Raffi Bekeredjian MD

Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany

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Publications (2)4.21 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A recognized limitation of radioactive stents is the development of restenosis at the stent edges, known as the “candy-wrapper” effect. The mechanisms of this effect remain incompletely understood and controversial. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of endovascular irradiation on neointima formation and vascular remodeling. 32P Palmaz-Schatz stents (1.5–4 μCi) were implanted in 11 patients with restenosis after previous percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) images of target sites and adjunct vessel segments were acquired both during intervention and after 6 months. The angiographic restenosis rate was 54%, and the MLD decreased from 2.21 ± 0.6 mm to 1.38 ± 0.4 mm at follow-up (P < 0.01). IVUS analysis demonstrated that late lumen loss was the result of neointimal tissue proliferation, which was nonuniformly distributed and exaggerated at both the central articulation and the distal stent edges. Negative remodeling did not contribute to restenosis. In contrast, we found a linear relationship between increase of area stenosis and a positive remodeling index (r = 0.84, P < 0.0001). Restenosis after implantation of 32P Palmaz-Schatz stents was mainly the result of neointimal tissue proliferation which tended to be nonuniformly distributed in the stent articulation and edges. Negative remodeling or stent recoil was not observed. Cathet Cardiovasc Intervent 2001;54:41–48. © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2001 · Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
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    ABSTRACT: Elastic recoil and thrombus formation may potentially occur following directional coronary atherectomy (DCA) confounding the assessment of late vascular remodeling. Since intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) data on early outcome of DCA is not available, we used IVUS to investigate whether elastic recoil or thrombus formation can affect early (4 hr) outcome. Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and IVUS were performed in high-grade coronary lesions in 32 consecutive patients before, immediately after, and 4 hr after DCA. Late clinical follow-up was obtained after a maximum interval of 2 years. Significant acute elastic recoil was observed by both IVUS (19% ± 14%) and QCA (19% ± 12%), but there was no further recoil after 4 hr. DCA reduced plaque area by 51% ± 13%, an effect that was stable after 4 hr, indicating the absence of relevant thrombus formation. Residual area stenosis by IVUS was not related to the occurrence of late clinical events (n = 8). Mechanical recoil or thrombus formation do not hamper initial lumen gain achieved by DCA. Although QCA significantly underestimated residual plaque burden after DCA when compared to IVUS, the degree of residual area stenosis did not identify patients suffering from cardiac events on follow-up.Cathet. Cardiovasc. Intervent. 47:14–22, 1999. © 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1999 · Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions