Wil Harrison

Middlemore Hospital, Окленд, Auckland, New Zealand

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Publications (8)13.09 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aims Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the optimal management for ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. We reviewed the largest primary PCI regional service in New Zealand: the Auckland/Northland service based at Auckland City Hospital, to assess patient management, in particular the door to reperfusion times (DTRTs), and predictors of death in hospital. Methods We obtained patient details from a comprehensive prospective database of all primary PCI patients admitted with STEMI from 1/1/12 to 31/12/12 to the Auckland City Hospital cardiac catheterisation laboratory. Of four District Health Boards (DHBs) within the region, two accessed this regional service at all times, and two accessed the Auckland City Hospital cardiac catheterisation laboratory ‘after hours’: all times except for 08:00 to 16:00 hours on Monday to Friday. Results A total of 401 adult patients underwent a primary PCI at the Auckland City Hospital Regional centre for a STEMI presentation, over the 12 months period. The median patient age was 61 years, 77% were male. Overall 183 (46%) (95% CI 41, 51) patients achieved a DTRT of ≤ 90 mins, and 266 (66%) (95% CI 61, 71) a DTRT of ≤ 120mins, with a clear geographical influence to these times. Of 27 patients with direct transfer to the catheter laboratory from the community, the DTRT was ≤ 120 mins in 24 (92%) (95% CI 72, 96) patients. In hospital mortality was 24 (6%) patients (95% CI 4, 9). Conclusions The 2012 Auckland/Northland primary PCI service delivers good outcomes consistent with current Australasian standards. Although geographical isolation complicates door to reperfusion times, these may potentially be improved by more focus on direct transfer to the cardiac catheterisation laboratory, especially directly from the community.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Heart, Lung and Circulation
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    ABSTRACT: Prior studies have reported higher rates of coronary revascularisation in European compared with Maori and Pacific patients. Our aim was to define the current variation by ethnicity in investigation, revascularisation and pharmacotherapy after admission with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Data from consecutive New Zealand residents <80 years of age admitted to the Middlemore Hospital coronary care unit with ACS (2007 to 2012) were collected prospectively. Of 2666 ACS patients <80y, 51.5% were European/Other, 14.2% Maori, 16.0% Pacific, 14.8% Indian, and 3.5% Asian. Cardiac risk factors and comorbidity varied markedly by ethnicity. The overall coronary angiography rate was high (89%). After adjustment for clinical factors which influence the decision to perform angiography, European/Other patients were about 5% more likely than Maori and Pacific patients to have angiography. Overall revascularisation was highest in Asian, Indian and European/Other (76.1%, 69.1% and 68.6%), and lower in Maori and Pacific patients (58.2% and 52.9%). Non-obstructive coronary disease was more common in Maori and Pacific (20.6 and 18.6%, respectively), than in European/Other, Indian and Asian patients (13.3%, 8.7% and 6.1%). After adjustment, Maori, Indian and Asian patients were as likely to receive revascularisation as European/Others, but revascularisation in Pacific patients was 13% lower. Discharge prescribing of triple preventive therapy was uniformly high across ethnic groups (overall 91%). There is a small unexplained variation in angiography rates across ethnic groups. Much of the observed variation in revascularisation may be due to differences in the coronary artery disease phenotype.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · The New Zealand medical journal
  • F.R.D. Stewart · P.N. Ruygrok · W. Harrison · H.C. Gibbs

    No preview · Article · Jul 2013 · Heart, Lung and Circulation
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    ABSTRACT: Background Disparities in health care access and outcomes between Maori (M) and Non-Maori (NM) New Zealanders have been reported but little is known about access to and outcomes following heart transplantation (HT). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed of M and NM who underwent HT in New Zealand. Demographic, clinical and outcome data were collected. Results Of 253 patients transplanted, 176 were European, 47 M (19%) and 30 of other ethnicities. M and NM groups were compared. Median age (both 46 years), gender (17% vs 21% female), waiting time (90 vs 76 days) and diagnosis (dilated cardiomyopathy–62% vs 58%) were similar for both groups. M were heavier (81 vs 71 kg, p < 0.0001) and more were blood group A (58% vs 38%). Five year survival was similar (79% vs 78%) but 10 year survival was significantly reduced in M (54% vs 67% p = 0.02). Conclusion The proportion of Maori who have undergone heart transplantation in New Zealand compares favourably with their proportion in the New Zealand population. The reasons for the adverse diverging outcomes after five years require further investigation.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Heart, Lung and Circulation
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    ABSTRACT: Central arterial pressure is a better predictor of adverse cardiovascular outcomes than brachial blood pressure, but noninvasive measurement by applanation tonometry is technically demanding. Pulsecor R6.5 is a novel device adapted from a standard sphygmomanometer which estimates the central aortic pressure from analysis of low-frequency suprasystolic waveforms at the occluded brachial artery. A physics-based model, which simulates the arterial system using elastic, thin-walled tube elements and Navier-Stokes equations, is used to calculate arterial pressure and flow propagation. To determine the reliability of the device, we compared 94 central systolic pressures estimated by Pulsecor to the simultaneous directly measured central aortic pressures at the time of coronary angiography in 37 individuals. There was good correlation in central SBP between catheter measurements and Pulsecor estimates by either invasive or noninvasive calibration methods (r = 0.99, P < 0.0001 and r = 0.95, P < 0.0001, respectively). The mean difference in central systolic pressure was 2.78 (SD 3.90) mmHg and coefficient of variation was 0.03 when the invasive calibration method was used.When the noninvasive calibration method was used, the mean difference in central systolic pressure was 0.25 (SD 6.31) mmHg and coefficient of variation was 0.05. We concluded that Pulsecor R6.5 provides a simple and easy method to noninvasively estimate central SBP, which has highly acceptable accuracy.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Journal of Hypertension
  • Wil Harrison · Cindy Grines
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    ABSTRACT: (J Interven Cardiol 2011;24:413–415)
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Journal of Interventional Cardiology

  • No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · Heart, Lung and Circulation
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    ABSTRACT: Left ventricular (LV) false aneurysm is an uncommon complication of myocardial infarction. Conventional treatment mandates surgical repair but is associated with significant perioperative risk. We present a case of successful percutaneous closure of a LV false aneurysm in a patient at high operative risk who suffered cardioembolic stroke related to thrombus within the aneurysm. The primary aim of treatment was to prevent recurrent embolic event. © 2007 Australasian Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Heart, Lung and Circulation