Juana Padrón

Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Helmantica, Castille and León, Spain

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Publications (3)9.92 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Tryptase is one of the main proteases located in the secretory granules of the mast cells, and is released through degranulation. It is therefore assumed to play an important role in inflammatory and allergic processes. Four genes are known to encode for these enzymes, with different alleles that give rise to different types of tryptases. The term "tryptase" generally refers to β-tryptase, which in vivo is a heterotetramer, possessing a structure of vital importance for enabling drug and substrate access to the active site of the molecule. Tryptase has been reported to possess antagonistic functions, since it plays an important role both in inflammatory phenomena and as a protector against infection. In allergic processes it is associated to bronchial hyperresponsiveness in asthmatic patients, where PAR-2 is of great importance as an airway receptor. Lastly, the genes that encode for tryptase are highly polymorphic and complex. As a result, it is important to establish a relationship between genotype and phenotype in disorders such as asthma, and to identify mutations that are presumably of pharmacological relevance.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Allergologia et Immunopathologia
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    ABSTRACT: Although there is no doubt about the influence of the genetic background in the onset of the allergic diseases, Epigenome-Wide Association Studies are needed to elucidate the possible relationship between allergic diseases and epigenomic dysregulation. In this study we aimed to analyze the epigenetic patterns, in terms of DNA methylation, of three well-characterized populations of house dust mite allergic subjects, aspirin-intolerant asthmatics and controls. As a first, genome-wide phase, we used the HELP assay to study the methylation patterns in CD19 (+) B lymphocytes in these populations, and found that there are reproducible epigenetic differences at limited numbers of loci distinguishing the groups, corroborated by bisulphite MassArray in a second validation phase of an expanded 40 subject group. These validated epigenetic changes occur at loci characterized as important for the immune response. One such locus is a new candidate gene, CYP26A1, which shows differential methylation patterns and expression levels between groups. Our results suggest that epigenomic dysregulation may contribute to the susceptibility to allergic diseases, showing for the first time differences in DNA methylation between allergic and non-allergic healthy subjects, both globally and at specific loci. These observations indicate that the epigenome may offer new pathophysiological insights and therapeutic targets in atopic diseases.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2011 · Epigenetics: official journal of the DNA Methylation Society
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, functional genetic variants of the PTGDR gene have been associated with asthma. The objective of this work was to study polymorphisms of the promoter region of PTGDR and their haplotype and diplotype combinations in a Spanish population of children with asthma. In this study, 200 Caucasian individuals were included. Asthma was specialist-physician diagnosed according to the ATS criteria. The polymorphisms were analyzed by direct sequencing. In the study, the new polymorphism (-613C > T) in the promoter region of PTGDR was analyzed. The CT genotype was more common in controls (17%) than in patients with asthma (1%) (p-value = 0.0003; OR, 0.057; 95% CI, 0.007-0.441). The CCCT CCCC diplotype (promoter positions -613, -549, -441, and -197) was more frequent in the group of patients with asthma [Fisher's p-value = 0.012; OR, 10.24; 95% CI (1.25-83.68)]; this diplotype is unambiguous. To our knowledge, this is the first study of -613C > T PTGDR polymorphism in patients. This analysis provides more complete information on influence of diplotype combinations of PTGDR polymorphisms in asthma.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Pediatric Allergy and Immunology