Xue-Jiao Yang

Nanjing Medical University, Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (2)6.2 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Human cytochrome P450 2A13 (CYP2A13), mainly expressed in respiratory tract, is active towards numerous toxicants. To establish the metabolism in vitro, we expressed CYP2A13 and NADPH-CYP450 oxidoreductase (POR) in a baculovirus/sf9 system. Due to the deficiency of sf9 cells in heme incorporation, we investigated the effects of different heme precursors on the expression of CYP2A13, POR and their co-expression. The present results showed that both CYP2A13 and POR were presented the highest expression levels or activity with 0.2 mM δ-aminolaevulinic acid (5-ALA), 0.02 mM Fe3+ and 0.5–1.0 μg/ml hemin. The combination of 0.2 mM 5-ALA and 0.02 mM Fe3+ significantly improved CYP2A13 expression and content compared with heme precursors alone, so was POR activity. A multiplicity of infection (MOI) value of 5 pfu/cell for CYP2A13 baculovirus particles induced very high CYP2A13 expression. When co-infected with different POR MOI values, a viral ratio of 5 : 2 was associated with the highest CYP2A13 activity, whereas POR activity dose dependently increased with POR MOI. Furthermore, the expressed CYP2A13 in the optimized conduction could eliminate its substrate aflatoxin B1 at a significantly higher than those in other condition (P < 0.01). Our results provide an efficient approach for expressing functionally characterized, highly active and homogeneous CYP2A13 proteins.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2013 · Journal of Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2A13 is mainly expressed in the respiratory system and has the ability to metabolize aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)). However, the role of CYP2A13-mediated AFB(1) metabolism and its consequences in human lung epithelial cell is not clear. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to investigate the significance of CYP2A13 in AFB(1)-induced cytotoxicity, DNA adducts, and apoptosis. To achieve these objectives, CYP2A13 was stably over-expressed in immortalized human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells (B-2A13) and its significance in AFB(1)-induced cytotoxicity, DNA adducts, and apoptosis was compared to cells with stably expression of CYP1A2 (B-1A2), the predominant AFB(1) metabolizing enzyme in liver, as well as CYP2A6 (B-2A6) as controls. AFB(1) induced B-2A13 cytotoxicity and apoptosis in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The cytotoxic and apoptotic effects of AFB(1) were significantly remarkable in B-2A13 cells than those of B-1A2 and B-2A6 cells. The increased expression of pro-apoptotic proteins, such as C-PARP, C-caspase-3, and Bax, and decreased expression of anti-apoptotic proteins, such as caspase-3, Bcl-2, and p-Bad further confirmed the data of AFB(1)-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis. Furthermore, increased DNA adduct was observed in B-2A13 after AFB(1) treatment as compared to B-1A2 cells and B-2A6 cells. Finally, treatment with nicotine, a competitor of AFB(1), and 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP), an inhibitor of CYP enzyme, further confirm the critical role of CYP2A13 in AFB(1)-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis. Collectively, these findings suggest adverse effects of AFB(1) in respiratory diseases mediated by CYP2A13.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Toxicology

Publication Stats

26 Citations
6.20 Total Impact Points

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Institutions

  • 2012-2013
    • Nanjing Medical University
      • • Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine
      • • School of Public Health
      Nan-ching, Jiangsu Sheng, China