Ibrahim Y Hanna

Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia

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Publications (7)14.72 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The study aims were to determine the prevalence of positive syphilis serology and meningovascular neurosyphilis (NS) in patients admitted with transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and stroke to a tertiary hospital serving a culturally diverse community. A retrospective cohort analysis was conducted using routinely collected administrative data and medical records to identify patients admitted with TIA, stroke and other conditions, with positive syphilis serology, between 2005 and 2009. Direct medical record review confirmed diagnoses of meningovascular NS. Syphilis serology was requested in 27% (893/3270) of all patients with TIA and stroke (2005-09) of whom 4% (38/893) were positive. Thirty-seven patients with positive serology had clinical characteristics consistent with meningovascular NS. Their mean age was 72±13years; 65% were male and 68% had a recorded place of birth in South-East Asia or the Pacific Islands. One of 12 patients with suspected meningovascular NS with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis had a positive CSF Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test. Three patients (8%) met diagnostic criteria for "definite or probable" meningovascular NS. All three patients with a "definite or probable" meningovascular NS and 15 (44%) of the remainder who had positive serology without confirmation of NS were treated with intravenous or intramuscular penicillin. Lumbar puncture (LP) and penicillin were underutilised in patients with TIA and stroke with positive serology. In conclusion, syphilis testing should be considered part of the diagnostic work-up of TIA and stroke, particularly in ethnically diverse populations. In patients with TIA and stroke with positive syphilis serology, it would seem appropriate to further pursue diagnosis and treatment and in patients unable to undergo LP, empiric treatment for NS should be considered.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Journal of Clinical Neuroscience
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    ABSTRACT: The ABCD(2) stroke risk score is recommended in national guidelines for stratifying care in transient ischaemic attack (TIA) patients, based on its prediction of early stroke risk. We had become concerned about the score accuracy and its clinical value in modern TIA cohorts. We identified emergency department-diagnosed TIA at two hospitals over 3 years (2004-2006). Cases were followed for stroke occurrence and ABCD(2) scores were determined from expert record review. Sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive values (PPV) of moderate-high ABCD(2) scores were determined. There were 827 indexed TIA diagnoses and record review was possible in 95.4%. Admitted patients had lower 30-day stroke risk (n = 0) than discharged patients (n = 7; 3.1%) (P < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in proportion of strokes between those with a low or moderate-high ABCD(2) score at 30 (1.2 vs 0.8%), 90 (2.0 vs 1.9%) and 365 days (2.4 vs 2.4%) respectively. At 30 days the sensitivity, specificity and PPV of a moderate-high score were 57% (95% confidence interval (CI) 25.0-84.2), 32.2% (95% CI 29.1-35.6) and 0.75% (95% CI 0.29-1.91) respectively. Early stroke risk was low after an emergency diagnosis of TIA and significantly lower in admitted patients. Moderate-high ABCD(2) scores did not predict early stroke risk. We suggest local validation of ABCD(2) before its clinical use and a review of its place in national guidelines.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Internal Medicine Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Basilar artery occlusion (BAO) is a rare cause of paediatric stroke that may result in severe neurological disability including a 'locked-in' state. Acute interventional therapy for paediatric BAO is limited to a small number of published case reports. Of 13 previously published cases that have undergone acute intravascular therapy, six made a full neurological recovery, six had residual deficits ranging from mild dysarthria and ataxia to vegetative state and one patient died. The time from symptom onset to intervention was ≥ 12 h in 77% (10/13). We reported a 14-year-old female patient presenting with altered sensorium that progressed to a 'locked-in' state due to idiopathic BAO who made a full clinical recovery after successful mechanical thrombectomy at 24 h following symptom onset. Acute neuro-interventional therapy for paediatric BAO can result in complete neurological recovery despite the presence of severe neurological deficits and a prolonged period of time from symptom onset to clinical diagnosis.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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    ABSTRACT: It is important to establish the validity of diagnostic coding in administrative datasets used in stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) research. This study examines the accuracy of emergency department (ED) TIA diagnosis and final diagnostic coding after hospital admission. Using administrative datasets, we identified all patients with an ED TIA diagnosis (435.9; ICD-9) admitted to Liverpool Hospital from January 2003 to December 2007. ED and hospital admission records were matched and final diagnosis codes (ICD-10-AM) recorded. All records were expertly reviewed to determine coding validity. 570 patients were admitted with an ED TIA diagnosis. According to ICD-10-AM coding, 46% had TIA, 29% stroke and 25% TIA mimic diagnoses. Expert review determined final diagnoses of TIA in 51.4%, stroke in 26.1% and TIA mimic in 22.5% of the patients. The positive predictive value of a final TIA diagnosis (ICD-10-AM) was 88.2% when subjected to expert review. TIA mimic disorders diagnosed after admission included serious conditions. Half of the emergency diagnoses retained a TIA diagnosis after hospital admission. In the setting of neurological admission there were small percentage differences between coded final diagnosis for TIA, stroke and mimic and diagnoses at expert review. Admission of ED TIA cases permitted identification of TIA mimics with serious conditions requiring non-TIA management.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Neuroepidemiology
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed (1) to compare the prevalence of emergency department (ED) presentations in Western Zone Sydney South West Area Health Service (WZS) between 1998-2002 and 2003-2007 for epilepsy (including status epilepticus (SE) and convulsions), hospital admission rates, and proportion of first seizure presentations; and (2) to compare these data with those for New South Wales (NSW) and Australia-wide figures. Using health department data sets, we found 19,834 presentations to WZS EDs between 1998 and 2007 (24.85/10,000 population/year). When the periods 2003-2007 and 1998-2002 in WZS are compared, ED presentations fell by 3% (P=0.03) and hospital admissions fell by 6% (P=0.001). The prevalence of ED presentations for seizures in NSW did not change (P=0.92), but hospital admissions fell by 3% (P<0.0001). When 1999/2000-2002/2003 was compared with 2003/2004-2006/2007, the prevalence of hospital admissions in Australia fell by 1% (P=0.0002). Rates of presentation for epilepsy in WZS have fallen over the last decade. Most presentations were first seizures rather than recurrences. The reason for this is speculative, but may reflect improved levels of education and health care delivery.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Epilepsy & Behavior
  • E E Kehdi · W Huynh · D J Cordato · A Bonura · IY Hanna

    No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Internal Medicine Journal
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    ABSTRACT: To compare outcomes at 28 days and 1 year between patients admitted to hospital and those discharged after presenting to the emergency department (ED) with transient ischaemic attack (TIA). All TIA presentations to EDs in a large metropolitan and rural region of Sydney and its surroundings, New South Wales, between 2001 and 2005 were extracted from state health department databases and followed up over 1 year. Admission and discharge data and subsequent TIA or stroke presentations were identified. TIA recurrence or stroke. Of 2535 presentations to an ED with TIA during the 5-year period, 1816 patients were admitted to hospital (71.6%) and 719 were discharged from the ED (28.4%). At 28 days, the discharged group had significantly higher rates of recurrence than the admitted group for all events (TIA or stroke) (5.3% v 2.3%, P < 0.001), stroke (2.1% v 0.7%, P = 0.002), and recurrent TIA (3.2% v 1.6%, P = 0.01). During the 29-365-day follow-up period, there was no significant difference between the discharged and admitted groups for all events (4.2% v 5.1%; P = 0.37), stroke (1.3% v 2.5%; P = 0.06) or recurrent TIA (2.9% v 2.6%; P = 0.65). Patients with an ED diagnosis of TIA may benefit from admission to hospital through a reduced risk of early stroke.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2008 · The Medical journal of Australia