[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Volume reduction of umbilical cord blood (UCB) units before infusion is standard in most transplant centers. We examined 26 patients who underwent transplantation from May 1997 to December 2001 with unmanipulated (n=18) or volume-reduced (n=8) UCB units for engraftment. Of 18 unmanipulated UCBT patients, 16 achieved ANC >500/mm(3), a median of 26 days (range, 16-104) post-UCBT; two died before engraftment on days +2 and +14. Of 18 unmanipulated UCBT patients, 10 achieved platelet recovery, a median of 60.5 days (range, 41-144) post-UCBT; eight patients died before platelet recovery +2 to +255 days post-UCBT. These results are similar to several reported studies and our series utilizing volume-reduced UCB units for UCBT. At a median follow-up of 29.5 months, the 100-day and 3-year overall survivals of unmanipulated UCBT were 61.1% (95% CI, 38.6-83.6) and 48.6% (95% CI, 24.8-72.4) and of volume-reduced UCBT were 60% (95% CI, 24.4-95.6) and 22.5% (95% CI, 0-58.7). There was no serious toxicity from UCB infusion using unmanipulated UCB units. We conclude that unmanipulated UCB units may be infused safely into UCBT patients with adequate engraftment and survival.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2003 · Bone Marrow Transplantation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute monoblastic leukemia (acute myeloid leukemia [AML], French-American-British type M5a) with leukemia cutis developed in a patient 6 weeks after the initiation of erythropoietin (EPO) therapy for refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts. AML disappeared from both marrow and skin after the discontinuation of EPO. Multiparameter flow cytometric analysis of bone marrow cells demonstrated coexpression of the EPO receptor with CD45 and CD13 on the surface of blasts. The incubation of marrow cells with EPO, compared to without, resulted in 1.3- and 1.6-fold increases, respectively, in tritiated thymidine incorporation and bromodeoxyuridine incorporation into CD13(+) cells. Clinical and laboratory findings were consistent with the EPO-dependent transformation of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) to AML. It is concluded that leukemic transformation in patients with MDS treated with EPO may be EPO-dependent and that management should consist of the discontinuation of EPO followed by observation, if clinically feasible.