[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Highlights
Primary ovarian neuroblastomas are extremely rare and have poor prognoses.
This report provides results of the same combination therapy in two cases, which indicated its efficacy for ovarian neuroblastoma.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2013 · Gynecologic Oncology Reports
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present the case of a 37‐year‐old nulliparous woman in whom acute massive uterine bleeding during dienogest therapy was successfully treated using intrauterine balloon tamponade. Abnormal uterine bleeding and several cases of profuse bleeding causing severe anemia in association with dienogest therapy have been reported, but this is the first reported case involving hypovolemic shock. While successful control of postpartum hemorrhage with intrauterine balloon tamponade has been well described, applications for non‐obstetric bleeding, particularly in the presence of underlying diseases, such as adenomyosis, have only rarely been reported. This procedure can be easily, promptly, and safely implemented without analgesia, anesthesia, or laparotomy; it can be used with a minimally dilated external cervical os or narrow uterine cavity; and it can preserve fertility.
No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present the case of a 44-year-old nulliparous woman who experienced irregular menstrual cycles for about 10 years and developed both pituitary prolactinoma and endometrioid endometrial carcinoma. In premenopausal women, hyperprolactinemia causes hypogonadism by inhibiting secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone and thus suppressing luteinizing hormone levels, which can cause menstrual disorders ranging from amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea and chronic anovulatory cycle to short luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. A chronic anovulatory menstrual cycle is the most common cause of long-term exposure of the endometrium to endogenous estrogen without adequate opposition from progestins, which can lead to endometrioid endometrial carcinoma. In this case, pituitary prolactinoma may have caused the chronic anovulatory cycle and indirectly led to the endometrioid endometrial carcinoma. In patients for whom the cause of irregular menstruation and chronic anovulatory cycle is suspected to be hyperprolactinemia, explorations of both the hypophysis and endometrium are essential.
Preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Case Reports in Oncology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is controversial whether patients with stage I ovarian clear cell carcinoma (CCC) benefit from postoperative chemotherapy. This study was designed to evaluate the postoperative outcomes associated with the inclusion or exclusion of adjuvant therapy in these patients.
A total of 185 patients who were treated for stage I CCC between 1991 and 2007 were retrospectively evaluated. All of the patients had received comprehensive surgical staging, and their condition had been diagnosed by a central pathological review system. Only one patient with stage IB was excluded from this study.
Median follow-up time was 62 months (range 7-191 months). Median age was 52 years (30-75 years). There were 41, 93, and 50 patients in stage IA, intraoperative capsule ruptured IC (rupture-IC), and all other-IC groups, respectively. The 5-year recurrence-free survival rates for the substage were 97.6%, 87.8%, and 70.4% (P < 0.001), respectively. Among 134 patients consisting of those in the stage IA and rupture-IC groups, 91 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) and 43 patients did not (non-AC). There was no significant survival difference in each substage group between the non-AC and AC groups in 5-year recurrence-free survival rate (stage IA, 100% vs 93.8%; rupture-IC, 94.1% vs 86.6%). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that there was no significant prognostic factor for both recurrence and survival among the IA and rupture-IC groups. Postoperative therapy, regimen, and chemotherapy cycles were not significantly affected.
This study indicates that adjuvant chemotherapy does not contribute to the improving prognosis of stage IA ovarian CCC. Whereas the histological type is CCC, the routine adjuvant chemotherapy after comprehensive surgical staging may be unnecessary for patients with at least stage IA.
No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although the ovaries are common sites of metastases from a variety of primary neoplasms excluding carcinomas of the genital tract, there were few reports concerning survival and prognostic factors. The objective of this study was to assess the clinical factors affecting survival.
Fifty-three secondary ovarian carcinomas excluding metastases from genital tract carcinoma were registered by the Tokai Ovarian Tumor Study Group from 1989 to 1999. FIGO staging was set without considering the pathologic findings of the lymph nodes and the primary tumors.
Twenty-four patients were stage I, 11 were stage II, 16 were stage III, and 2 were stage IV. There were significant differences in the survival curves between the early stages (I and II) and advanced stages (III and IV). The 5-year survival rate for patients without residual tumors was 39.9%, while all patients with residual tumors after surgery died within 33 months. The most frequent primary tumor was large intestinal carcinoma, and the second was gastric carcinoma. The 5-year survival rate for patients with large intestinal primary tumors was significantly better than that with stomach tumors. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that tumor stage and primary tumor sites were significant prognostic factors.
FIGO staging without considering lymph node involvement and the primary tumor was a significant prognostic factor, and prognostic factors for primary ovarian carcinomas can be applied to secondary ovarian carcinomas. Furthermore, the primary tumor site was also an important prognostic factor for survival.