Jinhua Liu

Jilin University, Yung-chi, Jilin Sheng, China

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Publications (4)7.13 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The liquid-chip assay is a new method for detecting bacterial surface antigens. This assay conjugated self-prepared monoclonal antibodies against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi with carboxylated fluorescent microspheres based on the double-antibody sandwich principle. This experiment used dimethylacetamide (DMAC) as the solvent to dissolve 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) and N-hydroxysulfosuccinimide (S-NHS) during conjugation. The modified liquid-chip assay was used to simultaneously detect the four foodborne pathogens. The sensitivity of the assay using the new conjugation method was also evaluated. The limits of detection for E. coli O157:H7, L. monocytogenes, S. aureus, and S. typhi during multiplex detection using the improved method were 0.25, 0.25, 0.5, and 0.25 cfu/mL, respectively, whereas those using the traditional method were 0.5, 0.5, 1, and 0.5 cfu/mL, respectively. Therefore, the improved method is reliable and effectively improves the detection sensitivity of liquid-chip assays.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Analytical Letters
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    ABSTRACT: A novel virulent phage named JL1 against Escherichia coli O157:H7 was isolated from raw sewage. It was found that JL1 has an icosahedral head and a long flexible non-contractile tail. The complete genome of JL1 is composed of a linear double-stranded DNA of 43,457 base pairs in length, with 54.77 % G+C content and 60 putative open reading frames. Morphology and bioinformatics analysis revealed that phage JL1 is a member of the family Siphoviridae of the order Caudovirales. It is different from previously reported phages of E. coli O157:H7 but is homologous to Sodalis phage SO-1, Shigella phage EP23, Escherichia phage HK578 and Escherichia phage SSL-2009a.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Archives of Virology
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    ABSTRACT: Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-induced RNA degradation can specifically inhibit viral infection and has been extensively investigated for its efficacy as an antiviral therapeutic approach. In this study we constructed a lentivirus vector carrying a U6-short hairpin RNA expression cassette to express siRNAs in vero cells. The lentivirus vector also expressed an enhanced green fluorescence protein as a reporter. Stable siRNA-expressing cell lines were successfully established, and the inhibition efficiencies of rationally designed siRNAs targeting conserved genomic regions of the Newcastle disease virus, an important disease of poultry world wide, were assessed. Our results showed that siRNAs targeting the nucleoprotein and matrix gene potently inhibited viral replication. Our study indicates that lentivirus-mediated delivery of siRNA and the resulting gene silencing can be used to study the functions of genes in viral replication and may have a potential transgenic antiviral application in poultry.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · Avian Diseases
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    ABSTRACT: Geniposide, a main iridoid glucoside component of gardenia fruit, has been known to exhibit antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and other important therapeutic activities. The objective of this study was to investigate the protective effects of geniposide on inflammation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated primary mouse macrophages in vitro and LPS induced lung injury model in vivo. The expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), inhibitory kappa B (IκBα) protein, p38, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) were determined by Western blot. Further analysis was carried out in mTLR4 and mMD-2 co-transfected HEK293 cells. The results showed that geniposide markedly inhibited the LPS-induced TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β production both in vitro and in vivo. Geniposide blocked the phosphorylation of IκBα, p65, p38, ERK and JNK in LPS stimulated primary mouse macrophages. Furthermore, geniposide inhibited the expression of TLR4 in LPS stimulated primary mouse macrophages and inhibited the LPS-induced IL-8 production in HEK293-mTLR4/MD-2 cells. In vivo study, it was also observed that geniposide attenuated lung histopathologic changes in the mouse models. These results suggest that geniposide exerts an anti-inflammatory property by down-regulating the expression of TLR4 up-regulated by LPS. Geniposide is highly effective in inhibiting acute lung injury and may be a promising potential therapeutic reagent for acute lung injury treatment.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2012 · International immunopharmacology

Publication Stats

32 Citations
7.13 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Jilin University
      • College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine
      Yung-chi, Jilin Sheng, China
  • 2012-2013
    • Zhongshan Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau
      中山, Guangdong, China