[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to investigate the outcome of children 24 months of age or younger (infants) at the time of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for acute leukemia or myelodysplasia. We analyzed the survival rate, prognostic factors, incidences of late sequelae, and immune reconstitution in 22 infants who underwent allogeneic BMT. The 5-year event-free survival estimate was 45.5% (95% confidence interval (CI), 24.4% to 63.3%). Six patients died of transplant-related complications and six died of disease relapse. Remission status at the time of BMT was the most important prognostic factor (P = 0.005): no patient who received a transplant while their disease was not in remission survived, whereas the 5-year survival estimate for infants who underwent BMT during remission was 56% (95% CI, 31% to 75%). Long-term outcomes in the 10 infant survivors were compared with those of 10 older controls matched for diagnosis, disease status at the time of BMT, calendar year at the time of BMT, and source of stem cells. Immune function 1 year after transplantation and the incidences and spectra of late sequelae were similar for both groups during a median of 3.5 years (range, 1.5 to 7.2 years) of follow-up.
No preview · Article · May 2001 · Bone Marrow Transplantation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired clonal disease of hematopoiesis due to a mutation in the PIG-A gene. Affected patients may demonstrate hemolysis or venous thrombosis, and may develop MDS or aplastic anemia. Successful results may be obtained after conditioning and transplantation from syngeneic or genotypically matched sibling donors. Experience with transplantation from matched unrelated donors (MUD) is limited to eight patients, with only one survivor. We report three patients who underwent successful MUD BMT for PNH. All three patients had severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and PNH at the time of BMT. Unrelated donors were six-antigen HLA-matched (n = 2) or HLA-A mismatched (n = 1). Conditioning consisted of cytarabine, cyclophosphamide, TBI, and ATG. Grafts were T cell-depleted by anti-CD6/CD8 antibodies + complement. Further GVHD prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporine. Patients received 0.7-1.1 x 10(8) nucleated cells/kg and 1.1-2.1 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg. Neutrophil engraftment occurred at 16-21 days. One patient developed grade 1 acute GVHD. Although all three patients experienced significant transplant-related complications, they ultimately resolved and all patients are alive and well 30-62 months after BMT. T cell-depleted MUD BMT is an effective treatment option for PNH-related MDS and SAA.
No preview · Article · Apr 2001 · Bone Marrow Transplantation