Qun-Xian Rao

Sun Yat-Sen University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (2)4.21 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Women with locally advanced vulvar carcinoma have an excellent chance of a cure by undergoing a radical vulvectomy with an "en bloc" inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy, but the morbidity associated this surgical approach is substantial. To achieve an outcome comparable with the traditional radical method in terms of oncologic safety, and an improved post-operative quality of life, we modified the classic triple-incision technique and suggested it as an alternative for these patients. The aim of this study was to report this new technique. Between January 2004 and November 2009, 24 patients with clinical stage T2 (≥4cm) or T3 invasive vulvar cancer underwent surgical treatment with our modified triple incision technique. Their clinical and surgical complications and follow-up data were retrospectively reviewed. The post-surgical complications were as follows: lymphoedema in 45.8%, wound breakdown in 20.8% and cellulitis in 8.3%. After a median follow-up of 35.5 months, three (12.5%) patients developed a recurrence in the skin bridge (2/24, 8.3%) or lungs (1/24, 4.2%). All patients suffering from skin bridge recurrences were salvaged by local re-resection. Four (16.7%) cases of death were noted: three (12.5%) patients died of non-cancer-related diseases and one (4.2%) died from a multifocal pulmonary metastasis; no evidence of vulvar or groin disease was observed at these patients' last follow-up. The modified triple-incision technique described in this preliminary study appears to be safe, feasible and tolerable for patients with a locally advanced vulvar cancer, and offers an acceptable morbidity.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
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    ABSTRACT: Tumor formation and growth is dictated by a very small number of tumor cells, called cancer stem cells, which are capable of self-renewal. The genesis of cancer stem cells and their resistance to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy via mechanisms such as multidrug resistance, quiescence, enhanced DNA repair abilities and anti-apoptotic mechanisms, make it imperative to develop methods to identify and use these cells as diagnostic or therapeutic targets. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) is used as a cancer stem cell marker. In this study, we evaluated ALDH1 expression in CaSki, HeLa and SiHa cervical cancer cells using the Aldefluor method to isolate ALDH1-positive cells. We showed that higher ALDH1 expression correlated with significantly higher rates of cell proliferation, microsphere formation and migration. We also could demonstrate that SiHa-ALDH1- positive cells were significantly more tumorigenic compared to SiHa-ALDH1-negative cells. Similarly, SiHa cells overexpressing ALDH1 were significantly more tumorigenic and showed higher rates of cell proliferation and migration compared to SiHa cells where ALDH1 expression was knocked down using a lentivirus vector. Our data suggested that ALDH1 is a marker of cervical cancer stem cells and expand our understanding of its functional role.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP