Mariangela Librizzi

Università degli Studi di Palermo, Palermo, Sicily, Italy

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Publications (8)19.5 Total impact

  • Mariangela Librizzi · Edda Tobiasch · Claudio Luparello
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the effect of conditioned media (CM) from osteo-differentiating and adipo-differentiating human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from lipoaspirates of healthy female donors on the viability of triple-negative breast cancer cells MDA-MB231. The CM of undifferentiated and differentiating MSCs were collected after 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of culture. The effects of MSC CM on cell proliferation were assessed using an 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay after 24 h. The effects of osteo-differentiating cell CM on apoptotic promotion, cell cycle impairment, mitochondrial transmembrane potential dissipation, production of reactive oxygen species and autophagosome accumulation were analysed by flow cytometry and Western blot. MTT assay showed that only CM collected from osteo-induced cells at day 28 (d28O-CM) reduced tumour cell viability. Treatment with d28O-CM restrained cell cycle progression through G2 phase, elicited a caspase-8-driven apoptotic effect already after 5 h of culture, and down-regulated autophagosome accumulation and beclin-1 expression. The finding that factor(s) secreted by osteo-differentiating MSCs shows properties of an apoptotic inducer and autophagy inhibitor on triple-negative breast cancer cells may have an important applicative potential that deserves further investigation. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015 · Cell Biochemistry and Function
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    ABSTRACT: The histone deacetylase inhibitor N1-(ferrocenyl)-N8-hydroxyoctanediamide (JAHA) down-regulates extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and its activated form in triple-negative MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells after 18 h and up to 30 h of treatment, and to a lesser extent AKT and phospho-AKT after 30 h and up to 48 h of treatment. Also, DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), 3b and, to a lesser extent, 3a, downstream ERK targets, were down-regulated already at 18 h with an increase up to 48 h of exposure. Methylation-sensitive restriction arbitrarily-primed (MeSAP) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis confirmed the ability of JAHA to induce genome-wide DNA hypomethylation at 48 h of exposure. Collective data suggest that JAHA, by down-regulating phospho-ERK, impairs DNMT1 and 3b expression and ultimately DNA methylation extent, which may be related to its cytotoxic effect on this cancer cytotype.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Materials
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    ABSTRACT: BC-11 is an easily synthesized simple thiouronium-substituted phenylboronic acid, which has been shown to be cytotoxic on triple negative MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells by inducing a perturbation of cell cycle when administered at a concentration equal to its ED50 at 72 h (117 μM). Exposure of cells to BC-11, either pre-absorbed with a soluble preparation of the N-terminal fragment of urokinase-plasminogen activator (uPa), or in co-treatment with two different EGFR inhibitors, indicated that: (i) BC-11 acts via binding to the N-terminus of the enzyme where uPa- and EGF receptor-recognizing sites are present, thereby abrogating the growth-sustaining effect resulting from receptor binding; and (ii) the co-presence of the EGFR inhibitor PD153035 potentiates BC-11's cytotoxicity. Exposure of cells to a higher concentration of BC-11 corresponding to its ED75 at 72 h (250 μM) caused additional impairment of mitochondrial activity, the production of reactive oxygen species and promotion of apoptosis. Therefore, BC-11 treatment appears to show potential for the development of this class of compounds in the prevention and/or therapy of "aggressive" breast carcinoma.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Molecules
  • M. Librizzi · A. Longo · O. Consiglio · E. Tobiasch · C. Luparello

    No preview · Article · Jan 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Fragments based on the VEGFR2i Semaxanib (SU5416, (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 inhibitor) and the HDACi (histone deacetylase inhibitor) SAHA (suberanilohydroxamic acid) have been merged to form a range of low molecular weight dual action hybrids. Vindication of this approach is provided by SAR, docking studies, in vitro cancer cell line and biochemical enzyme inhibition data as well as in vivo Xenopus data for the lead molecule (Z)-N1-(3-((1H-pyrrol-2-yl)methylene)-2-oxoindolin-5-yl)-N8-hydroxyoctanediamide 6.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · Medicinal Chemistry Communication
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    ABSTRACT: Human PTHrP gene displays a complex organization with nine exons producing diverse mRNA variants due to alternative splicing at 5' and 3' ends and the existence of three different transcriptional promoters (P1, P2 and P3), two of which (P2 and P3) contain CpG islands. It is known that the expression of PTHrP isoforms may be differentially regulated in a developmental stage- and tissue-specific manner. To search for novel molecular markers of stemness/ differentiation, here we have examined isoform expression in fat-derived mesenchymal stem cells both maintained in stem conditions and induced towards adipo- and osteogenesis. In addition, the expression of the splicing isoforms derived from P2 and P3 promoters was correlated to the state of methylation of the latters. Moreover, we also performed a quantitative evaluation of intracellular and secreted PTHrP protein product in undifferentiated stem cells and in parallel cultures at various differentiation stages. The data obtained indicate that from the stemness condition to that of osteo- and adipogenic differentiated cells, the expression of isoforms becomes increasingly selective, thereby being a potential gene signature for the monitoring of cell stem or committed/differentiating state and that the switching-off of PTHrP isoform expression is mostly promoter methylation-dependent. Moreover, PTHrP intracellular retention is down-regulated in osteo-differentiating cells whereas the secretion of the protein in the extracellular medium is up-regulated with respect to stem cells, thereby suggesting that these variations of the intracellular and extracellular levels of PTHrP could potentially be enclosed in the list of the available protein signature of osteogenic differentiation.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Biochimie
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    ABSTRACT: The histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) are a class of chemically-heterogeneous anticancer agents of which suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) is a prototypical member. SAHA derivatives may be obtained by three-dimensional manipulation of SAHA aryl cap, such as the incorporation of a ferrocene unit like that present in Jay Amin hydroxamic acid (JAHA) and homo-JAHA (Spencer et al., ACS Med. Chem. Lett. 2, 358-362, 2011). These metal-based SAHA analogues have been tested for their cytotoxic activity towards triple-negative MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells. The results obtained indicate that of the two compounds only JAHA was prominently active on breast cancer cells with an IC50 of 8.45 μM at 72 h of treatment. Biological assays showed that exposure of MDA-MB231 cells to the HDACi resulted in cell cycle perturbation with an alteration of S phase entry and a delay at G2/M transition, and in an early reactive oxygen species production followed by mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) dissipation and autophagy inhibition. No annexin binding was observed after short- (5 h) and longer (24 and 48 h) term incubation with JAHA, thereby excluding the promotion of apoptosis by the HDACi. Although caution must be exercised in extrapolation of in vitro results to the in vivo situation for which research on animals and human trials are needed, nevertheless JAHA treatment possesses the potential for development as an agent for prevention and/or therapy of "aggressive" breast carcinoma, thus prompting to get more insight into the molecular basis of its anti-breast cancer activity.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Chemical Research in Toxicology
  • Alessandra Longo · Mariangela Librizzi · Claudio Luparello
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    ABSTRACT: Emerging evidence indicates that cadmium (Cd) is able to regulate gene expression, drastically affecting the pattern of transcriptional activity in human normal and pathological cells. We have already shown that exposure of MDA-MB231 breast cancer cells to 5 μM CdCl(2) for 96 h, apart from significantly affecting mitochondrial metabolism, induces modifications of the expression level of genes coding for members of stress response-, mitochondrial respiration-, MAP kinase-, NF-κB-, and apoptosis-related pathways. In the present study, we have expanded the knowledge on the biological effects of Cd-breast cancer cell interactions, indicating PLP2 (proteolipid protein-2) as a novel member of the list of Cd-upregulated genes by MDA-MB231 cancer cells and, through the application of transfection techniques with specific antisense oligonucleotides, we have demonstrated that such over-expression may be an upstream event to some of the changes of gene expression levels already observed in Cd-treated cells, thus unveiling new possible molecular relationship between PLP2 and genes linked to the stress and apoptotic responses.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry