[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ghrelin was associated with several of cancers. The conflict results of SNPs with GHRL and GHSR gene were demonstrated in different studies. Thus, this meta-analysis is to evaluate the associations.
Systematic literature search was done on PubMed database up to October 2013. We used odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to assess the strength of the association by a fixed-effect model and a random-effect model.
A total of 7 studies, which included 3 studies for breast cancer, 2 for colorectal cancer, 1 for hepatocellular carcinoma, 1 for esophageal cancer and 1 for Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. When analyzed all the GHRL SNPs with all kinds of cancers, there was significantly difference with cancer patients compared with controls (Recessive model: OR 0.938, 95% CI 0.890-0.989, p=0.017), while no significant difference was existed in the additive model (OR 0.9903, 95% CI 0.957-1.024, p=0.558) and dominant model (OR 1.014, 95% CI 0.970-1.061, p=0.536). When analyzed all the GHSR SNPs with all kinds of cancers, no significant difference was observed.
Our results suggest that the SNP with GHRL and GHSR might be weaker association with cancer risk, especially with breast cancer risk.
No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Cancer biomarkers: section A of Disease markers
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tumor-stroma ratio (TSR) has been identified as a new and practicable prognostic histological characteristic of solid tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of TSR in resected esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).
A total of 95 patients who underwent esophagectomy for ESCC were included in this study. TSR was assessed visually on the hematoxylin-eosin-stained tissue sections of surgical specimens by two independent observers. Patients with more than 50% intratumor stroma were quantified as the stroma-rich group and those with less than 50% as the stroma-poor group.
No significant differences were observed in patient, tumor, and treatment characteristics between the stroma-rich and stroma-poor groups. The 3-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates were 64% and 57%, respectively, in the stroma-poor group, and 23% and 23%, respectively, in the stroma-rich group. Both 3-year overall and disease-free survival rates in the stroma-poor group were significantly better than those in the stroma-rich group (p < 0.01). In a multivariate analysis, TSR was identified as a highly significant prognostic factor for 3-year overall survival (hazard ratio 3.450; p = 0.001) and 3-year disease-free survival (hazard ratio 2.995; p = 0.001), independent of pTNM stage and radicality of the primary tumor.
Stroma-rich tumors were associated with poor prognosis and an increased risk of relapse, which may serve as a new prognostic histological characteristic in ESCC. TSR is simple and quick to determine, is reproducible, and could be easily incorporated in routine histological evaluation.
No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer