[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Accumulation of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the displacement loop (D-loop) of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) may be associated with an increased cancer risk. We investigated the lung cancer risk profile of D-loop SNPs in a case-controlled study. The minor alleles of nucleotides 235A/G and 324A/G were associated with an increased risk for lung cancer patients. The minor alleles of the nucleotides 151C/T, 200A/G, 524C/CA, and 16274G/A were specifically associated with the cancer risk of squamous cell carcinoma, whereas the minor allele of nucleotide 16298T/C was specifically associated with the risk of small cell lung cancer. In conclusion, SNPs in mtDNA are potential modifiers of lung cancer risk. The analysis of genetic polymorphisms in the mitochondrial D-loop can help identify subgroups of patients who are at a high risk of developing lung cancer.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Mitochondrial DNA
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Accumulation of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the displacement loop (D-loop) of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) may be associated with disease outcome. Our team investigated the prediction power of D-loop SNPs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) outcome. In an overall multivariate analysis, allele 16390 was identified as an independent predictor for NSCLC outcome. The length of survival of patients with allele 16390A was significantly shorter than that of patients with allele 16390G (relative risk, 0.323; 95% CI, 0.109-0.951; p=0.040). The analysis of genetic polymorphisms in the mitochondrial D-loop can help identify NSCLC patient subgroups at a high risk for a poor disease outcome.
Preview · Article · May 2012 · Experimental and therapeutic medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: microRNAs (miRNAs) bind to the 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) of messenger RNAs, where they interfere with translation of genes that regulate cell differentiation, apoptosis and tumourigenesis. The histone methyltransferase SET8 has been reported to methylate TP53 and regulate genomic stability. We analysed a single nucleotide polymorphism (rs16917496) within the miR-502 miRNA seed region at the 3' UTR of SET8 in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients. The SET8 CC+CT genotype was identified to be independently associated with longer survival in SCLC patients by multivariate analysis (relative risk, 0.453; 95% CI 0.217-0.944; p=0.035). The analysis of genetic polymorphisms in miRNA binding sites may help to identify patient subgroups at high risk of poor outcome.
Preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Experimental and therapeutic medicine