[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of Waist-to-Height Ratio in early detection of obesity and metabolic syndrome in Chinese children and adolescents.
A cross-sectional study was conducted in six cities in China in 2010 with 16,914 children and adolescents aged 7-17 years. Participants were randomly divided into the training and testing sets. Diagnostic values were estimated using sensitivity, specificity and areas under receiver operating characteristic curves.
The coefficients of variation of Waist-to-Height Ratio among age groups were lower than that of body mass index and waist circumstance. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve of Waist-to-Height Ratio was 0.968 in boys and 0.949 in girls for general obesity evaluation, and 0.983 in boys and 0.984 in girls for central obesity. The optimal cut-offs of Waist-to-Height Ratio were 0.47 in boys and 0.45 in girls in the training set and validated in the testing set. For metabolic syndrome evaluation, the sensitivity and specificity were 0.858 and 0.825 in boys, 0.864 and 0.812 in girls under the suggested cut-offs.
Waist-to-Height Ratio was a simple, effective and practical tool for mass screening childhood obesity and metabolic syndrome in China. It will have potential values in public health practice.
No preview · Article · Jun 2014 · Preventive Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To develop a rapid and effective method for genomic DNA extraction with magnetic bead-based semi-automatic system.
DNA was extracted from whole blood samples semi-automatically with nucleic acid automatic extraction system.The concentration and purity of samples was determined by UV-spectrophotometer. Orthogonal design was used to analyze the main effect of lysis time, blood volume, magnetic bead quantity and ethanol concentration on the DNA yield; also the 2-way interaction of these factors.
Lysis time, blood volume, magnetic bead quantity and ethanol concentration were associated with DNA yield (P<0.05), but no interaction existed. DNA yield was higher under the condition with 15 min of lysis time, 100 μl of blood volume, 80 μl of magnetic beads and 80 % of ethanol. A significant association was found between the magnetic bead quantity and DNA purity OD260/OD280 (P=0.008). Interaction of blood volume and lysis time also existed (P=0.013). DNA purity was better when the extracting condition was 40 μl of magnetic beads, 15 min of lysis time and 100 μl of blood volume. Magnetic beads and ethanol concentration were associated with DNA purity OD260/OD230 (P=0.017 and P<0.05), the result was better when magnetic beads was 40 μl and ethanol concentration was 80 %.
The results indicate that the optimized conditions with 40 μl magnetic beads will generate higher quality of genomic DNA from the whole blood samples.
No preview · Article · May 2012 · Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences