[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A transdermal preparation containing ketoprofen was developed using O/W microemulsion system. Of the oils tested, oleic acid was chosen as the oil phase of the microemulsion, as it showed a good solubilizing capacity and excellent skin permeation rate of the drug. Pseudoternary phase diagrams were constructed to obtain the concentration range of oil, surfactant and cosurfactant for microemulsion formation, and the effect of these additives on skin permeation of ketoprofen was evaluated with excised rat skins. The optimum formulation of the microemulsion consisted of 3% ketoprofen, 6% oleic acid, 30% Labrasol/Cremophor RH 40 (1:1) and water. Terpenes were added to the microemulsion at the level of 5% and their effect on the skin permeation of ketoprofen from the microemulsion was evaluated. Of the four terpenes used, only limonene resulted in a powerful enhancing activity (3-fold increase over control).
No preview · Article · Nov 2001 · International Journal of Pharmaceutics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To formulate a transdermal drug delivery system of captopril, monolithic adhesive matrix type patches containing 20% captopril, different pressure-sensitive adhesives, and various permeation enhancers were prepared using a labcoater. The effects of the adhesives and permeation enhancers on skin permeation of captopril from the prepared patches were evaluated using Franz diffusion cells fitted with excised rat skins. The permeation rate of the drug through the excised skin was dependent on the type of polyacrylate copolymers studied. Fatty alcohols resulted in a pronounced enhancing effect on the skin permeation of captopril, while dimethyl sulfoxide, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, oleic acid, Transcutol, and polysorbate 20 showed no significant enhancing effect. The permeation-enhancing effect of the fatty alcohols reached the maximum at the level of 100%. Based on these results, a captopril patch may be developed with further optimization.
No preview · Article · Nov 2001 · Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy