[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder is clinically important because of its prevalence, chronicity, and therapy-refractoriness of the pain. In this study, we investigated the effect of infliximab in a mouse model of TMJ pain using a specially-engineered transducer for evaluating the changes in bite force (BF). The mice were randomly divided into three groups (7 mice per group): the control group, the complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) group, and the infliximab group. BF was measured at day 0 (baseline BF). After measuring the baseline BF, CFA or incomplete Freund's adjuvant was injected into both TMJs and then the changes in BF were measured at days 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 13 after the TMJ injection. For measuring the BF, we used a custom-built BF transducer. Control, CFA, and infliximab groups showed similar baseline BF at day 0. From day 1, a significant reduction in BF was observed in the CFA group, and this reduction in BF was statistically significant compared to that in the control group (P < 0.05). This reduction in BF was maintained until day 7, and BF started to recover gradually from day 9. In the infliximab group also, the reduction in BF was observed on day 1, and this reduction was maintained until day 7. However, the degree of reduction in BF was less remarkable compared to that in the CFA group. The reduction in BF caused by injection of CFA into the TMJ could be partially alleviated by the injection of anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha, infliximab.
Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Journal of Korean medical science
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of glucose transporter protein 1 (GLUT1) antibody-conjugated iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs) as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) molecular imaging agents for differentiating infantile hemangioma from vascular malformation in the hemangioma animal model. The conjugation of Fe3O4 NPs with anti-GLUT1 antibodies leads to a significantly increased uptake of NPs by human umbilical vein endothelial cells. MRI imaging following the intravenous injection of GLUT1 antibody-Fe3O4 NPs yielded a significantly lower signal intensity than did unconjugated Fe3O4 NPs. Upon histological examination of the GLUT1 antibody-Fe3O4 NPs, Prussian blue-stained NPs were identified in CD31-positive endothelial cells of hemangioma. In contrast, when treated with unconjugated Fe3O4 NPs, Prussian blue-stained NPs were found in macrophages rather than in endothelial cells. No organ damage or structural malformations were found. GLUT1 antibody conjugation can effectively target the injected Fe3O4 NPs to GLUT1-positive tumor cells in infantile hemangioma.
No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Nanomedicine Nanotechnology Biology and Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Facial muscles are of major importance in human craniofacial growth and development. The purpose of our study was to investigate whether congenital facial nerve palsy influences craniofacial growth in craniofacial microsomia. Fifty-one patients with unilateral craniofacial microsomia and no history of craniofacial skeletal surgery whose radiographs were taken after craniofacial growth was complete were included in this study. These patients were divided into groups in which the facial nerve was involved or uninvolved. The authors evaluated a total of seven measurement items to analyze the midface and mandibular asymmetry. Twenty patients had facial nerve involvement, and 31 had no involvement. None of the measurement items revealed any significant differences between the facial nerve-involved group and the uninvolved group within the same modified Pruzansky grade. There was no correlation between the type of facial nerve involvement and the measurement items. In relationships among the measurement items within each group, maxillary asymmetry was indirectly correlated with mandibular asymmetry or midline deviation through the occlusal plane angle in the uninvolved groups. However, in the facial nerve-involved group, the relationships disappeared. When the correlations in the facial nerve-involved group were compared with those of the uninvolved group, the relationships in the uninvolved group appeared more significant than in the facial nerve-involved group. The loss of relationships between the upper and lower jaw in the facial nerve-involved group might have been caused by subtle changes, which occur in midfacial bones and in the mandible due to facial nerve palsy. The main limitation of our study is that aside from facial nerve palsy, craniofacial microsomia has many factors that can influence craniofacial growth, such as hypoplasia of the mandibular condyle and soft tissue deficiencies.
No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Journal of Plastic Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite their popular use in breast augmentation and reconstruction surgeries, the limited biocompatibility of silicone implants can induce severe side effects, including capsular contracture, an excessive foreign body reaction that forms a tight and hard fibrous capsule around the implant. This study examines the effects of using biomembrane-mimic surface coatings to prevent capsular formations on silicone implants. The covalently attached biomembrane-mimic polymer, poly(2- methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PMPC), prevented nonspecific protein adsorption and fibroblast adhesion on the silicone surface. More importantly, in vivo capsule formations around PMPC-grafted silicone implants in rats were significantly thinner and exhibited lower collagen densities and more regular collagen alignments than bare silicone implants. The observed decrease in α-smooth muscle actin also supported the alleviation of capsular formation by the biomembranemimic coating. Decreases in inflammation-related cells, myeloperoxidase, and transforming growth factor-β resulted in reduced inflammation in the capsular tissue. The biomembrane-mimic coatings used on these silicone implants demonstrate great potential for preventing capsular contracture and developing biocompatible materials for various biomedical applications.
No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Acta Biomaterialia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anthocyanins are known to have antioxidant and antiinflammatory effects. We hypothesized that anthocyanins would enhance wound healing in Sprague-Dawley rats. The purpose of this study was to evaluate our hypothesis and investigate the mechanism of wound healing enhancement. The cytoprotective effect of an immortalized epidermal keratinocyte cell line (HaCaT) and human neonatal dermal fibroblasts in response to various concentrations of anthocyanins was determined. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) of HaCaT were measured by Western blot analysis. Anthocyanins were applied to the wounds in rats, and the healing ratio was calculated. Tissue VEGF, TSP1, CD31, nuclear factor-κB, and phosphorylation of IκBα were measured. The viability of the HaCaT cell line and human neonatal dermal fibroblasts increased under cytotoxicity by H2O2 in the anthocyanin-treated groups. The VEGF in the anthocyanin-treated groups increased, whereas TSP1 decreased. Wounds in the experimental groups healed faster, and VEGF and CD31 increased in the experimental groups, whereas TSP1 decreased. Anthocyanins inhibited the translocation of nuclear factor-κB (p65) from cytosol to nucleus and also prevented the phosphorylation of IκBα. Anthocyanins enhance wound healing through a cytoprotective effect, enhancement of angiogenesis, and an antiinflammatory effect.
No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Annals of plastic surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pregnant women is known to be at risk of high morbiding and mortality from H1N1 2009. Since the emergence of H1N1 2009 in Korean in April 2009, fatal case has not been reported in the Korean pregnant women yet. This is the first report of fatal case in pregnant women associated with H1N1 2009 infection in Korea. A 29-year-old woman at 32 weeks of gestation presented with pneumonia associated with H1N1 2009 infection, progressed into acute respiratory distress syndrome. On the fourth day of admission fetal distress development. The patient died from refractory critical hypoxemia and multiple organ failure on the 5th hospital day in spite of receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy and intravenous peramivir.