[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: C1858T single nucleotide polymorphism in PTPN22 encoding the R620W allele variant of Lyp-PTPN22 (a protein phosphatase negatively regulating T-cell activation) has been associated with autoimmunity. This work has investigated the possible association between PTPN22 C1858T (rs2476601) polymorphism and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and systemic sclerosis (SSc) in a Colombian population.
A case-control study included 1,042 samples from 413 RA, 94 SLE and 101 SSc patients and 434 healthy controls. The TaqMan allele discrimination assay was used for genotyping.
The case-control study provided robust evidence of association between allele 1858T and RA (p=5E-05), as well as between 1858T and SLE (p=0.004). These observations were confirmed for both diseases by meta-analysis (p=2E-04, pooled OR 1.9; 1.3-2.7 95% CI for RA; p<0.0001, pooled OR 2.8, 1.8-4.5 95% CI for SLE). No significant association was observed between 1858T and SSc (p=0.98, OR 1.11, 0.46-2.65 95% CI).
The study suggested that the PTPN22 1858T variant influences RA and SLE genetic background but not that of SSc in the Colombian population.
Full-text · Article · May 2012 · Clinical and experimental rheumatology