Pedro Sendra

Hospital General Universitario de Elche, Elche, Valencia, Spain

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Publications (2)5.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Hallucinations caused by adverse reactions to medication are not uncommon and a wide variety of drugs may be involved. We present a case of hallucinations caused by therapeutic doses of oral clarithromycin (500 mg b.i.d). A 32-year-old woman attended the Emergency Department of the hospital with severe visual hallucinations together with marked anxiety and nervousness following the second dose of clarithromycin, which was the only medication she was taking. The antibiotic was identified as the possible cause of the clinical manifestations and was stopped immediately. The patient did not require hospitalization and was discharged a few hours later with no signs of neurological disturbances. Clarithromycin was substituted by amoxycillin-clavulanic acid (500/125 mg) t.i.d. The temporal relationship between commencement of antibiotic therapy and the appearance of hallucinations, together with the fact that the symptoms disappeared once the antibiotic was suspended, support a causal relationship between clarithromycin and the hallucinations. Further support for a causal relationship was obtained by application of Naranjo's algorithm which gave a likelihood level for causality of PROBABLE.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2002 · International journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to analyze the incidence, risk factors, management, and follow-up of patients with portal vein thrombosis (PVT) undergoing primary orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Four hundred fifteen OLTs were performed in 391 patients. In 62 patients, partial (group 1; n = 48) or complete (group 2; n = 14) PVT was found at the time of surgery. Portal flow was reestablished by venous thrombectomy. In this study, we compare 62 primary OLTs performed in patients with PVT at the time of OLT with a group of 329 primary OLTs performed in patients without PVT (group 3) and analyze the incidence of PVT, use of diagnostic methods, surgical management, and outcome. We found no significant differences among the 3 groups for length of surgery, cold and warm ischemic times, and postoperative stay in the intensive care unit. With the piggyback technique, groups 1 and 2 had greater blood losses and required more blood transfusions than group 3. The early reoperation rate was greater in group 2. The incidence of rethrombosis was 4.8% (group 1, 2%; group 2, 14.3%). Reexploration and thrombectomy (2 patients) and retransplantation (1 patient) had a 100% mortality rate. In particular, the mortality rate of patients with complete PVT with extension into the splanchnic veins is high (33%). Three-month and 4-year patient survival rates were statistically similar in the 3 groups. The presence of PVT at the time of OLT is not a contraindication for OLT. However, if PVT extends into the splanchnic veins, the outcome is guarded.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2001 · Liver Transplantation