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Publications (3)2.17 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Copropagating core and cladding modes in optical fibers can be coupled by a grating with a period greatly exceeding the wavelength, since their propagation constants are similar. In contrast to conventional long-period gratings, in which the modulation is imposed by exposing a photosensitive core to ultraviolet light, we have created chiral long-period gratings with single- or double-helix symmetry by twisting optical fibers with nonconcentric or noncircular cores, respectively, as they pass through a short heat zone. The difference in symmetry between single- and double-helix gratings is manifested in their polarization properties. The use of these gratings as sensors of liquid level and temperature is demonstrated.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2007 · Journal of the Optical Society of America B
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    ABSTRACT: Chiral fiber gratings are produced in a microforming process in which optical fibers with noncircular or nonconcentric cores are twisted as they pass though a miniature oven. Periodic glass structures as stable as the glass material itself are produced with helical pitch that ranges from under a micron to hundreds of microns. The geometry of the fiber cross section determines the symmetry of the resulting structure which in turn determines its polarization selectivity. Single helix structures are polarization insensitive while double helix gratings interact only with a single optical polarization. Both single and double helix gratings may act as a fiber long period grating, coupling the core and cladding modes. The coupling is manifested in a series of narrow dips in the transmission spectrum. The dip position is sensitive to fiber elongation, twist and temperature, and to the refractive index of the surrounding medium. The suitability of chiral gratings for sensing pressure, temperature and liquid levels is investigated. Polarization insensitive single helix silica glass gratings display excellent stability up to temperatures of 600 0 C, while a pressure sensor with dynamic range of nearly 40 dB is demonstrated in polarization selective double helix gratings.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2007 · Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
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    ABSTRACT: Polarization conversion and scattering are synchronized in birefringent fiber twisted with nonuniform pitch so that one incident polarization eigenstate is strongly scattered while the other is freely transmitted. This makes possible a broadband linear polarizer.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2006