Jun Cai

Capital Medical University, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (45)152.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aims: To review comprehensively the prevalence, treatment and control of hypertension; and to estimate the burden of hypertension in China, thereby aiding Chinese health policies for better prevention and control of this condition. Methods and results: PubMed, EMbase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang and Chongqing VIP databases were searched for population-based studies published in English and Chinese that described prevalence, treatment and control of hypertension in China, as well as deaths and disabilities attributed to hypertension. All research papers were published between January 1999 and May 2014. Data from 178 studies involving over 2,901,464 participants covering 30 provinces were pooled. Overall, rates of prevalence, treatment and control of hypertension were 28.9%, 35.3% and 13.4% in China. A statistically significant association was observed between temperature gradient and the prevalence of hypertension. There were 10,667 (95% confidence interval 8063-13,345) disability-adjusted life years per 100,000 people. In total, 78.3% of disability-adjusted life years were from years lived with disability and 21.7% from years of life lost due to premature mortality. Conclusions: Although there has been a slight improvement in rates for the treatment and control of hypertension, these rates were still suboptimal, especially for men and people living in rural areas. Low and middle-income provinces had a comparatively huge burden of hypertension, which is a considerable risk factor for reducing life expectancy. Our analysis may be helpful in generating a current overview of hypertension in China.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
  • Minghui Bao · Jun Cai

    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives On the basis of cardiovascular health factors and behaviours, the American Heart Association proposed the Cardiovascular Health Score (CHS). It has been widely used to estimate the cardiovascular health status of individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between CHS and year-to-year blood pressure variability (BPV). Design Prospective cohort study. Settings We stratified participants into two groups by gender: first group, female group; second group, male group. The relationship between CHS and year-to-year blood pressure variability were analysed. Participants A total of 41 613 individuals met the inclusion criteria (no history of stroke, transient ischaemic attack, myocardial infarction, malignant tumour or atrial fibrillation) and had complete blood pressure data. Results The coefficient of the variation of systolic blood pressure (SCV) was 8.33% in the total population and 8.68% and 8.22% in female and male groups, respectively (p<0.05). Multivariable linear regression analysis revealed that higher CHS was inversely associated with increasing year-to-year BPV, which persisted after adjusting for baseline systolic blood pressure and other risk factors. Each SD increase in CHS could lead to a 0.016SD decrease in SCV (p<0.05). Conclusions In summary, CHS was inversely related to year-to-year BPV, which suggested that a healthy lifestyle may contribute to better blood pressure management.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · BMJ Open
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives The American Heart Association (AHA) proposed a definition of 4 cardiovascular health behaviours and 3 health factors. On the basis of the 7 metrics, the cardiovascular health score (CHS) was used to estimate individual-level changes in cardiovascular health status. The aim of this study was to investigate whether changes in CHS (⊿CHS) at different time-points are associated with atherosclerosis progression in middle-aged and older persons. Design Prospective cohort study in China. Settings We defined 8 groups (≤−4, −3, −2, −1, 0, 1, 2 and ≥3) according to ⊿CHS. The impact of ⊿CHS on the change of brachial–ankle pulse wave velocity (⊿baPWV) and atherosclerosis progression was analysed. Participants A total of 3951 individuals met the inclusion criteria (≥40 years old; no history of stroke, transient ischaemic attack or myocardial infarction) and had complete information. Results ⊿baPWV decreased gradually (126.46±355.91, 78.4±343.81, 69.6±316.27, 49.59±287.57, 57.07±261.17, 40.45±264.27, 37.45±283.26 and 21.66±264.17 cm/s, respectively) with increasing ⊿CHS (p for trend<0.05). Multivariate linear regression analysis suggested a negative relationship between these 2 variables, which persisted after adjustment for other risk factors. Each increase in CHS was associated with a reduced baPWV for 15.22 cm/s (B value −15.22, p<0.001). Conclusions ⊿CHS were negatively related to ⊿baPWV, which proved to be an independent predictor of the progression of atherosclerosis in middle-aged and older persons. Trial registration number Kailuan study (ChiCTR-TNC-11001489).
    Preview · Article · Aug 2015 · BMJ Open
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    ABSTRACT: In 2010 the American Heart Association proposed a definition of ideal health behaviors and health factors to measure cardiovascular health, from which Huffman et al. created the Cardiovascular Health Score (CVH score) to estimate these metrics on an individual level. We performed a prospective cohort study among employees of the Kailuan Group Corporation, who underwent a physical examination in 2006-2007 to investigate the relationship between the CVH score and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). A total of 91,598 individuals free of stroke and myocardial infarction at baseline were included in the final analysis. We calculated baseline CVH score for each metric (poor=0, intermediate=1, ideal=2 points; range=0-14 points for all seven metrics) and categorized them into three groups: inadequate (0-4 points), average (5-9 points), and optimum (10-14 points). Incidence of total number of CVD events, myocardial infarction, and stroke was analyzed among these three groups and each incremental point on the CVH score. During an average 6.81 years of follow-up, there were 3276 CVD events, 2579 strokes and 747 myocardial infarction occurred. After adjusting for several confounding factors, each better health category of the CVH score was associated with reduced odds of 47% for all CVD events, and each point higher on the CVH score was associated with reduced odds of 18%. Similar trends were detected in the risks for myocardial infarction and stroke. A higher CVH score is therefore a protective factor for CVD, myocardial infarction, and stroke.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are generated by reprogramming human somatic cells through the overexpression of four transcription factors: Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc. iPSCs are capable of indefinite self-renewal, and they can differentiate into almost any type of cell in the body. These cells therefore offer a highly valuable therapeutic strategy for tissue repair and regeneration. Recent experimental and preclinical research has revealed their potential for cardiovascular disease diagnosis, drug screening and cellular replacement therapy. Nevertheless, significant challenges remain in terms of the development and clinical application of human iPSCs. Here, we review current progress in research related to patient-specific iPSCs for ex vivo modeling of cardiovascular disorders and drug screening, and explore the potential of human iPSCs for use in the field of cardiovascular regenerative medicine.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: Apoptosis is an important mechanism for the development of heart failure. Mitochondria are central to the execution of apoptosis in the intrinsic pathway. The main regulator of mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis is Bcl-2 family which includes pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins. MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression by inhibiting mRNA translation and/or inducing mRNA degradation. It has been proposed that microRNAs play critical roles in the cardiovascular physiology and pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Our previous study has found that microRNA-181c, a miRNA expressed in the myocardial cells, plays an important role in the development of heart failure. With bioinformatics analysis, we predicted that miR-181c could target the 3' untranslated region of Bcl-2, one of the anti-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family. Thus, we have suggested that miR-181c was involved in regulation of Bcl-2. In this study, we investigated this hypothesis using the Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay System. Cultured myocardial cells were transfected with the mimic or inhibitor of miR-181c. We found that the level of miR-181c was inversely correlated with the Bcl-2 protein level and that transfection of myocardial cells with the mimic or inhibitor of miR-181c resulted in significant changes in the levels of caspases, Bcl-2 and cytochrome C in these cells. The increased level of Bcl-2 caused by the decrease in miR-181c protected mitochondrial morphology from the tumour necrosis factor alpha-induced apoptosis. © 2015 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a key role in different nervous system diseases. We sought to determine the role of miRNAs in isoflurane-induced learning and memory impairment in aged rats. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats of 18 month were randomly assigned to control group (exposed to mock anesthesia), 2-hour group and 6-hour group (exposed to 2% isoflurane for 2 and 6 hours respectively). By Morris Water Maze, 6-hour group showed impaired learning and memory ability while 2-hour group not. As shown by miRNA array, control group and 2-hour group showed a similar miRNA expression profile. And 38 miR-NAs are differently expressed in 6-hour group compared to the other 2 groups, including 21 up-regulated miRNAs and 17 down-regulated miRNAs. And 4 of the differentially expressed miRNAs were validated independently by qRT-PCR. Let-7d was downregulated in 6-hour group. Additionally, we demonstrated that amyloid precursor protein (APP) was a direct target of let-7d by Fluorescent report assay. Increased expression of APP and amyloid-β (Aβ) were found in the hippocampi of 6-hour group. Downregulation of let-7d might contribute to isoflurane-induced learning and memory impairment through upregulating its target APP, and increasing the production of Aβ subsequently.