[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The design and synthesis of a new class of minor groove binder (MGBs) in which, the cationic tail group has been replaced by a neutral, polar variant including cyanoguanidine, nitroalkene, and trifluoroacetamide groups. Antibacterial activity (against Gram positive bacteria) was found for both the nitroalkene and trifluoroacetamide groups. For the case of the nitroalkene tail group, strong binding of a minor groove binder containing this tail group was demonstrated by both DNA footprinting and melting temperature measurements, showing a correlation between DNA binding and antibacterial activity. The compounds have also been evaluated for binding to the hERG ion channel to determine whether non-cationic but polar substituents might have an advantage compared with conventional cationic tail groups in avoiding hERG binding. In this series of compounds, it was found that whilst non-cationic compounds generally had lower affinity to the hERG ion channel, all of the compounds studied bound weakly to the hERG ion channel, probably associated with the hydrophobic head groups.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2012 · European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) has been used to detect specific pterin molecules at sub-nanomolar concentrations. SERS is fast becoming a widely used technique for the sensitive and specific detection of multiple analytes. The information-rich and concentration-dependent spectra obtained from SERS make the technique ideally placed for high speed, low cost analysis of almost any analyte. Further, to show the feasibility of SERS in the detection of biologically relevant targets, a synthetic pterin analogue of the naturally occurring pterin cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin, has been detected at a series of concentrations and the method used for the successful detection of the synthetic pterin in mouse serum. In this analysis, spectroscopic collection was optimized for water-based pteridine derivatives using two visible wavelengths of excitation (514.5 and 632.8 nm) and differing mesoscopic metal nanoparticles allowing the limits of detection to be calculated.