Eduardo Z Malouf

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, San Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (3)5.34 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To prospectively evaluate the outcome of patients with low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma treated with total thyroidectomy (TT) who did not undergo radioiodine remnant ablation (RRA). Study Design: We prospectively followed up 57 patients; 3 months after TT, thyroglobulin (Tg) assessment and neck ultrasonography (US) were performed while patients were taking L-T4, presenting suppressed TSH. Six months after TT, patients underwent stimulated Tg testing and whole-body scan (WBS) after recombinant TSH (rhTSH). Then, 18 months after TT, the patients were evaluated by neck US and Tg under TSH between 0.5 and 2.0 mIU/ml. Two years after TT, we performed another rhTSH assessment, measuring Tg and making a WBS. The patients were then annually monitored with neck US and Tg measurement under TSH between 0.5 and 2.0 mIU/l for 36-84 months. Results: Neck US of all patients, 3 months after TT, presented no evidence of abnormal residual tissues or metastatic lymph nodes (negative neck US); at this time, the mean Tg level was 0.42 ng/ml. Six months after surgery, after rhTSH, the mean thyroid bed uptake was 1.82%, and Tg levels ranged from 0.10 to 22.30 ng/ml (mean, 2.89 ng/ml). The patients were followed up without any sign of recurrence (negative neck US and stable or decreasing Tg levels). During the ongoing follow-up, the Tg trend was stable or decreasing, independently of the initial suppressed or stimulated Tg level, or WBS uptake. Conclusions: In patients with low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer, who were operated by TT and who did not undergo RRA, an excellent response to treatment may be confirmed by annual neck US and Tg trend.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · European Thyroid Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: In the last decade, data published stressed the role of highly-sensitive thyroglobulin (Tg) assays in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) patients. The present study describes a new, highly-sensitive Tg assay, compares it with an available commercial assay, and validates it in the follow-up of DTC patients. Subjects and methods: The immunofluorometric high-sensitivity Tg assay is based on monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies produced at our laboratories. It was validated in 100 samples of 87 patients with DTC submitted to total thyroidectomy, 87% of whom also received radioiodine. For correlation, all samples were also tested using a commercial Tg assay (Beckman Access) with functional sensitivity (FS) of 0.1 ng/mL. Results: The new method showed FS of 0.3 ng/mL. The correlation between the two methods was good (r = 0.74; p < 0.0001). The diagnostic sensitivity was 88.9%, and it was increased to 100% when combined with neck US. Conclusion: This new, high-sensitivity Tg assay presented a good correlation with Beckman Access assay and with the clinical outcome of the patients. The continuous availability of a validated assay is an additional advantage for long term follow-up of DTC patients.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Arquivos brasileiros de endocrinologia e metabologia
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    ABSTRACT: Background: There is a concern regarding the use of iodinated contrast agents (ICA) for chest and neck computed tomography (CT) to localize metastatases in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). This is because the iodine in ICA can compete with (131)I and interfere with subsequent whole scans or radioactive iodine treatment. The required period for patients to eliminate the excess iodine is not clear. Therefore, knowing the period for iodine levels to return to baseline after the injection of ICA would permit a more reliable indication of CT for DTC patients. The most widely used marker to assess the plasmatic iodine pool is the urinary iodine (UI) concentration, which can be collected over a period of 24 hours (24U) or as a single-spot urinary sample (sU). As 24U collections are more difficult to perform, sU samples are preferable. It has not been established, however, if the measurement of iodine in sU is accurate for situations of excess iodine. Methods: We evaluated 25 patients with DTC who received ICA to perform chest or neck CT. They collected 24U and sU urinary samples before the CT scan and 1 week and 1, 2, and 3 months after the test. UI was quantified by a semiautomated colorimetric method. Results: Baseline median UI levels were 21.8 μg/dL for 24U and 26 μg/dL for sU. One week after ICA, UI median levels were very high for all patients, 800 μg/dL. One month after ICA, however, UI median levels returned to baseline in all patients, 19.0 μg/dL for 24U and 20 μg/dL for sU. Although the values of median UI obtained from sU and 24U samples were signicantly different, we observed a significant correlation between samples collected in 24U and sU in all evaluated periods. Conclusion: One month is required for UI to return to its baseline value after the use of ICA and for patients (after total thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy) to eliminate the excess of iodine. In addition, sU samples, although not statistically similar to 24U values, can be used as a good marker to evaluate patients suspected of contamination with iodine.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Thyroid: official journal of the American Thyroid Association