 region remains to be determined.
Preview · Article · Jun 2007 · Hypertension Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In a previous study, we performed a genome-wide quantitative trait loci (QTLs) analysis for blood pressure using F2 rats derived from Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) and Lewis (LEW) rats and identified two QTLs that influenced blood pressure levels. Although we determined that one of the causative genes in the chromosome (Ch) 1 region seemed to be Klk1, we did not perform detailed analyses on the Ch10 QTL region. The purpose of the present study was to identify candidate genes that influence blood pressure in the Ch10 QTL region. Using microarray analysis, we compiled a list of the genes that are differentially expressed between the two strains and that were localized to the Ch10 QTL region. Subsequent reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Northern blot analysis identified that, while the expression levels of Ccl2 mRNA were not different between the kidneys of DS and LEW rats fed a normal diet, those in DS were 10-fold higher than those in LEW under a high-salt diet. Although the promoter reporter assay failed to identify causative nucleotide changes that led to the differential expression, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) release from isolated monocytes were significantly higher in DS than in LEW. Intriguingly, this Ch10 QTL for blood pressure was also a possible QTL for urinary albumin excretion. Since Ccl2 is well known to be involved in various types of renal injury, it is likely that a higher expression of Ccl2 might aggravate macrophage infiltration, which in turn could aggravate tubulointerstitial injury, and thereby accelerate salt-sensitive hypertension. Thus, Ccl2 appears to be a interesting candidate gene for salt-sensitive hypertension in DS.
Preview · Article · Mar 2007 · Hypertension Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To identify candidate genes responsible for hypertension in Dahl salt-sensitive rats (Dahl-S), an oligonucleotide microarray analysis was performed to find differentially expressed genes in kidneys of Dahl-S and Lewis rats. We obtained 101 F2 male rats from Dahl-S and Lewis rats and performed precise measurements of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate by telemetric monitoring at 14 weeks of age after 9 weeks of salt-loading. The correlation analysis between genotypes of differentially expressed genes and BP in F2 rats indicated that pyridoxine 5'-phosphate oxidase (Pnpo) and catecholamine-O-methyltransferease (Comt) showed a highly significant association with BP. However, in the case of Comt, the Dahl-S genotype correlated with low BP. Short/branched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and Sah also showed a significant association with systolic blood pressure. The present study provided evidence that Pnpo is a candidate gene responsible for hypertension in Dahl-S rats.
No preview · Article · Feb 2004 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) are a well-known animal model for hypertension. We have previously identified eleven differentially expressed genes in the kidneys between SHR/Hos and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY/Hos) using an oligonucleotide microarray and analyzed the correlation between these genes and hypertension. In the present study, we analyzed the differentially expressed genes in the kidneys between SHR/NCrj and WKY/NCrj obtained from an other source to clarify the common and/or specific gene expression between the different sources. Furthermore, expression changes in the representative genes were characterized by Northern blot analysis using samples prepared from a third source, the Izm strain. The comparison revealed quite different changes in the differentially expressed genes among them. Sequence analysis of one of the differentially expressed genes, cytosolic epoxide hydrolase, revealed that two haplotypes could in part explain the expression level. Our study showed the complex nature of the genetic heterogeneity between SHR and WKY from different sources.
Preview · Article · Sep 2002 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We identified genes that were differentially expressed between spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) using cDNA microarray analysis, and analyzed the correlation between these genes and hypertension. Twenty four genes were found to be up-regulated and 20 were down-regulated in SHR. We selected 11 genes (6 up-regulated genes: SAH, Hsp70, MCT1, RBP, IDI1, Prion; and 5 down-regulated genes: Thrombin, Dyn, SOD3, Ela1, Gst Y(b)) and subjected them to an F2 cosegregation analysis. One hundred five F2 rats were obtained from the same strains used for microarray analysis, and blood pressure was measured directly with a catheter implanted in the femoral artery. The genotypes of monocarboxylate transporter 1 and glutathione S-transferase Y(b) subunit significantly affected diastolic blood pressure in F2 rats, and these two genes are located near each other on chromosome 2. However, quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis in this region revealed that the QTL for diastolic blood pressure were from these two genes. Antihypertensive treatment with either enalapril or hydralazine only affected the expression level of Hsp70, which was up-regulated by hydralazine, probably through compensatory sympathetic activation. We were unable to associate the other 10 genes with hypertension in SHR. Based on these results, the identification of differentially expressed genes may not be an efficient method for selecting candidate genes for hypertension in the SHR-WKY system.
No preview · Article · Apr 2002 · Hypertension Research