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2015 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Viral microRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate the host innate immune response. In particular, the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) miRNA hcmv-miR-UL112 evades the host immune system by downregulating host immune gene and immediate-early viral gene expression. Natural killer (NK) cells are important innate immune cells with potent cytotoxicity, and are activated by type I interferons (IFNs) upon infection. It remains unclear how HCMV persists in the host despite the strongly antagonistic host immune system. A lentiviral vector was used to stably express hcmv-miR-UL112 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Hcmv-miR-UL112 expression levels were detected by TaqMan miRNA assay. The effects of hcmv-miR-UL112 on NK cell cytotoxicity were assessed with CD107a mobilization assay and CytoTox 96 non-radioactive cytotoxicity assay. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were performed to detect type I IFNs levels in culture supernatants. To confirm the role of type I IFN in hcmv-miR-UL112-mediated NK cell cytotoxicity, PBMCs were incubated with antagonizing antibodies against IFN receptor (IFNAR) before lenti-hcmv-miR-UL112 treatment and recombinant type I IFN was added back into miR-transduced PBMC. Ectopically expressed hcmv-miR-UL112 functionally attenuated NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity, associated with decreased type I IFN expression. Hcmv-miR-UL112-transfected cells did not reduce the CD107-expression further than the IFNAR neutralizing mAbs-treatment alone, and adding back of recombinant type I IFN restored CD107a expression from the miR-transduced PBMC. Taken together, our results suggest that hcmv-miR-UL112 subverts innate immunity by downregulating type I IFN signaling to inhibit NK cell cytotoxicity. These results provide a new miRNA-based immunoevasion mechanism that may be exploited by HCMV.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Immunology Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Homocysteine (Hcy) is regarded as a risk factor for hypertension, but research on the causal relationship between Hcy and hypertension is limited. In the present study, we prospectively tracked the blood pressure progression of a normotensive population with different Hcy levels over a 2-year period. The incidence of hypertension with increasing Hcy quartiles produced an approximately U-shaped curve, with significance in males. Compared with the third quartile, the risk of hypertension in the first and second quartiles was increased by 1.55 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.154-2.081) fold and 1.501 (95% CI 1.119-2.013) fold, respectively, with the increase being more significant in males. In conclusion, Hcy is related to hypertension incidence with the results approximating an U-shaped curve. Low Hcy levels might also increase the risk of hypertension.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a progressive disease characterized by misguided thrombolysis and remodeling of pulmonary arteries. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs involved in multiple cell processes and functions. During CTEPH, circulating microRNA profile endued with characteristics of diseased cells could be identified as a biomarker, and might help in recognition of pathogenesis. Thus, in this study, we compared the differentially expressed microRNAs in plasma of CTEPH patients and healthy controls and investigated their potential functions. Microarray was used to identify microRNA expression profile and qRT-PCR for validation. The targets of differentially expressed microRNAs were identified in silico, and the Gene Ontology database and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway database were used for functional investigation of target gene profile. Targets of let-7b were validated by fluorescence reporter assay. Protein expression of target genes was determined by ELISA or western blotting. Cell migration was evaluated by wound healing assay. The results showed that 1) thirty five microRNAs were differentially expressed in CTEPH patients, among which, a signature of 17 microRNAs, which was shown to be related to the disease pathogenesis by in silico analysis, gave diagnostic efficacy of both sensitivity and specificity >0.9. 2) Let-7b, one of the down-regulated anti-oncogenic microRNAs in the signature, was validated to decrease to about 0.25 fold in CTEPH patients. 3) ET-1 and TGFBR1 were direct targets of let-7b. Altering let-7b level influenced ET-1 and TGFBR1 expression in pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (PAECs) as well as the migration of PAECs and pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). These results suggested that CTEPH patients had aberrant microRNA signature which might provide some clue for pathogenesis study and biomarker screening. Reduced let-7b might be involved in the pathogenesis of CTEPH by affecting ET-1 expression and the function of PAECs and PASMCs.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of simvastatin on insulin secretion in mouse MIN6 cells and the possible mechanism. MIN6 cells were, respectively, treated with 0 μ M, 2 μ M, 5 μ M, and 10 μ M simvastatin for 48 h. Radio immunoassay was performed to measure the effect of simvastatin on insulin secretion in MIN6 cells. Luciferase method was used to examine the content of ATP in MIN6 cells. Real-time PCR and western blotting were performed to measure the mRNA and protein levels of inward rectifier potassium channel 6.2 (Kir6.2), voltage-dependent calcium channel 1.2 (Cav1.2), and glucose transporter-2 (GLUT2), respectively. ATP-sensitive potassium current and L-type calcium current were recorded by whole-cell patch-clamp technique. The results showed that high concentrations of simvastatin (5 μ M and 10 μ M) significantly reduced the synthesis and secretion of insulin compared to control groups in MIN6 cells (P < 0.05). ATP content in simvastatin-treated cells was lower than in control cells (P < 0.05). Compared with control group, the mRNA and protein expression of Kir6.2 increased with treatment of simvastatin (P < 0.05), and mRNA and protein expression of Cav1.2 and GLUT2 decreased in response to simvastatin (P < 0.05). Moreover, simvastatin increased the ATP-sensitive potassium current and reduced the L-type calcium current. These results suggest that simvastatin inhibits the synthesis and secretion of insulin through a reduction in saccharometabolism in MIN6 cells.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Journal of Diabetes Research
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To explore the prevalence of isolated diastolic hypertension and associated cardiovascular risk and blood pressure changes during follow up. Methods: This cohort study screened 101 510 participants who were employees of the Kailuan Group, a state-run coal mining company in 2006 and 2007. Among them, 6 778 subjects were diagnosed with isolated diastolic hypertension (IDH). IDH subjects without history of cardiovascular disease and not treated with antihypertensive drugs were included in this analysis. Participants without health examination between 2008 to 2009 or 2010 to 2011 were excluded. A total of 4 600 participants were included in the final analysis. At the end of the third health examination, the conversion rate of different blood pressure turnover was calculated after standardizing age and gender according to demographic data of China in 2006. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to analyze the risk factors of blood pressure turnover in IDH population. Results: (1) Participants were followed up for (4.03 ± 0.26) years and the rates of turnover from IDH to normotension, isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) and systolic diastolic hypertension (SDH) were 51.4%, 3.5%, 18.3%, respectively (45.6%, 3.6%, 22.0% in male, 57.4%, 3.3%, 14.7% in female). (2) Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that low baseline age, low diastolic pressure, low body mass index, low uric acid, physical exercise and low alcohol intake were associated with turnover from IDH to normotension; the risk factors of turnover from IDH to ISH were older age at baseline, higher systolic pressure and higher sensitivity C-reactive protein; the risk factors of turnover from IDH to SDH were older baseline age, high systolic pressure and excessive salt intake. Conclusions: Untreated subjects with IDH can transform from IDH to normotension,ISH, SDH, and the rate of turnover from IDH to normotension is higher than others during follow up. Aging, higher systolic pressure, higher sensitivity C-reactive protein and excessive salt intake are risk factors for IDH subjects to suffer from ISH and SDH.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases]
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    ABSTRACT: Blood pressure variability (BPV) is a reliable prognostic factor for cardiovascular events. Currently there is a worldwide lack of large sample size studies in visit-to-visit BPV. Based on the Kailuan Study, we analyzed the visit-to-visit BPV of patients to investigate the range and influencing factors of BPV. In 11 hospitals in the Kailuan Company, 4 441 patients received routine health checkups. Physical examination measured blood pressure (BP), body height, body weight, and waist circumference, and body mass index was calculated. Blood samples were analyzed for plasma total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), fasting blood glucose (FBG), and high-sensitivity c-reactive protein (hs-CRP). The effect of gender on systolic BPV was investigated. The average systolic BPV was 10.35 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) overall, 10.54 mmHg in males and 10.06 mmHg in females. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis revealed that the age (RR = 1.022), systolic BP (SBP, RR = 1.007), LDL-C (RR = 1.098), and history of hypertension (RR = 1.273) were significant risk factors for higher systolic BPV. We found that aging (RR = 1.022), increased SBP (RR = 1.007), and a history of hypertension (RR = 1.394) were determinants of systolic BPV in males. The risk factors for systolic BPV of females were aging (RR = 1.017), increased SBP (RR = 1.009), increased LDL (RR = 1.136), and increased TG (RR = 1.157). Our findings indicated that the systolic BPV is closely associated with age, SBP and history of hypertension.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Chinese medical journal
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    ABSTRACT: The American Heart Association has recently established seven ideal cardiovascular health metrics for cardiovascular health promotion and disease reduction (i.e., non-smoking, normal body mass index, physically active, healthy diet, and normal levels of cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting blood glucose). The present study seeks to evaluate how well these metrics predict mortality from all causes and cardiovascular diseases in adult Chinese living in a northern industrial city. Data of 95,429 adults who participated in the Kailuan cohort study from June 2006 to October 2007 was analyzed. All participants underwent questionnaire assessment, clinical examination, laboratory assessments and were followed up biannually. During a median follow-up of 4.02 years, 1,843 deaths occurred, with 597 deaths resulting from cardiovascular diseases. Lower mortality rates from all causes and cardiovascular diseases were observed among the subjects who met a higher number of the ideal health metrics. Compared to the participants who met none or one ideal health metric, those meeting ≥5 ideal health metrics had a lower risk of all-cause mortality by 30% (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.56-0.88) and a lower risk of mortality from cardiovascular diseases by 39% (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.61; 95% confidence interval, 0.41-0.89) . Four metrics (smoking status, physical activity, blood pressure and fasting blood glucose) were significantly associated with all-cause mortality. Three metrics (physical activity, blood pressure and fasting blood glucose) were significantly associated with mortality from cardiovascular diseases. The number of ideal health metrics is negatively associated with mortality rates from all causes and cardiovascular diseases among adults in a Northern Chinese industrial city. The data supports the AHA recommendation of ideal health metrics for adults from Northern China.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Recent genome-wide association (GWA) studies in Caucasians identified multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). The associations of those SNPs with myocardial infarction (MI) have not been replicated in Asian populations. Among those previously identified SNPs, we selected nine (rs10953541, rs1122608, rs12190287, rs12413409, rs1412444, rs1746048, rs3798220, rs4977574, rs579459, in or near genes 7q22, LDLR, TCF21, CYP17A1, LIPA, CXCL12, LPA, CDKN2A, ABO, respectively) because of the relatively high minor allele frequencies in Chinese individuals and tested the associations of the SNPs with MI and MI related risk factors in Chinese population. We conducted a case-control association study on a cohort of 2365 MI patients and 2678 unrelated controls from the Chinese population. Genotyping of 9 SNPs were performed by the TaqMan Real Time PCR method. After age, sex, and BMI adjustment, we observed the SNPs rs12190287, rs12413409, rs1412444, rs1746048 and rs4977574, were significantly associated with MI in additive models and rs12190287, rs12413409, rs4977574 were significantly associated with phenotypes of MI at the same time. We also found three SNPs rs1122608, rs3798220 and rs579459 were significantly associated with risk factors of MI, although they had no association with MI in Chinese population. Results of this study indicate that 5 SNPs were associated with MI and 3 SNPs were associated with associated with lipoprotein levels but not with MI in a Chinese population. The present study supports some CAD-related genes in Caucasian as important genes for MI in a Chinese population.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The present study was designed to decipher the molecular mechanisms underlying angiotensin (Ang) II-induced overexpression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in cultured cardiomyocytes. Methods: Cardiomyocytes isolated from 1- to 3-day-old neonatal rats were cultured and treated with 100 nM Ang II with or without pretreatment with 10 nM telmisartan, an Ang II type 1 receptor antagonist. The role of microRNA (miR)-19b in the regulation of Ang II-induced CTGF expression was evaluated in cultured cardiomyocytes with quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. Results: We provide several lines of evidence to show that miR-19b contributes to the Ang II-induced overexpression of CTGF in cultured cardiomyocytes. Firstly, administration of Ang II decreased the level of miR-19b dramatically (p < 0.05 vs. control), which was abolished by telmisartan. Secondly, Ang II increased the level of CTGF significantly (p < 0.05 vs. control), which was also prevented by pretreatment with telmisartan. Thirdly, overexpression of miR-19b decreased CTGF levels (p < 0.05 vs. control). Finally, transfection of miR-19b into cardiomyocytes prevented the upregulation of CTGF induced by Ang II. Conclusion: Downregulation of miR-19b contributes to Ang II-induced overexpression of CTGF in cultured cardiomyocytes.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Cardiology
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the impact of resting heart rate (RHR) on new-onset diabetes (NOD) in population without hypertension. This prospective cohort study was performed in 2006 and 2007 and screened 101 510 participants. All subjects were employees of the Kailuan Group, a state-run coal mining company. The observation cohort included 48 926 subjects with normal fasting blood glucose (FBG) <7.0 mmol/L, no history of diabetes, complete FBG and RHR examination data, systolic blood pressure <140 mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa) , diastolic blood pressure <90 mm Hg, no history of hypertension, and no use of hypoglycemic agents or antihypertensive drugs.We excluded participants without a health examination in 2008-2009 or 2010-2011 and those with incomplete examination data. A total of 29 910 participants were included in the final analysis. The observation population was divided into four groups according to RHR data collected during 2006-2007 health examinations: quartile 1 (RHR<63 beats/min) ; quartile 2 (63 beats/min ≤ RHR<70 beats/min) ; quartile 3 (70 beats/min ≤ RHR<75 beats/min) ; quartile 4 ( RHR ≥ 75 beats/min). Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to calculate the incidence of NOD. The relationship between RHR and NOD was estimated using Cox proportional hazard analysis. The incidences of NOD/1000 person-years for the above quartiles of RHR were 11.22, 13.58, 13.96, and 17.55, respectively in the total observational population; the corresponding incidences were 12.17, 15.20, 16.08, 20.44, and 8.29, 9.38, 8.86, and 9.60 in men and women, respectively. Compared with quartile 1, Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that the other three RHR groups had an increased risk of NOD after adjusting for age, gender, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and other risk factors. The hazard ratio values for these groups were 1.20 (95%CI:1.04-1.40, P < 0.05), 1.25 (95%CI:1.07-1.45, P < 0.01) and 1.58 (95%CI:1.36-1.82, P < 0.01), respectively.Furthermore, after adjusted the FBG, risk of NOD was significantly higher in quartile 2 (HR = 1.21, 95%CI:1.04-1.40, P < 0.01) and quartile 4 (HR = 1.22, 95%CI:1.06-1.41, P < 0.01 compared that in quartile 1. After adjusting for the factors listed above, the influence of RHR on NOD was not significant in women (P > 0.05) , but there was still an increased risk of NOD in men compared with quartile 1 with hazard ratio values of 1.21 (95%CI:1.02-1.43, P < 0.05) , and 1.27 (95%CI:1.09-1.49, P < 0.01) for quartile 2 and quartile 4, respectively. Higher RHR is linked with higher risk of NOD in population without hypertension.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases]
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present study is to investigate the effect of clopidogrel and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on upper gastrointestinal bleeding and adverse cardiovascular events in acute myo-cardial infarction (MI) patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 240 patients receiving emergent PCI due to acute MI were recruited from January 2009 to November 2010. After admission, patients were treated with aspirin (300 mg) and clopidogrel (600 mg) on the first day and then with aspirin at 100 mg/d and clopidogrel at 75 mg/d for antiplatelet therapy. These patients were randomly assigned into Omeprazole (40 mg/d) group (n=83), Pantoprazole (40 mg/d) group (n=80) and Famotidine (40 mg/d) group (n=77). Treatment was done for 5-7 days and patients were followed up for 1 month. The gastrointestinal bleeding and in-stent restenosis were observed. There was no marked difference in the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding between Omeprazole group and Pantoprazole group, but that in the former two groups was significantly higher than in the Famotidine group. No dramatic difference was observed in the incidence of in-stent restenosis among three groups. Treatment with PPI may not increase the risk for in-stent re-stenosis in acute MI patients receiving PCI, but PPI treatment can significantly reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding when compared with histamine H2-receptor antagonist.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Biomedical Research
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    ABSTRACT: Micro-RNAs regulate gene expression by directly binding to the target mRNAs. The goal of the study was to examine the expression profiling of miRNAs in human failing hearts and identify the key miRNAs that regulate molecular signalling networks and thus contribute to this pathological process. The levels of miRNAs and expressed genes were analysed in myocardial biopsy samples from patients with end-stage heart failure (n = 14) and those from normal heart samples (n = 8). Four networks were built including the Gene regulatory network, Signal-Network, miRNA-GO-Network and miRNA-Gene-Network. According to the fold change in the network and probability values in the microarray cohort, RT-PCR was performed to measure the expression of five of the 72 differentially regulated miRNAs. miR-340 achieved statistically significant. miR-340 was identified for the first time in cardiac pathophysiological condition. We overexpressed miR-340 in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes to identify whether miR-340 plays a determining role in the progression of heart failure. ANP, BNP and caspase-3 were significantly elevated in the miR-340 transfected cells compared with controls (P < 0.05). The cross-sectional area of overexpressing miR-340 cardiomyocytes (1952.22 ± 106.59) was greater (P < 0.0001) than controls (1059.99 ± 45.59) documented by Laser Confocal Microscopy. The changes of cellular structure and the volume were statistical significance. Our study provided a comprehensive miRNA expression profiling in the end-stage heart failure and identified miR-340 as a key miRNA contributing to the occurrence and progression of heart failure. Our discoveries provide novel therapeutic targets for patients with heart failure.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine

Publication Stats

450 Citations
152.45 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009-2015
    • Capital Medical University
      • Department of Cardiology
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2012
    • Xiamen University
      Amoy, Fujian, China
    • Shantou University
      • Department of Cardiology
      Swatow, Guangdong, China
    • Hebei University
      Pao-ting-shih, Hebei, China
  • 2008-2010
    • Harvard University
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2007
    • Renmin University of China
      Peping, Beijing, China