[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The extensive amount of media coverage today, generates difficulties in identifying and selecting desired information. Browsing and retrieval systems become more and more necessary in order to support users with powerful and easy-to-use tools for searching, browsing and summarization of information content. The starting point for these tasks in video browsing and retrieval systems is the low level analysis of video content, especially the segmentation of video content into shots. This paper presents a fast and efficient way to detect shot changes using only the temporal distribution of macroblock types in MPEG compressed video. The notion of a dominant reference frame is introduced. A dominant frame denotes the reference frame (I or P) used as prediction reference for most of the macroblocks from a subsequent B frame.